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Las regiones y los idiomas de España

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Presentation on theme: "Las regiones y los idiomas de España"— Presentation transcript:

1 Las regiones y los idiomas de España

2 4th most spoken language
Datos importante 4th most spoken language 1.2 billion persons speak Chinese 508 million speak English 497 speak Hindi 392 million speak Spanish

3 4th language most geographically widely spoken
Datos importantes 4th language most geographically widely spoken 112 countries English 60 countries French 57 countries Arabic 44 countries Spanish

4 Influences on the language
After Latin, the language that has had the biggest influence on Spanish is Arabic. Today, the foreign language exerting the most influence is English, and Spanish has adopted hundreds of English words related to technology and culture.

5 Words from Arabic espinaca — spinach fulano — what's-his-name
guitarra — guitar harén — harem hasta — until imán — imam islam — Islam albacora — albacore albahaca — basil alcatraz — pelican alcázar — fortress, palace alcoba — bedroom, alcove alcohol — alcohol alfombra — carpet algodón — cotton algoritmo — algorithm almacén — storage almirante — admiral macabro — macabre masacre — massacre masaje — massage mezquita — mosque momia — mummy mono — monkey

6 Los 4 idiomas de España Euskera – Basque Castellano – Spanish
Gallego- Galician Catalán - Catalan

7 Regiones de los 4 idiomas

8 Euskera Euskara is easily the most unusual language of Spain — and an unusual language for Europe as well, since it doesn't fit in the Indo-European family of languages that includes Spanish as well as French, English and the other Romance and Germanic languages. Euskara is the language spoken by the Basque people, an ethnic group in both Spain and France that has its own identity as well as separatist sentiments on both sides of the Franco-Spanish border. About 600,000 speak Euskara, sometimes known as Basque, as a first language.

9 Euskera What makes Euskara linguistically interesting is that it has not been shown conclusively to be related to any other language. In any case, it is likely that Euskara, or least the language it developed from, has been in the area for thousands of years, and at one time it was spoken in a much larger region.

10 Euskara influence on Spanish and English
The most common English word that comes from Euskara is "silhouette," the French spelling of a Basque surname. The most common Spanish word that came from Euskara is izquierda, "left."

11 Pronunciación del Euskera
TX igual que la CH española X igual que la "sh" inglesa. S igual que la "s" del norte de España. En el mismo sitio, escoja el símbolo [s]. Z igual que la "s" del sur de España; [s].* TZ es simplemente una [t] seguida de una [s], pronunciadas juntas y rápidamente.

12 Euskera kaixo (hello) eskerrik asko (thank you) bai (yes) ez (no)
etxe (house) esnea (milk) bat (one) jatetxea (restaurant)

13 Catalán Catalan is spoken not only in Spain, but also in parts of Andorra (where it is the national language), France and Sardinia in Italy. Catalan looks something like a cross between Spanish and French, although it is a major language in its own right and, some say, may be more similar to Italian than it is to Spanish. About 4 million people use Catalan as a first language, with about that many also speaking it as a second language.

14 Catalán Its alphabet is similar to that of English, although it also includes a Ç. Vowels can take both grave and acute accents (as in à and á, respectively) Grave accents are used in French and make the vowel sound more rounded. Acute is used in Spanish to show the stressed syllable. Conjugation is quite similar to Spanish's.

15 Catalán sí (yes) si us plau (please) què tal? (how are you?)
cantar (to sing) cotxe (car) l'home (the man) llengua, llengo (language) mitjanit (midnight)

16 Gallego Galician has strong similarities to Portuguese, especially in vocabulary and syntax. It developed along with Portuguese until the 14th century, when a split developed, largely for political reasons.

17 Gallego About 4 million people speak Galician, 3 million of them in Spain, the rest in Portugal with a few communities in Latin America.

18 Gallego Galician: polo (chicken) día (day) ovo (egg) amar (love)
si (yes) nom (no) ola (hello) amigo/amiga (friend) cuarto de baño baño (bathroom) comida (food)

19 Castilian Spanish vs. Latin American Spanish
Castilian Spanish or castellano comes from the Castilla Region of Spain – central Spain. To the people who speak it, Spanish is sometimes called español and sometimes castellano (the Spanish equivalent of "Castilian"). The labels used vary from region to region and sometimes according to political viewpoint

20 Real Academia Española
The Royal Spanish Academy (Real Academia Española), created in the 18th century, is widely considered the arbiter of what is considered standard Spanish. It produces authoritative dictionaries and grammar guides. Although its decisions do not have the force of law, they are widely followed in both Spain and Latin America. Among the language reforms promoted by the Academy have been the use of the inverted question mark and exclamation point (¿ and ¡). Although they have been used by people who speak some of the non-Spanish languages of Spain, they are otherwise unique to the Spanish language. Similarly unique to Spanish and a few local languages that have copied it is the ñ, which became standardized around the 14th century.

21 English vs. Spanish Spanish and English share much of their vocabulary through cognates, as both languages derive many of their words from Latin and Arabic. The biggest differences in the grammar of the two languages include Spanish's use of gender, a more extensive verb conjugation and the widespread use of the subjunctive mood.


23 Euskera R2NrKVdI Biarritz
x8xhc1m8 (Lila Downs)

24 JVx9_3fze8
Catalán Gisela JVx9_3fze8

25 Castellano

26 Gallego

27 24052713
Catalán in the news

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