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Calcul scientifique hautes performances Brest 18-10-2000 Ghislain de Jacquelot consultant HPTC Competency Center / Annecy

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Presentation on theme: "Calcul scientifique hautes performances Brest 18-10-2000 Ghislain de Jacquelot consultant HPTC Competency Center / Annecy"— Presentation transcript:

1 www.compaq.com Calcul scientifique hautes performances Brest 18-10-2000 Ghislain de Jacquelot consultant HPTC Competency Center / Annecy ghislain.dejacquelot@compaq.com

2 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 2Agenda + Qui est Compaq? + Compaq dans le march HPTC + Technologie et produits + Large Scalable Systems + Quelques rfrences

3 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 3 Who is Compaq? + $38.5B company + World-wide PC market leader (13% share) + Number one engine in Linux revolution (25% share) + Alpha/Tru64 UNIX the fastest growing UNIX platform in Europe in 2H1999 + $500M investment in Alpha technology by Compaq, Samsung, API Sources: Compaq, IDC, Dataquest

4 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 4 COMPAQ dans le march HPTC COMPAQ dans le march HPTC

5 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 5 IDC Platform Segmentation (1998) Capability (“supercomputers”) Capability (“supercomputers”) " PVP and MPP: >$1M, ASP>$3M Capacity (“servers”) Capacity (“servers”) " Enterprise: >$1M, ASP $1M, ASP <$1.5M " Division: $250K to $1M, ASP<$500K " Department: <$250K, ASP<$50K + Compaq AlphaServers address all segments

6 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 6 HPTC Revenue by Segment, 1998 and 1999 • The HPTC market has grown 17% in 1999 to $ 5.8 Billion + 75 % comes from Divisional and Departmental + However, all segments added revenue to the market. Source: IDC, 2000

7 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 7 Compaq in the HPTC market ($5.8B in 1999) Source: IDC May 2000

8 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 8 Compaq performance in a market which grew 17% + + We have moved into a strong #2 market share position overall, only one point behind the leader HP. + + The performance of Compaq represents a growth of more than 30% and is mostly due to the introduction of packaged clusters and the SC series. * IDC Flash - January 2000

9 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 9 Compaq #1 for Linux + IDC just released Linux hardware server statistics -- this is first time IDC or major analyst has estimated market shares. Compaq leads with 25% share, way ahead of IBM who is in second place with 10%. + The numbers understate volumes, in that IDC does not count workstations deployed as servers. The IDC Quarterly Server Tracker, Q499, March 9, 2000

10 www.compaq.com STRATEGY in HPTC STRATEGY in HPTC

11 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 11 Obstacles à l ’ volution des performances Temps de cycle CPU (nsec) 1 100 10 101001K10K100K SC (PVP) SMP Cluster Farm MPP Nombre de CPUs Limites Physiques Limites de Complexit Les microprocesseurrs les plus rapides avec les meilleurs rseaux d’ interconnexion de Clusters de SMP apportent la performance Applicative Maximale

12 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 12 Compaq ’ s HPTC Strategy + Build balanced computer systems " CPU performance " Bandwidth and latency throughout the memory hierarchy + Make them scaleable " Hardware and system software performance " Restrain overheads + Make them manageable " Coherent file management " System resource management " Software development environment + Make them cost-effective " Use proven COTS components " Move functionality into silicon + Make them become SOLUTIONS " Partnership with key ISVs " One stop shopping packages

13 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 13 10GF100GF1TF10TF Shared Memory Distributed Memory AlphaServer SC : Roadmap to Multiple TeraOps Number of SMP nodes in a SSI system Processor roadmap

14 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 14 CEA/DAM Supercomputer project + By far the fastest supercomputer ever sold in Europe + More than 2700 Alpha/Unix processors + 5 TeraFlops + 2.7 Terabytes of main memory + Power requirements above one megawatt + 50 Terabytes of fast disk devices + Approximately 200 cabinets + 80 tons + Designed and built by Compaq CSS, Annecy + 4000 fully loaded trucks to dig out the IT room + 750 Sq meters, extensible to 1250 + A 1.20 meter deep false floor + Power and Cooling up to 4 MWatts

15 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 15 Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center http://www.psc.edu/publicinfo/news/2000/terascale-08-03-00.html World’s most powerful supercomputer for non-military computational science World’s most powerful supercomputer for non-military computational science + $36M funded by US NSF, operated by PSC + Initial installation November 2000 + Peak performance over 6 TFLOPS + 2,728 CPUs (682 quad-processor AlphaServers) + 2,728 GB memory, 50 TB storage + Proteomics, storm-scale weather forecasting, earthquake studies, global climate change

16 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 16 Los Alamos National Laboratory: ASCI Q http://www.compaq.com/alphaserver/news/supercomputer_0822.html US Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration Stockpile Stewardship Program US Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration Stockpile Stewardship Program Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative 30 TeraOPS “Q” machine Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative 30 TeraOPS “Q” machine + Value >$200M over two years + 375 AlphaServer GS320 (12,000 EV68/1250MHz) + 600 TB storage + 2,100 sq m + Optional upgrade to 100 TeraOPS

17 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 17 Bioinformatics + Most recent and fastest growing application of computing to science + Map whole genomes to provide target opportunities for new drugs, agro-chemicals, and novel chemical solutions + Exploding amount of data (multiple TB/yr) + Very rapidly evolving application area on the edge of human understanding + Informative articles " Bioinformatics in the Information Age, Science, 18 Feb 2000, p.1221 " Genomics: Journey to the Center of Biology, Science, 10 Mar 2000, p. 1777 " Drug Discovery: An Information Revolution, Science, 17 Mar 2000, p. 1951

18 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 18 Compaq: leading bioinformatics IT supplier + All public and most commercial applications run best on Compaq Alpha/Tru64 UNIX + Leading public gene sequencing centers world- wide use Compaq Alpha servers ~ MIT Whitehead Institute (USA) ~ Washington University, St Louis (USA) ~ The Sanger Centre (GB) ~ Centre National de Sequencage (France) “Without Compaq’s Alpha technology and Tru64 Unix software our efforts to analyze and decode chromosome 22 would not have been successful.” - Richard Durbin, Assistant Director, The Sanger Centre, Cambridge UK, 7 December 1999

19 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 19 Celera Genomics (Rockville MD, USA) http://www.compaq.com/alphaserver/news/celera_june00.html + Private company competing with public institutions to complete human genome sequence + Most powerful non-governmental computing facility in the world " >800 Compaq AlphaServer/Tru64 UNIX systems " >250 GSCH (Giga-Sequence-Comparisons per Hour) + 50 TB database on Compaq StorageWorks - database growing at 10 TB/year

20 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 20 Some Compaq Automotive HPTC Customers YokohamaPorscheHonda VisteonNissanGoodyear ToyotaMazdaFord Subaru Magna International Ferrari RenaultKawasakiDenso PSA Peugeot Citroën HyundaiDaimlerChrysler

21 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 21 Calcul scientifique hautes-performances Les lments essentiels + Matriel: " Processeurs " Syst mes multiprocesseurs SMP " Syst mes parall les à mmoire distribue + Logiciel: " Librairies " Administration " Applications

22 www.compaq.com Processeurs

23 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 23 Processeurs Alpha + Engagement fort de Compaq sur Alpha " les meilleures performances du march " migration de Tandem Himalaya vers Alpha + Architecture: pas de changement de direction " RISC, execution Out-of-order " Pas de changement de technologie compilation + Accent sur les performances applicatives plutôt que les performances cr tes

24 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 24 Processeurs EV6x (Alpha 21264) + EV67: Plus haute performance du march " frquence leve (667 - 730 MHz) " support de caches Dual Data Read " performance actuelle (667MHz 8Mo de cache) ¥ 40 Specint95 ¥ 82.7 Specfp95 + EV68 " frquence de 833 à 1.5 GHz " technologie 0.18 micron, puis 0.13. " suprieur à 100 SpecFp

25 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 25 Alpha 21264 (EV6) Instr. Cache (64KB) 2-Set ALU Shifter Branch Predictor Data Cache (64KB) 2-Set Write- Back Level 2 Cache and Bus Interface Unit Integer Reg Map FP Reg Map Integer Issue Queue (20) FP Issue Queue (20) ALU Shifter Multiplier ALU FP ADD FP DIV/SQRT FP MUL Address 4 Instructions Sys Bus 64-bit L2 Cache Bus 128-bit Phys Addr 44-bit Execution Out of Order Instructions Video Prdiction de branchement avance Cache & System Bus à haut dbit Jusqu ’à 80 instructions en cours d ’excution Cache niveau 1 128 KB on-chip

26 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 26 Alpha 21264 (EV6 - EV67) + Out-of-order execution + Grands caches primaires (64k Data + 64k Instr) + 1.33 Gflops cr te à 667 MHz + Plus de 82 Specfp95 + A chaque cycle, 4 oprations parmi: " 4 instructions enti res " 2 instructions flottantes 2 instructions d ’acc s mmoire 2 instructions d ’acc s mmoire

27 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 27 Evolutions EV6 + EV67 " frquence suprieure à 800 MHz " suprieur à 100 SpecFp + EV68 " frquence de 900 à 1.4 GHz " technologie 0.18 micron volution jusqu ’à mi-2002 volution jusqu ’à mi-2002

28 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 28 Alpha 21364 (EV7) Utilise un cœur à base d’EV6 + amliorations Utilise un cœur à base d’EV6 + amliorations " Out-of-Order Execution " 64K + 64K cache primaire " 2 units flottantes, 4 units enti res, 2 load/store. + Frquence > 1 Ghz + Cache de niveau 2 intgr (1.75 MB) + Contrôleur mmoire intgr Contrôleur d’interconnexion intgr (4 ports) Contrôleur d’interconnexion intgr (4 ports) + Contrôleur I/O intgr + Support du mode lock-step (syst mes TANDEM)

29 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 29 Alpha 21464 (EV8) M mes fonctionalits d’interconnexion que l’EV7 M mes fonctionalits d’interconnexion que l’EV7 + Horloge plus rapide (1.5+ GHz) + 6 Gflops (sans instructions Mult/Add) + Bande passante mmoire: 10+ Go/s soutenus + Nouveau coeur + Cache interne plus grand + Simultaneous Multithreading + Technologie 0.125 micron + 250 + millions de transistors

30 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 30 Processeur Alpha 21464 (EV8) Superscalaire Multithreading Simultaneous Multithreading Thread 1 Thread 2 Thread 3 Thread 4 Thread 5 Temps

31 www.compaq.com La gamme de serveurs Alpha

32 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 32 Serveurs Alpha + DS10, DS10L1 cpu + DS10, DS10L1 cpu (466 ou 600 MHz) + DS20, DS20E2 cpus (500 ou 667 MHz) + ES404 cpus (500 ou 667 MHz) + GS80, GS160, GS3208, 16 ou 32 cpus (731 MHz)

33 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 33 Performance AlphaServer GS60E/140 Srie DS Srie ES Srie GS AlphaServer DS20/E AlphaServer ES40 AlphaServer DS10L / DS10 OpenVMS AlphaServers

34 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 34 Technologie Cross-bar + Rponse aux probl mes: " Bande passante " Latence “Scalability” “Scalability” technologie Bustechnologie Cross-bar CPU Switch MEM CPU MEM

35 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 35 DS20 • Dual processor - EV67 @ 667 MHz • Pedestal enclosure • 4GB maximum memory • 128 GB internal storage (18GB drives) • 6 PCI slots (6 64-bit PCI, 1 shared ISA) • Redundant power supply (N+1) • Switch bandwidth: 5,2 GB/s • Measured performance per CPU: • 40,1 SPECint95 • 83,6 SPECfp95

36 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 36 Le serveur ES40 Le Serveur le plus performant de sa cat gorie: Jusqu ’ à 4 processeurs Alpha21264 cadenc s à 667MHz, Cache secondaire de 8 MB, technologie DDR Architecture Crossbar interne de 5.2 GB/sec Jusqu ’ à 32 GB de m moire centrale, Jusqu ’ à 144 GB de stockage en interne 4 ou 8 disques Hot-Swap Ultra2 SCSI 2 bus PCI 64 bits 33 MHz (~260 Mo/s chacun) 6 ou 10 slots PCI

37 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 37 AlphaServer ES40 Super I/O SCSI/NIC PCI 2PCI 1 PCI 7PCI 6 PCI 5 Serial, Parallel keyboard/mouse floppy 64b (266MB/S) PCI 8 Each @ 128b (4GB/S) Crossbar Switch Each @ 64b (2.6GB/S) Quad Ctl Data Slices (8) PCI 1PCI 0 256b (2.6GB/S) SDRAM Memory up to 16GB Bank 3 Bank 2 Bank 1 Bank 0 Alpha 264 L2 Cache PCI-ISA USB PCI 9 PCI 4 PCI 3 Server Mgt. Floppy CD

38 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 38 Technologie NUMA + Non Uniform Memory Access + Mmoire logiquement partage + Mmoire physiquement distribue M moire CPU Interconnexion

39 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 39 Cohrence de cache: CC-NUMA + Cache Coherent Non Uniform Memory Access + Une donne X est prsente dans le cache des processeurs 0, 2 et 3 + Le processeur 0 modifie la donne Snoopy bus protocol Directory based CPU 3CPU 1CPU 2CPU 0 Cache CPU 3CPU 1CPU 2CPU 0 Cache Mem X CPU n Cache Mem X...001101 - Dirty

40 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 40 Quad Building Block: QBB M moire CPU Interconnexion

41 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 41 Compaq AlphaServer GS80, GS160 et GS320 Serveurs d’entreprise Serveurs d’entreprise + Scalabilit - NUMA + 32 Alpha Processeurs EV67 " 128 GB Mmoire " 64 bus PCI

42 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 42 Cross-bar et NUMA: GS80, GS160 et GS320 EV6 Mem I/O Switch EV6 Mem Global Port I/O Switch 4 Port Adapter 2GB/sec PCI 4 Port Adapter 2GB/sec De 1 à 4 Cpus par bloc (QBB) 4 connexions à 1.6GB/sec entre CPU et mmoire simultanment. Bande passante mmoire de 6.4GB/sec par QBB Jusqu’à 4Go par carte mmoire, 16Go par QBB de 2 to 8 bus PCI (28 slots) par QBB 2Go/sec I/O BW (full-duplex) Pas de limitation de slots (cpus, mmoire, entres-sorties)

43 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 43 AlphaServer GS 320 Global Switch EV67 Mem I/O Switch EV67 Mem I/O Switch EV67 Mem I/O Switch EV67 Mem I/O Switch EV67 Mem I/O Switch EV67 Mem I/O Switch EV67 Mem I/O Switch EV67 Mem I/O Switch

44 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 44 GS320 FrontBack QBB’ s #1-4 QBB’ s #5-8 Global Switch

45 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 45 AlphaServers GS: Composants Hot-swap

46 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 46 Architectures à base d ’ EV7, EV8 364 M IO 364 M IO 364 M IO 364 M IO 364 M IO 364 M IO 364 M IO 364 M IO 364 M IO 364 M IO 364 M IO 364 M IO

47 www.compaq.com Syst mes parall les à mmoire distribue

48 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 48 Memory Channel 2 Interconnexion de nouvelle g n ration Syst me fiable, à grande bande passante et faible latence Technologie Full Duplex à 100 Mo/s Commutateur « crossbar » 8x8, 800 Mo/s de bande passante agr g e Distance de 3 km en fibre ou 10 m en LVDS Nouvel adaptateur PCI 90 Mo/s de bande passante Latence MPI de 5 usec

49 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 49 • 6 ES40, 4CPUS EV67@667MHz • 2Goctets de RAM • 48Goctets dedisques • Crossbar Memory Channel II • D bitN œ ud àN œ ud: 100Moctets/sec • Latence: 5 micro sec • Maximum de 8 noeudsconnect ssur le switch /tmp • Tru64 UNIX V5.0 • Tru Cluster Software V5.0 • LSF Image Syst meUnique (Cluster File System) Exemple de cluster memory channel Stockage

50 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 50 Measuring interconnect performance + Bandwith " Fast Ethernet: 6 Mbytes / second " Gigabit Ethernet: 40 Mbytes / second " Memory Channel: 85 Mbytes /second " Quadrics: 208 Mbytes / second + Latency " Ethernet: 60-100 microseconds " Quadrics and MC2: 5 microseconds

51 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 51 Compaq AlphaServer SC Series

52 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 52 La gamme Compaq AlphaServer SC Series Syst me volutif, massivement parall le à mmoire distribue, à base de composants standard: + Matriel " Noeuds de calcul AlphaServer SMP " Interconnect QSW AlphaServer SC + Logiciel Syst me d’exploitation Tru64 UNIX, cluster file system et outils d’administration de Compaq. Syst me d’exploitation Tru64 UNIX, cluster file system et outils d’administration de Compaq. " Parallel file system, syst me de gestion de ressources et librairies MPI, SHMEM de QSW. " Environnement de dveloppement et outils de Compaq et de socits tierces (Etnus, Pallas, Platform)

53 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 53 AlphaServer SC Network Software + Resources Management System (RMS) + Administration du switch et des partitions: Pandora + MPI + Shmem + Parallel File System (PFS) + Elan card software support

54 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 54 Interconnect AlphaServer SC Quadrics Supercomputers World + PCI interface Elan-3 " DMA " Get et put " 200 Mo/s/rail switch “fat tree” Elite switch “fat tree” Elite " composants crossbar 8 ports " formats 16 or 128 ports cables jusqu’à 20m cables jusqu’à 20m " latence de 35 nanosecondes par cross-bar " Equilibrage automatique de charge Latence: <3 s DMA/shmem, <6 s MPI Latence: <3 s DMA/shmem, <6 s MPI

55 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 55 Quadrics Switch and Interconnect Cables

56 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 56 ASCI Pathforward

57 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 57 SAN for an AlphaServer SC configuration (50 TB / 7.5 GB/s Bw) RAID CTLR 14 disks File-server nodes Fits in a cabinet

58 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 58 Nos rfrences rcentes SC LANL (ASCI-Q) PSC CEA - DAM LLNL 2 sites class s CEA civil OAKRIDGE National Labs NCAR WRIGHT PATTERSON CSC

59 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 59 Beowulf clusters + Often considered as a cheap solution ! + Hard to manage, but ! + Compaq developed software for easier administration “CMU” Cluster Management Utility “CMU” Cluster Management Utility + Experience with third-party interconnects integration (Myrinet)

60 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 60 Screaming Power in a 1U Package Easy to scale by adding another server Easy to scale by adding another server + Fastest Uni processor design in a 1U form factor + Fastest Memory Access with the Highest Bandwidth memory in its class + High speed I/O with a Full Sized 64 bit PCI slot + 40 CPUs in ONE rack ! + Rack or Desktop-ready for space constrained environments + Compaq Tru64 UNIX, OpenVMS and Linux support Fastest 1U Server available anywhere!

61 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 61 Quelques rfrences en Europe + CSC Airbus(UK)16 XP1000 EV67LinuxEther + SRC Airbus(UK)11 XP1000 EV67LinuxEther + DTU (Denmark)60 XP1000 EV67Tru64Ether + U of Coimbra (P)13 XP1000 EV67LinuxEther + Wuppertal (Ger)128 DS10 LinuxMyrinet + CSC (Finland)128 DS10 EV67?Myrinet

62 www.compaq.com Logiciel

63 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 63 Compaq Tru64 UNIX 5.0 Syst me d ’ exploitation 100% 64 bits Administration simplifi e et centralis e sur un seul utilitaire TruCluster V5 Large choix d ’ interfaces : Motif, WEB, à partir d ’ une station NT … Tuning dynamique Support des tr s grandes configurations Plus de CPU, file system de 10 To, 128 Go de m moire, 10.000 utilisateurs …

64 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 64 TruCluster Software V5.1 “ The cluster is the system ” Easier management … Single System View Cluster File System Cluster Alias Easier Management / /usr /var/...

65 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 65 System administration tools + Tru64 UNIX Sysman provides single-system interface " Choice of GUI, web-based or command-line + Automated system utilities " console software " SRA broadcasts data over SC networks + Hardware monitoring and diagnostics " interfaces to Sysman

66 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 66 Tru64 UNIX V5.0A Features and Benefits SysMan Station A single, consistent presentation format that offers a graphical representation of a system (or cluster) monitoring status from the CPU down to the level of individual components.

67 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 67

68 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 68

69 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 69 Tru64 UNIX V5.1 Features and Benefits Compaq Insight Manager Allows the monitoring of Compaq systems (including Tru64 UNIX systems, Windows NT workstations, PCs, and laptops) in a network. Systems can be managed from anywhere Access is: http://fully_qualified_hostname:2301

70 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 70 Tru64 UNIX V5.1 Features and Benefits NetRAIN support Improves the reliability of transmitted data by allowing a failover from one controller to another when a fault is detected. (base component, no license is required) Host tu0tu1 Virtual network interface tu0 is the active interface. If tu0 fails, tu1 becomes the active one. UNIX or TruCluster will not be impacted if a failure occurs nr0

71 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 71 Tru64 UNIX V5.0A Features and Benefits Logical Storage Manager - Overview Volume02 RAID 0 Volume03 JBOD Volume01 RAID 1 LSM builds virtual disks on top of partitions known as logical volumes. dsk0 dsk8 dsk1 dsk1f dsk1g dsk9 dsk9f dsk9g Plex-04 Plex-03 *sd = sub-disk Plex-02Plex-01 dsk9f-sd1dsk1f-sd1 dsk8-sd1dsk0-sd1 dsk1g-sd1 CONCATENATED sub-disks dsk9g-sd1 dsk9g-sd2 /DATA1 /DATA2/DATA3 STRIPPED sub-disks

72 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 72 TruCluster V5.1 features + Cluster File-System " Globally visible within the cluster " Physically connected to several nodes " At one time, all I/O requests handled by one of the nodes. " Automatic failover to make another node handle the I/O requests, in case of failure. + Cluster aliases " Generic name and IP address to make an IP/UDP connection to the cluster " Automatic load-balancing " or Priority-based addressing

73 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 73 Cluster File System (CFS) + Single namespace " shared root " single copy of most management files + Same management tools as base + Single security domain " single user, group, and passwd files " clusterwide access control lists

74 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 74 CFS: more details CFS: more details + CFS is transparent, in use even for local files. + A mount anywhere is a mount everywhere. + RAID + Multi-pathing = No single point of data destruction or unavailability. + Full POSIX semantics, cache coherency " no sync on close needed

75 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 75 Cluster-Wide Directory Structure All Nodes see each others’ “local” files

76 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 76 AlphaServer SC System SW Performance Visualizer (PVIS) + SC system performance resource monitoring + Developers can monitor application execution + System managers can see system resource usage

77 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 77 Environnement de dveloppement • Compilateurs : Fortran 95, HPF, C, C++ • Debugger : Vampir • Profiler : Totalview • Gestionnaire de ressources : LSF • Biblioth que Math matique : CXML • Compaq Visual Fortran

78 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 78 Compilers + Compaq Fortran " Fortran 90, Fortran 95 and HPF compliant " Directed decomposition ¥ Compliant with OpenMP and HPF standards ¥ assisted OpenMP parallelization with KAP " Data localization directives for NUMA + Compaq C " ANSI compliant " Supports parallel directives (OpenMP) + Compaq C++ " ANSI compliant

79 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 79 Compaq Extended Math Library (CXML) + BLAS 1,2 & 3 + Lapack + + Solvers de matrices creuses: " " Direct " " Itratif Traitement du signal (FFT, Convolution, etc…) + + Les routines cls sont paralllises (SMP) + SCIPORT

80 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 80 Message-passing libraries + Shared memory and Memory Channel 2 " PVM " MPI + Quadrics " MPI (MPI 1 + some MPI 2 extensions) ¥ MPI IO ¥ Get/Put " SHMEM

81 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot

82 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot TotalView and Vampir VAMPIR – Parallel MPI Event Analysis

83 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot TotalView and Vampir VAMPIR Communication Statistics Communication Statistics (Timeline menu)

84 www.compaq.com Introducing Compaq Visual Fortran

85 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 85 Compaq ® Visual Fortran + Offers a combination of: The robustness and reliability of Compaq’s Fortran 95 compiler The robustness and reliability of Compaq’s Fortran 95 compiler " The easy-to-use Microsoft ® visual development environment

86 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 86 Compaq Visual Fortran 32-bit Development System for x86 (Intel ®, AMD ®, …) PCs running: 32-bit Development System for x86 (Intel ®, AMD ®, …) PCs running: " Windows ® 2000 " Windows NT ® 4 " Windows 98 " Windows 95

87 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 87 * Previous standards (Fortran 90, FORTRAN 77, FORTRAN IV) are also supported Compaq Visual Fortran + The Compaq Fortran Compiler " Full support of the Fortran 95 Standard* " Compaq Fortran (formerly DIGITAL ® Fortran) and Microsoft Fortran language extensions for easy code portability among platforms

88 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 88 Compaq Visual Fortran + Offers Portability from other Platforms " Microsoft-recommended upgrade for PowerStation 4.0 users " Provides a consistent Fortran language dialect from desktop to mainframe-class systems " Compatible with Fortran code written for other Compaq Fortran platforms: ¥ Compaq Tru64 TM UNIX ® Alpha ¥ Linux ® Alpha ¥ OpenVMS TM Alpha

89 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 89 Compaq Visual Fortran + Microsoft visual development environment " Windows-based application development " Visual editor with color coded syntax highlighting " Visual debugger " Context-sensitive online documentation " Same development environment used by Microsoft Visual C++ ® V6

90 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 90 Compaq Visual Fortran + Visual development tools " Debugger " Source Code Browser " Windows resource editor " Fortran Module Wizard for working with COM Objects " Fortran COM Server Wizard for creating COM servers (Professional and Enterprise Editions) " Graphical viewer for visualizing multi-dimensional arrays (Professional and Enterprise Editions)

91 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 91 Back to Main Menu

92 www.compaq.com Applications results Fluent 5 http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl5bench/index.htm

93 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 93 Fluent benchmarks Source: http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl5bench/index.htm August 2000

94 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 94 Fluent benchmarks Source: http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl5bench/index.htm August 2000

95 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 95 Fluent benchmarks Source: http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl5bench/index.htm August 2000

96 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 96 Fluent benchmarks Source: http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl5bench/index.htm August 2000

97 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 97 Fluent benchmarks Source: http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl5bench/index.htm August 2000

98 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 98 Fluent benchmarks Source: http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl5bench/index.htm August 2000

99 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 99 Fluent benchmarks Source: http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl5bench/index.htm August 2000

100 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 100 Fluent benchmarks Source: http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl5bench/index.htm August 2000

101 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 101 Fluent benchmarks Source: http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl5bench/index.htm August 2000

102 Compaq Confidentiel www.compaq.com HPTC Brest 18/10/2000 / G. de Jacquelot 102


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