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7 Contents Chapter Physical Development of Infants

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1 7 Contents Chapter Physical Development of Infants
Section 7.1 Infant Growth and Development Section 7.2 Caring for an Infant Section 7.3 Infant Health and Wellness

2 Section 7.1 Infant Growth and Development
There are four main influences on a baby’s growth and development. An infant’s growth and development follow many patterns.

3 Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary makeup developmental milestone
stimulating environment growth chart proportion depth perception reflex gross motor skill fine motor skill hand-eye coordination makeup accommodate

4 Influences on Growth and Development
Babies experience a tremendous amount of growth and development in their first year. Growth refers to physical size. Development refers to physical, emotional, social, or intellectual skills.

5 Influences on Growth and Development
The four major influences include: heredity nutrition health environment How do you think the environment can influence growth and development? 5

6 Growth and Development During the First Year
During the first year, babies typically triple their birth weight. Weight gain is a strong sign of good health.

7 Growth and Development During the First Year
Physical development follows three patterns: head to foot near to far simple to complex Babies’ perception of the world increases using vision, hearing, touch, smell, and taste.

8 Growth and Development During the First Year
Speech develops with growth of the throat muscles, tongue, lips, teeth, and vocal cords. Babies are born with some automatic reflexes.

9 Section 7.2 Caring for an Infant
Caregivers need to know the proper ways of handling, feeding, and dressing a baby. This knowledge will help keep a baby healthy.

10 Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary shaken baby syndrome antibody
weaning malnutrition aggravate curb

11 Handling a Baby Babies need to be handled to be changed, fed, bathed, dressed, cuddled, and hugged. Remove pillows, fluffy blankets, puffy bumper pads, and stuffed toys from bed.

12 Handling a Baby Always place a baby face up in the bed.
Check a crying baby for wetness, hunger, cold, or pain. Never shake or jiggle a baby.

13 Feeding an Infant During the first six months, nutrient needs can be met with formula or breast milk. Feed newborns as often as they want to eat. Babies must be burped after feeding. Some babies have food allergies.

14 Dressing a Baby Babies are sensitive to overheating.
Comfort and ease in dressing are important when choosing baby’s clothing. Dressing and undressing a baby quickly and easily takes practice. Why is it important to be able to dress a baby quickly?

15 Section 7.3 Infant Health and Wellness
Keeping a baby healthy involves bathing, diapering, and taking care of baby’s teeth. A baby needs regular checkups and scheduled immunizations. 15

16 Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary cradle cap diaper rash teething
immunization vaccine designate emerge

17 Keeping Baby Clean Keeping a baby clean helps maintain overall wellness. Guidelines should be followed to safely bathe a baby.

18 Keeping Baby Clean A baby’s diaper must be changed several times a day. Caregivers can choose between cloth diapers and disposable diapers. A home with a baby should have a designated diaper-changing area.

19 Health Care Teething begins at about six months of age.
Caregivers must learn how to keep children protected from a variety of safety hazards. teething The process of the teeth pushing their way through the gums.

20 Health Care Babies and infants should have regular medical checkups.
Immunizations are an important way to protect children against certain diseases. immunization A shot of a small amount of a dead or weak disease-carrying germ given so that the body can build up resistance to the disease.

21 Infant Growth and Development
Chapter Summary Section 7.1 Infant Growth and Development Heredity, nutrition, health, and environment all play a role in a baby’s growth and development. Babies grow rapidly in the first year. 21

22 Babies must be handled carefully and must never be shaken.
Chapter Summary Section 7.2 Caring for an Infant Babies must be handled carefully and must never be shaken. Feeding babies breast milk or formula meets the nutrition needs for the first six months. Other foods should be introduced gradually. A baby’s clothing should be comfortable and easy to put on and take off. 22

23 Infant Health and Wellness
Chapter Summary Section 7.3 Infant Health and Wellness Babies should be bathed regularly but never be left alone in the bathtub. Parents should follow a recommended schedule of checkups and immunizations. 23

24 Review Do you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions. The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions. Start

25 developmental milestone hito del desarrollo
A key skill used to check a child’s progress. Habilidad esencial usada para medir el progreso en el desarrollo del niño. Show Definition

26 stimulating environment ambiente estimulante
An environment in which one has a wide variety of things to see, taste, smell, hear, and touch. Un ambiente en el que uno tiene una amplia variedad de cosas para ver, probar, oír y tocar. Show Definition

27 tabla de crecimiento growth chart
A chart that shows the average weight and height of girls and boys at various ages. Tabla que muestra el peso y la altura promedios según la edad para niños y niñas. Show Definition

28 proportion proporción
The size relationship between different parts of the body. Relación de tamaño entre las diferentes partes del cuerpo. Show Definition

29 percepción de profundidad depth perception
The ability to perceive objects that are three-dimensional. Habilidad de percibir objetos en tres dimensiones. Show Definition

30 An instinctive, automatic response, such as grasping or sucking.
reflex reflejo An instinctive, automatic response, such as grasping or sucking. Una respuesta instintiva y automática como chupar o agarrar. Show Definition

31 destreza de motricidad gruesa gross motor skill
A skill that involves the large muscles of the body such as those of the legs and shoulders. Habilidad que involucra el uso de los músculos grandes del cuerpo, como los de las piernas y los hombros. Show Definition

32 fine motor skill motricidad fina
A skill that involves the smaller muscles of the body such as those in the fingers. Destreza que involucra los músculos pequeños del cuerpo, como los de los dedos de las manos. Show Definition

33 hand-eye coordination coordinación mano-ojo
The ability to move the hands and fingers precisely in relation to what is seen. Habilidad de mover las manos y los dedos con precisión en relación con lo que se ve. Show Definition

34 síndrome del bebé sacudido
shaken baby syndrome síndrome del bebé sacudido A condition that occurs when someone severely shakes a baby, usually in an effort to make him or her stop crying. Una condición que ocurre cuando alguien sacude severamente a un bebé, normalmente tratando de hacer que deje de llorar. Show Definition

35 A substance produced by the body to fight off germs.
antibody anticuerpo A substance produced by the body to fight off germs. Sustancia producida por el cuerpo para atacar gérmenes. Show Definition

36 weaning destetar Changing from drinking from the bottle or breast to a cup. Pasar de tomar del biberón o del seno a una taza o vaso. Show Definition

37 Alimentación inadecuada.
malnutrition desnutrición Inadequate nutrition. Alimentación inadecuada. Show Definition

38 A skin condition known for yellowish, crusty patches on the scalp.
cradle cap costra láctea A skin condition known for yellowish, crusty patches on the scalp. Afección de la piel que se caracteriza por costras amarillentas en el cuero cabelludo. Show Definition

39 diaper rash pañalitis A condition that includes patches of rough, red, irritated skin in the diaper area. Afección que se caracteriza por irritaciones rojas en la piel en la zona donde va el pañal. Show Definition

40 The process of the teeth pushing their way through the gums.
teething dentición The process of the teeth pushing their way through the gums. El proceso en que los dientes empujan para salir a través de las encías. Show Definition

41 immunization inmunización
A shot of a small amount of a dead or weak disease-carrying germ given so that the body can build up resistance to the disease. Inyección de una pequeña cantidad de un germen muerto o débil para que el cuerpo tenga resistencia a la enfermedad. Show Definition

42 vaccine vacuna A disease-carrying germ that usually is injected in the body to build resistance to a disease. Germen que generalmente se inyecta en el cuerpo para crear resistencia contra la enfermedad que el germen causa en condiciones normales. Show Definition

43 makeup composición Structure or arrangement.
Estructura u organización. Show Definition

44 accommodate acomodar To make room for. Hacer espacio para.
Show Definition

45 Irritar o causar molestia a otra persona.
aggravate exasperar To anger or irritate. Irritar o causar molestia a otra persona. Show Definition

46 To limit or control something. Limitar o controlar algo.
curb frenar To limit or control something. Limitar o controlar algo. Show Definition

47 designate designar To specify or choose. Especificar o escoger.
Show Definition

48 To appear out of or from behind something.
emerge surgir To appear out of or from behind something. Aparecer o salir de, o por detrás, de algo. Show Definition

49 Physical Development of Infants
End of Chapter 7 Physical Development of Infants home glencoe.com


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