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1 Industrialization Samuel Bassetto – W04/2007 Management lessons.

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1 1 Industrialization Samuel Bassetto – W04/2007 Management lessons

2 2 Foreword Industrial Point of view

3 3 Production system architecture Design management Industrial development strategy Operational management & logistics Industrialization Rex Product/process integration Supply chain definition Foreword Industrial Point of view

4 4 A Product production lifecycle Product production Foreword Industrial Point of view Product design Product industrialization Production dismantelment

5 5 Foreword Industrial Point of view

6 6 Offer creation process Offer building process Industrialization Problems, methods and tools for mastering this transfert Foreword Industrial Point of view

7 7 Foreword, Small survey (1/2) – about french lessons… (1/2) Lessons about industrialization UTC –> more focused on quality Produit-process Télécom Industrialization engineer is in charge of definition and optimization of the product manufacturing plan so as achieving cost, cycle time, quantity and quality objectives. Academic Point of view

8 8 Foreword, Small survey – about employment… (2/2) Turbo mécaSERAP Coordinate, master non conformities, project leader, methodologic support, be the quality referent… Industrial project, industrial assessment, process definition, supply chain definition, coordination W52-06 Cadremploi : 19636 Jobs & 228 for industrialisation Industrialization has a real impact as key word. Ressources POV

9 9 Foreword A multi competences man ! Being able to dialog with several partners: Control risks, @ the interface of production, process, planification, supply chain, quality marketing (for demand analysis). Required to know how to manage a project, design an organization and drive it Personal behavior : manage the complexity, be the interface man ! Ressources

10 10 Foreword, a multiple scope domain Several views about industrialization New product ramp-up Project management Quality management Supply chain management Logistic Mgt Information system Management Facilities layout Environment Mgt Cycle time Mgt Risk Mgt Eco. Industrialization

11 11 Outline – WOQIE What is industrialization ? Organization and industrialization Quality and industrialization Information systems and industrialization Engineering for industrialization Risk management : the red line of this presentation WOQIEWOQIE

12 12 What is industrialization ? The massive deployment with same caracteristics. WOQIEWOQIE

13 13 What is industrialization ? The massive deployment with same caracteristics. WOQIEWOQIE

14 14 What is industrialization ? Some numbers in metallurgy industries: –The COREX process (Kohl Reduction) Laboratory researches : 1977-1981 Pilot plant: 1981 – 1986 (5-> 10T/h but not continuous process) Prototype pilot plant: 1987 – 1999 (2000t/day) 1995 -2001: 6 plant (Korea, South africa, India) C3000 plant for bulgaria 1 process – full test and deployment: 24 years & 10 plants ! WOQIEWOQIE

15 15 What is industrialization ? Some numbers in service organisation: –A law is adopted : each person can benefit of the RMI (french accronym for Minimal Social Income) Grow up from 0 to 17000 peoples in a dep. 79 ~ peoples to help per working day (217d/y in France) WOQIEWOQIE

16 16 What is industrialization ? Some numbers in cinematography industry: –1 Best seller film: ~15M -part vite reviens tard 3MP see it in 3 Months Mean projection room size : 300seats 3334 rooms associated to this film to achieve this goal and produce : CA = ~21M η = 40% of benefits in 3 months How to pass from 0 to 3334 rooms, attract and manage 3MP ? WOQIEWOQIE

17 17 What is industrialization ? Some numbers in semiconductor industries: –A new technology each 2 years. –1 technology cost ~ 1b$ –1 technology involve ~500 engineers in project mode –Production window: from only 2y up to 5 years. –Yield of the first silicon: less than 50% –Reach a stable prod @ a scrap rate : 2% + yield @ 75% –Decrease wafer from 10k$ to 0,5k$ WOQIEWOQIE

18 18 What is industrialization ? WOQIEWOQIE

19 19 What is industrialization ? industrialization Production size Launch, 1 year Maturation 1 year Production, 2 years Stop, 3 years Time Yield Production volume max 100 % Stakes Launch Maturation ProductionTransfert and stop WOQIEWOQIE Some curves in semiconductor industries

20 20 What is industrialization ? In electrical industry: –One new product generation –2 years of development (Engineering) –30 Development engineers –Ramp-up after prototype tests. Cf lessons provided by schneider … WOQIEWOQIE

21 21 What is industrialization ? Some characteristics: A massive deployment A project from design to full production Some questions: A process ? (processus in french) A Workflow ? WOQIEWOQIE

22 22 What is industrialization ? Litterature review: French authors: –Auroy, processus dindustrialisation –Dal Pont, lentreprise industrielle (techniques de lingénieur) International contributors: –Terwiesch & al : International product tranfert and production ramp up: a case study from data storage industry (R&D Management) –Lieven, Demeester, Mei Qi, Managing learning ressources for consecutive product generations (Int. Journal of Production Economics) WOQIEWOQIE

23 23 What is industrialization ? Our definition, in this lesson: Industrialization is the transfert process from the offer design business process to the offer realisation business process WOQIEWOQIE

24 24 What is industrialization ? A particular process: –In chemical industries: –In metallurgical industries: (1)Assess the issue of the innovation versus existing process (2)Define and validate the process on small scale. (3)Select technologies (4)Monitor industrial pilot with integrated steps (5)Monitor process on a demonstration unit (6)Install and adjust the target production facility WOQIEWOQIE

25 25 What is industrialization ? A particular process: –In automotive suppliers industry: P4: Concept P3: Prototype P2: Process Plan - proto P1: Industrial Developement Production – P0 WOQIEWOQIE

26 26 What is industrialization ? A particular process: –In automotive suppliers industry: WOQIEWOQIE

27 27 What is industrialization ? Semiconductor industries WOQIEWOQIE

28 28 What is industrialization ? Volume production – Productio transfert Prototypes & risked production Process plan frozen Progressive stop Our intervention area Preliminary analysis LaunchMaturationProductionStop Technology life cycle DevelopmentValidationQualification WOQIEWOQIE – In semiconductor industries: Tests - DOE

29 29 Other possibles designations for maturation stage: –Project inition –Feasability studies –Preliminary projects –Base engineering Maturation industrialization WOQIEWOQIE What is industrialization ?

30 30 What is industrialization ? The path from the stabilised idea, product detail design to its mass production. Several stakes: –Cost –Quality –Cycle time manuf & delivery –Environment –Ethics WOQIEWOQIE

31 31 What is industrialization ? Management principle: –Drive with the final, operational dash board WOQIEWOQIE Cycle time, Delivery Quality, non conformities…

32 32 What is industrialization ? Management principle: –Achieve targets, changing mentality and behavior at least toward the product by ramping the production up. –A systematic approach declined for each indicator: Cycle time: attacking each pocket of wasted time during the production. Quality: their is no more place for raw quality, non quality Cost: each island of spending has to be reduce Environment: No ecological fingerprint is allowable Ethic: Each behavior must be in line with organization ethical principle. WOQIEWOQIE

33 33 Risk management : the red line of this presentation What is industrialization ? Management principle: –Manage risks, each failure mode producing the non achievement of each goal. –The CARAS method: Collect. Analyse off line. manage Risks. Analyse on Line. Synthetis. WOQIEWOQIE

34 34 What is industrialization ? Management principle: –Adopt a breaktrhough method: PDCA / DMAICS WOQIEWOQIE Abb. 1 Kroll, © Heinz-Werner Engel, Brüssel

35 35 Outline – WOQIE What is industrialization ? Organization and industrialization Quality and industrialization Information systems and industrialization Engineering for industrialization Risk management : the red line of this presentation WOQIEWOQIE

36 36 Organization & industrialization WOQIEWOQIE One leader Group dedicated for the maturation (sometime reduced @ leader) Project organization Launch MaturationProductionStop Technology n life cycle Organization realistic

37 37 Structure of the engineering staff in project mode –A project leader –A product leader –An industrialization group Main scope: get the process more robust for achieving operational goals (time, cycle time, quality) WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

38 38 Organization & industrialization WOQIEWOQIE Leader recognized person in the orga (charismatic?), transversal function Groupe member; able to follow methods, like to work in group, positive action in the group Launch MaturationProductionStop Technology n life cycle Member profile

39 39 Members skills: –Product –Process –Quality (DOC +Control & measurement ) –Reliability –Supply chain –Risk management –Cost WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

40 40 Organization & industrialization WOQIEWOQIE Transfert sustained by the organization Poor tooling Shuffle information sharing ! Launch MaturationProductionStop Launch MaturationProductionStop Technology n life cycle Launch MaturationProductionStop Technology n+2 life cycle Launch MaturationProductionStop Possible organization : Technology n+1 life cycle

41 41 Organization & industrialization WOQIEWOQIE Launch MaturationProductionStop Launch MaturationProductionStop Technology n life cycle Launch MaturationProductionStop Technology n+2 life cycle Launch MaturationProductionStop Possible organization: essaim in the organization, the industrialization group Technology n+1 life cycle

42 42 Organizational learning –Main question: how organize the fine tuning of process/product/ressources so as achieving quickly operational goals. WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization © Christian Terwiesch

43 43 Feedback organization: how to reuse event (positive and negative ones) to improve p-p- r) For negative events –Preliminary Risk Analysis –Bad Event data collection –Risk reevaluation –Action management driven by risk analysis WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

44 44 Organization & industrialization Knowledge update WOQIEWOQIE

45 45 Risk management processes audit (1/3) Organization & industrialization WOQIEWOQIE

46 46 WOQIEWOQIE Risk management processes audit (2/3) Organization & industrialization

47 47 WOQIEWOQIE Risk management processes audit (3/3) Organization & industrialization

48 48 Audit Conclusions: 5 procedures of risks managment held by 5 different organizations Integration, quality, production, engineering, maintenance 5 structrures based on the same model: Collect/Record the risk, Manage the risk investigate, synthesis All these procedures are isolated from each others insterad of being linked ! WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

49 49 Experts are thinking that Extract from the Preliminary analysis of a tool 1 occurrence MAX par an ! WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

50 50 Organization and Industrialization Facts Underline an other reality for the « Wafer aligner » element 3 occurrences over 13 weeks 12 per year: If FMEA have been updated RPN ranking grow up from 10 to 25 OCC will pass from 2 to 5 WOQIEWOQIE

51 51 Organization & industrialization Knowledge update WOQIEWOQIE

52 52 Feedback organization: how to reuse event (positive and negative ones) to improve p-p- r) For positive events –Preliminary best practice analysis –Good news data collection –Analysis & best practice update –Practice Update => trims software – chk lst WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

53 53 Trims example WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

54 54 Trims example WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

55 55 Trims example WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

56 56 Trims example WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

57 57 Change Management organization –Each change must be systematically analysed –Validation group –One member sign for one operational goal –Risk analysis for the change –Objective : decrease the number of changes WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

58 58 Change Management organization –@ least : a check list WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

59 59 Change Management organization WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

60 60 Change Management organization WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

61 61 Change Management organization WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

62 62 Operation management; –Drive with final dashboard – Cpk ! WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

63 63 Operation management; –Drive with final dashboard – OOC ! WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization Action plan target

64 64 TIME LINE On a daily basis –Exploitation Meeting –Production meeting –Non conformity management –Operational goal analysis & review On a weekly basis –Non conformity management –Scrap management – review and analysis –Customer claim review and analysis –Change management review –Operational goal review (more synthetic) – OOC, CT –Industrialization project review (in technical group) On a monthly basis - Management –Operational Goal monthly agregated – Cpk, CT, SCRAP… –Industrialization process status WOQIEWOQIE Organization & industrialization

65 65 Outline – WOQIE What is industrialization ? Organization and industrialization Quality and industrialization Information systems and industrialization Engineering for industrialization Risk management : the red line of this presentation WOQIEWOQIE

66 66 The control system - a complex system Control system Product Tools Manufactu ring process WOQIEWOQIE Quality and industrialization

67 67 Several aspects of the control Control system Production control exist Non connected tools Indicator manageme nt Change management Investigations Automation and measures Statistical Control Risks analysis Product Tools Manufactu ring process Status : WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

68 68 Control system Indicator manageme nt Change management Investigations Automation and measures Statistical Control Risks analysis Product Tools Manufactu ring process Complex interactions Links not mastered Links control done project after projects Status : WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

69 69 What we know To have a control by expertise poles To structure and monitor the life cycle of a technology To control the technology transfer with the organization To be Reactive Improvement ways To have a big picture of interactions Support: –interactions –Process control evolutions –Transfert master from a technology to another Be Proactive WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

70 70 Specification limits & configuration –1 technology T => several products, A, B –1 specification set for 1 technology T –Several product configurations => Cpk Degradation, need to update specs @ each configuration WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

71 71 Specification limits & configuration WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization Same specifications than T however specific distributions A & B Cp = 1,33 Cpk = 1,24 Cp = 4 Cpk = 0,78 Cp = 9 Cpk = -0,74 Config A Config B Techno T

72 72 Specification limits & regular review WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization Same specifications during industrialization, no regular review: No prevention of drift, better understanding the process but no prevention of drifts Cp = 1,33 Cpk = 1,24 FL: First lot Milestone 2 Milestone 3 Milestone 4 Cpk = 2Cpk = 6Cpk = 10,56

73 73 Specification limits & regular review WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

74 74 failure modes number : Failure modes come from a preliminary risk analysis (PRA) This is the Production point of view Prod operation Thickness too low Yield lossEquipment drift 2 SPC, PT Parameter PM FDC on tool 161212 FMEA Quality & industrialization WOQIEWOQIE Control main issue

75 75 Expression in the risk template : for SPC approach For 1 item function : 3 associated failure modes : –Variable too low –Variable too high –Variable gradien (temporal or surfacic) Toward an AUTOMATIC RISK ANALYSIS UPDATE This is the Designer point of view PT Variable to control OOCProduct impact, increase scrap rate 7Tbd ? Cpk Value TBDPT 6 WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

76 76 Main issue for linking risks and manufacturing ctrl plan Analysis is not performed Link does not exist between product FMEA and product control plan Customers get quality parameters and poduct risks analysis and can challenge on that point Are our control plan coherent toward customers needs ? WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

77 77 Main issue for linking risks and manufacturing ctrl plan WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization What is f ? Process Measured Inputs: I (Prod operation) Measured Outputs: O (Product parameters) Measured Internal Variables: V (control parameters) O = f (I,V)

78 78 Control limits –In the ramp up phase, contradiction with configurations management and control sets WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

79 79 Design of experiment –Need to employ Design of experiment to define : Key characteristics Set points WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

80 80 Sampling plan –Sampling size by lot (number of lot between 2 measures) –Sampling size within a lot (number of product measures in a lot) –Sampling size for a measurement on a product (number of measures on a product) WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

81 81 Non conform production & customer claim control –At least set an organization: to record to analyze to perform action plan –Sometimes add also the Action control ?? PDCA ?? Improvement way ? WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

82 82 A systematic resolution problem method Eg : 8D –1D: Define the team –2D: Describe the problem –3D: Secure the « customer » –4D: Find Root causes (5 why + Bibliography) –5D: List possibles actions –6D: Choose actions –7D: Perform Actions and control it –8D: Close, share knowledge and thank the group WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

83 83 Configuration management, diversity and quality WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

84 84 Management rules: –Be in a paranoïac mode ! –Implement CARAS-A WOQIEWOQIE Quality & industrialization

85 85 Outline – WOQIE What is industrialization ? Organization and industrialization Quality and industrialization Information systems and industrialization Engineering for industrialization Risk management : the red line of this presentation WOQIEWOQIE

86 86 Several level of information management: –Non conformities –Customer reclaim –Scrap management –Manufacturing process plan –Operational recipes –Change requests & orders –Problem solving methods WOQIEWOQIE Information system & industrialization

87 87 Information pattern for non conformities management WOQIEWOQIE Information system & industrialization Non conformity detection Product number Lot number Date Operator Tool involved / Workshop / Area Description Category Type

88 88 Information pattern for Scrap management WOQIEWOQIE Information system & industrialization Product number Lot number Date of scrap Operator - engineer Tool involved / Workshop / Area Description Category

89 89 From non conformity to scrap a product state… WOQIEWOQIE Information system & industrialization Non conform product Event (tool break down, detection, OOS…) Minor fault Major fault Analysis Scrap Customer agreement Production release END no yes

90 90 Information pattern for Customer claims WOQIEWOQIE Information system & industrialization 1st Analysis Claims recording Action Plan Analysis Financial feedback Customer report Agreement END

91 91 Automatic management of manufacturing process plan Manufacturing Execution System WOQIEWOQIE Information system & industrialization

92 92 MES: WOQIEWOQIE Information system & industrialization

93 93 Automatic management of operation recipes WOQIEWOQIE Information system & industrialization Without Recipe management Automatic recipe loading, based on a local setting and storage 1) recipe for validation 2) Local modification without control 3) Loading of an uncontrolled recipe

94 94 Automatic management of operation recipes WOQIEWOQIE Information system & industrialization 300Works BrookAutomati on WorkStream… Automatic recipe loading, based on a remote setting and storage 1) recipe for validation 2) Local modification without control 3) Loading of an remote controlled recipe 4) Local mode for tests only !!!!

95 95 Automatic management of operation recipes WOQIEWOQIE Information system & industrialization Any remote change need a validation cycle !!

96 96 Outline – WOQIE What is industrialization ? Organization and industrialization Quality and industrialization Information systems and industrialization Engineering for industrialization Risk management : the red line of this presentation WOQIEWOQIE

97 97 No normalized approach Several practices, linked @ engineering societies (SETEC, SAMES, BTP societes…) –3, 4, 5 phases… Several actors : –Prime Contractor /, Suppliers, Process Licence WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project

98 98 Main milestones: –Supplier choice in an international context –Financial investment: THE DO decision –Project financial control –Project review Main issues for you: –Coordinates contractors –Perform contract WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project

99 99 Definitions: –Basic Engineering for a plant project is the information set about process and project planning so that an senior prime contractor can detail and drive the project until the first run of the production unit. WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project

100 100 At the end of the Basic Engineering stage: 1 document Possible Structure / –Introduction Goals of the document Langage and standard units Contractuel boundaries –Main work Process description and particular operation conditions Operatory conditions Building sketch List of process equipments Piping, water, air, energy Facilities layout Control, regulation, electricity Civil engineering drawing & plan Operatory manual Security sketch Environmental sketch WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project

101 101 –Basic Engineering Milestone : Decision of investment ! -> no way to get back again –Detailled Engineering Complete study and final implantation WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project

102 102 –A process in the chemical industry: WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project Process block diagram Process functional block diagram

103 103 –A process in the chemical industry: WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project Process functional block diagram Functional Process Specifications

104 104 –A process in the chemical industry: WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project Process functional block diagram Process Time based diagram

105 105 –Process detailled design WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project Start from Basic engineering doc

106 106 –Process detailled design WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project Detail each process measures, control and flow

107 107 –Process detailled design WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project Detailled design for each part

108 108 –Detailled implementation design and plans WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project Facility layout 2D implementation plans

109 109 –Detailled implementation design and plans WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project Isometric Piping Isometric view of the installation

110 110 –Risks analysis MUST be done jointly with the process development WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project

111 111 A possible time line WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project Process licence MOA MOE Eqt Supplier Assembly Exploit. Full Built Out Assembly & 1st run Detailed Engineering Basic engineering prime contractor=MOE Contracting Owner =MOA

112 112 Our point of view: –Schematic design –Basic engineering –Detail Engineering –Full Built Out –Tests & plant project closure WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project

113 113 A possible project plant site organisation: WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project Contracting owner PrimeContractor Project Manager Project Manager Plant site Quality Planning Process Eng. Spe. Studies Design Logistic Suppliers Site Process Cost Site. Quality Security Logistic Planing

114 114 Contract types: WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project Responsability of contracting owner Responsabilityh of the Prime Contractor Fixed price contract Joined development People @ disposition Project case

115 115 Enterprise collaboration –Horizontal: integration between project manager and contracting owner (Join Venture, Economic Cluster (GIE in French…) –Vertical: integration with a process owner WOQIEWOQIE The engineering project

116 116 Industrialization : From work preparation and a two stage learning program A facility installation program –Preparation of work –Off line learning (R&D, Engineering training…) A learning environment to create –On line learning (Operational Goals risks prevention & mitigation) Multi point of view issues SUMMARYSUMMARY Thank you for the audience

117 117 BONUSBONUS BONUS

118 118 Outline – WOQIE What is industrialization ? Organization and industrialization Quality and industrialization Information systems and industrialization Engineering for industrialization Learning curves Risk management : the red line of this presentation WOQIELWOQIEL

119 119 Learning Curves When new productions are set up: –Bad first lots –Production time decrease with time (sooner or later) through a learning process –Learning curves captures this wishdom in roughly following equation: WOQIELWOQIEL ti = time to produce the nth lot N: number of cumulated product Alpha: process specific parameter

120 120 Learning Curves Main issues: –Define learning speed –Predict learning shape –Find influent factors WOQIELWOQIEL

121 121 Learning Curves Several scenarios for quality managment: WOQIELWOQIEL WIP NC t volume WIP NC t volume WIP NC t volume WIP NC t volume Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4

122 122 Learning Curves A more realistic scenario: WOQIELWOQIEL WIP NC t volume Case 6 People empowerment NC management system Continuous improvement groupe Huge scrap Decrease of workload

123 123 Learning Curves Litterature review: –An old, but still active research way: 1st study in 1930s in the airframe industry: T.P. Wright, Factors affecting the cost of airplanes, Journal of the Aeronautical Sciences 3 (1936) 122–128. 5 general categories: –Learning curves researches –Function-based learning studies –Analytical learning theories –Learning microstructures qstudies –Organizational learning theory David M. Upton (a), Bowon Kim (b) Alternative methods of learning and process improvement in Manufacturing Journal of Operations Management 16 (1998) 1-20 a Harvard Business School, Soldiers Field, Boston, MA 02163, USA b Grad. School of Mgmt., Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 130-012, Korea WOQIELWOQIEL

124 124 Learning Curves Stakes in an international competition: –Need to learn faster than competitors –Stakholders go to the more profitable in a short term period ! –Customers preferences goes to the cheaper, faster and best in quality ! Eg. NXP stakholders strategy… compete with TSMC & CR2 Alliance => TSMC is best in class => joint venture with it. WOQIELWOQIEL

125 125 Outline – WOQIE What is industrialization ? Organization and industrialization Quality and industrialization Information systems and industrialization Engineering for industrialization Learning curves Layouts Risk management : the red line of this presentation WOQIELWOQIEL

126 126 4 majors layout issues Facilities location Facility layout (department placement) Department (workshop) layout Office layout WOQIELLWOQIELL

127 127 4 majors layout issues Facilities location WOQIELLWOQIELL Which is the best position for maximizing 'incomes' – delivery, service... ?

128 128 4 majors layout issues Facility layout WOQIELLWOQIELL

129 129 4 majors layout issues Department layout: –Facilities pattern (U-shape, O-shape Job shop, Flow shop) WOQIELLWOQIELL

130 130 4 majors layout issues Department layout: –Facilities pattern (U-shape, O-shape Job shop, Flow shop) WOQIELLWOQIELL

131 131 4 majors layout issues Workoffice layout WOQIELLWOQIELL

132 132 Outline – WOQIE What is industrialization ? Organization and industrialization Quality and industrialization Information systems and industrialization Engineering for industrialization Learning curves Layouts Supply Chain design Risk management : the red line of this presentation WOQIELSWOQIELS

133 133 Supply chain design WOQIELLWOQIELL supplier s manufactur e stock custome r contracting supplier / Location / intermediate & final stocks / transport mode (frequency, quantity, ways,...)


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