Presentation on theme: "What Everyone Ought to Know About"— Presentation transcript:
1 What Everyone Ought to Know About The Cambridge StudentAdina Chapman | Recognition Manager | Cambridge Assessment, Inc.Megan McWenie | Manager, Education Innovation and Student Success | Center for the Future of ArizonaBob Meuler | Senior Manager, West USA | Cambridge Assessment, Inc.
2 Presentation outline: Cambridge’s international reach and Arizona contextCambridge’s education philosophy and academic programsHow higher education recognizes CambridgeHow Cambridge communicates student performance to higher educationHow can Cambridge and CFA support you?
3 Cambridge’s international reach and Arizona context
4 Cambridge Assessment - a department of the University of Cambridge We prepare school students for life, helping them develop an informed curiosity and a lasting passion for learningWe are at the heart of a global learning community including more than 10,000 schools, including the USWe work in partnership with educators worldwide, including 40 national governments and education reform projectsE.g. Singapore New ZealandWe have seen double digit growth per year over he last 5 years and have recently invested further in USA expansion
5 Cambridge worldwide 10,000 schools 160 countries 40 governments Our global community of Cambridge schools are spread all around the world – the areas in green on the map.Around half of our schools work directly with us. The other half work with us through governments – and we work with governments in over 40 countries and more than 30 ministries of education.So Cambridge is not only the world’s largest provider of international education programmes and qualifications for 5 to 19 year olds. We see Cambridge as a unique worldwide learning community.10,000 schools160 countries40 governments
6 Cambridge Across in the USA SpokaneFederal WayBethelAdvanced (AICE)SecondaryPrimaryFerndale SDMAJersey City SDCTPrince William County SDDEDCMDCharlotte Mecklenburg SDMetro Nashville SDMiami Dade SDPalm Beach County SDBroward SDBrevard SD..many othersASU Prep AcademiesDysart Unified School DistrictImagine SchoolsYuma Union High School District…many othersConfidential Draft: Not for distribution
7 Cambridge in Arizona Amphitheater Public Schools ASU Preparatory AcademiesASU Gary K. Herberger Young Scholars AcademyDysart Unified School DistrictImagine SchoolsKingman Unified School DistrictMesa Public SchoolsSanta Cruz Unified School DistrictSySTEM SchoolsWickenburg Unified School DistrictYuma Union High School District
8 35,000+ Students impacted since Fall 2011 Cambridge in Arizona35, Students impacted since Fall 201125, Rigorous, performance-based Cambridge high school assessments across all subject areas taken by students since Spring 2012175 Teacher professional development events impacting more than 600 teachersStudents who have earned the performance-based Arizona Grand Canyon High School Diploma129 Students who earned 150 prestigious Cambridge Learner Awards at 10 different Arizona schools since 2015
9 Cambridge in ArizonaAn innovative, performance-based approach to high school – Move On When ReadyMove On When Ready provides a personalized pathway to high school graduation for every individual learner that results in readiness for college level work.Cambridge provides an aligned instructional system—the high expectations curriculum, high quality assessments, and aligned teacher development—that makes these personalized pathways possible.
10 Cambridge in ArizonaMaking the shift to mastery and competency, not seat time – Grand Canyon High School DiplomaAuthorized by legislation in 2014, the Grand Canyon High School Diploma is available to Arizona students who demonstrate college and career readiness on a series of curriculum-based Cambridge IGCSE exams across subjects before they leave high school.Earning the Grand Canyon High School Diploma means that a student is academically prepared to take college level courses without remediation.
11 Cambridge’s educational philosophy and academic programs
12 A learner-centered approach Our programs provide students with the foundation to achieve high levels of academic and personal learning in an engaging way. Together with schools, we aim to develop students and teachers who are:Confident in working with information and ideas – their own and of othersResponsible for themselves, responsive to and respectful of othersReflective as learners, developing their ability to learnInnovative and equipped for new and future challengesEngaged intellectually and socially, and ready to make a difference
13 Thought-Provoking Exams Reliable grading, standardized internationallyFlexible for schools to provide different optionsRigorous questions requiring more than rote-memoryMost exams are written essays, requiring development of thought and argumentationGradually remove scaffolding throughout questionsRequire the application of knowledge in unfamiliar contextsEncourage connections to be made between topic areas or conceptsGraded by external evaluators only in the UK. No components graded by teachers (unlike IB)Draconian test securityCore vs. extended options; AS- Alevel depending on student’s intended further course of study and strengthsNo multiple choice
14 Future - USA HS teacher and college faculty scoring Assessments developed yearly and graded by college faculty and other writersCambridge assessment model enables the flexibility to provide resources to districts and schools including:Past Question PapersMark Schemes (Rubrics/Scoring Guidelines)Reporting for TeachersGrade ThresholdsExaminer reports and feedback webinarsStudent ScoresWorldwide score distributionsFuture - USA HS teacher and college faculty scoringSyllabus updated annuallyNew questions and grade rubrics developed for every exam session (takes about 2 years to create a test paper) – mark schemes different for every subject and exam session depending on difficultyAll of this is transparent to schools and teachers. Resources and feedback is provided to enable them to improve teaching
15 Cambridge programmes and qualifications CurriculumCurriculum is at the heart of the learning experience a school offers its learners, and at the heart of the mission and vision of the school. Each Cambridge curriculum develops learners' understanding, knowledge and skills.ClassroomClassroom support and guidance helps teachers and learners perform to their maximum ability. We offer world-class teacher and learner resources, including expert training and support resources.QualificationsCambridge qualifications provide learners with a global passport to success. We offer reliable, rigorous and flexible assessment, leading to internationally recognised qualifications.CommunityOur global learning community of Cambridge schools, teachers and learners brings people closer together to share best practice and ideas and drive excellence in education.We offer full support, designed carefully around the curriculum, qualifications, classroom resources and the needs of our global learning community.
16 Cambridge IGCSEAn IGCSE course, typically offered in 9th and 10th grade (ages but varies by country), provides each student with the knowledge, concepts, and skills they need to engage in a higher level of learning.College-readiness program of study designed to prepare students for the next stage of learning—Cambridge AS/A Levels, Advanced Placement, Career and Technical Education, entry level college coursesEnables a variety of routes for all abilitiesGives schools opportunities to be flexible and enhance other curriculumFoundation curriculum (core)Extended curriculumCross-curricular perspectivesInternational in outlook with local relevanceOver 70 subjects, including 30 languages5 IGCSE/Olevels with a grade C or above considered equivalent to American HS diploma by credential evaluators
17 IGCSE Grade ScaleIGCSEUS Grade *(US-UK Fulbright)US GPA*A*A+4.0+A4.0BB+3.3C3.0DC+2.3E2.0FD+1.3G1.0U1) IGCSE and O-level difference is primarily in the name (O-level is the older name retained in places like Singapore and Pakistan)2) Two additional grade – lower passing mark threshold on IGCSE3) If student takes only core paper – they can’t get a grade higher than C even if they have the perfect score; designed for struggling learners4) Combined and Coordinated Science – single and double awards – depends on whether student intends to study science at A-level.Core ONLY – easier paper, fewer questions: max. grade band CExtended subject – more challenging paper, more questions, max. grade band A*Mark scheme set to C standard
18 Cambridge programmes and qualifications CurriculumCurriculum is at the heart of the learning experience a school offers its learners, and at the heart of the mission and vision of the school. Each Cambridge curriculum develops learners' understanding, knowledge and skills.ClassroomClassroom support and guidance helps teachers and learners perform to their maximum ability. We offer world-class teacher and learner resources, including expert training and support resources.QualificationsCambridge qualifications provide learners with a global passport to success. We offer reliable, rigorous and flexible assessment, leading to internationally recognised qualifications.CommunityOur global learning community of Cambridge schools, teachers and learners brings people closer together to share best practice and ideas and drive excellence in education.We offer full support, designed carefully around the curriculum, qualifications, classroom resources and the needs of our global learning community.
19 Cambridge International Advanced Subsidiary (AS) and Advanced (A) Levels Allows learners to achieve breadth of study and depth of content, developing highly engaged, independent learnersEstablished and well known around the world360 guided learning hours for A-level over 2 years180 guided learning hours for AS over 1 year6 passing grades A*-E, plus UngradedLinear/staged examinationsProvides schools with flexibility to create individualized curriculum to meet local classroom interestsChoice of over 55 subjects which may provide advanced higher education placement creditEntry level college courses in a high school settingbecause AP is ~140/150 hours and IB HL are 240 teacher hoursAligned to UK Alevel standardsLinear vs. modular: one high stakes exam at the end. No module exams or module retakes. (Pearson Edexcel). Staged means there is an AS exam halfway through the course (at the end of 11th grade).Current reforms in UK are doing away with AS, however colleges like to see as supporting evidence for predicted Alevel grades, so Cambridge has no plans to remove it.Coursework NOT included in final grade
20 Assessment options for AS and A Levels Cambridge International A Levels are linear in structure, that is examinations at the end of the year; however, students can choose from a range of assessment options:they can take all papers of the Cambridge International A Level course in the same examination session, usually at the end of the second year of study, ortake a ‘staged’ assessment route – that is, take the Cambridge International AS Level in Year 1 and in Year 2, complete the final Cambridge International A Level at a subsequent session.Candidates can also take the Cambridge International AS Level only. The syllabus content for Cambridge International AS Level is half of a Cambridge International A Level programme. Candidates who take Cambridge International AS Level first and then want to retake it, must generally retake the whole of the Cambridge International AS Level.The staged assessment route is not possible in all subjects. The outcomes awarded for Cambridge International AS Level language syllabuses cannot be carried forward to A Level. It is also not possible to take only A2 examinations since the A2 units do not form a stand-alone qualification, being only the second half of a Cambridge International A Level.We already follow a linear assessment model and we shall retain the option of Cambridge International AS Level counting towards Cambridge International A Level, as this route continues to be highly valued by universities worldwide.Most students take three or four subjects at A level20
21 AICE Diploma Requirements Advanced International Certificate of Education (AICE) Diploma programAICE Diploma RequirementsCombines breadth of study with choice and flexibilitySelection comes from three curriculum areas and one CoreTotal of 7 points required: at least one from Groups 1-3; one from Core; three from learner’s choicePassing scores are required on all exams to receive DiplomaGroup 1:Science and MathAt least 1 pointCore: Global Perspectives and ResearchGroup 2: Languages4 Required+3 Choice =7 pointsAt least 1 pointGroup 4: Interdisciplinary Skills Based CoursesOptional: Max of 2 pointsGroup 3: Arts and HumanitiesAt least 1 pointRequired: 1 point
22 AS/A-Level Grading Scale US Grade*(US-UK Fulbright)US GPA*A*A+4.0+Aa4.0BbB+3.3Cc3.0DdC+2.3Ee2.0UngradedungradedFAS/Alevel letter grades can be converted to a US-style grade in this manner according to credential evaluatorsHOWEVER, the true meaning of a letter grade is a standard achieved: students' proficiency on well-defined course objectives “Vertical” standards-based grading: range of content and skill exhibited on assessmentNOT exam marks converted to percentages
23 Cambridge Global Perspectives and Research (GPR) All Levels Cambridge Global Perspectives and Research (GPR) constitutes compulsory core of AICE diplomaTaught as two successive one-year courses - Global Perspectives (a taught course) and a Research ReportExcellent preparation for undergraduate study - gives real evidence of independent, critical thinkingPrimary, Secondary 1, IGCSE 9th/10th, AS/A Level 11th/12th
24 AS/A-Level Global Perspectives and Research Critical thinking and research skills taught through an exploration of a broad range of global issuesScience & TechnologyPoliticsEthicsEnvironmentCultureEconomicsGlobal TopicExample Topic: To what extent is social media considered anti-social? “We particularly value the independence of thought, critical thinking and research and inquiry skills that GPR develops, and believe that it is a promising addition to the courses of study that prepare students well for post-secondary education” – Stuart Schumill, MIT Dean of Admission24
26 Universities recognize Cambridge in different ways Cambridge in ArizonaUniversities recognize Cambridge in different waysAdmissionsProcedures might vary for domestic vs. international studentsCredit by ExaminationAwarding credit based on AS/A Level exam performanceStudent IncentivesScholarships, preferred admissions, Honors college entrance
27 Online University Recognitions Database Cambridge has a university recognitions database with credit and placement policies established at universities across the USARecognition at over 500 colleges and universities in the US, including the SUNY and University of California systems, NYU, Columbia, Cornell, Fordham, all Florida colleges and universities, all Arizona public universities, Yale, Harvard, Duke, etc.Online University Recognitions Database
31 Arizona recognitions - admissions Cambridge in ArizonaArizona recognitions - admissionsASU recognized IGCSE courses as meeting specific ABOR core competency requirements for English, math, science, social studies, fine arts, and foreign language in 2014See “Cambridge Course Summary” at
32 Arizona recognitions – credit by exam Cambridge in ArizonaArizona recognitions – credit by examASU, NAU and UA all established AS/A Level credit-by- examination policies in 2014 or 2015ASU:NAU:UA:AzTransfer Course Equivalency Guide:
34 Statement of ResultsA statement of results is provided for each candidate.The statement provides:candidate’s number and centre numberlist of subjects with unique syllabus code for each subjectgrades achieved in each subjecta percentage uniform mark for some countries from June 2010For Group Award candidates, the statement will show the result achieved in the ICE or AICE (Diploma) Group Award
35 Sample certificate: Cambridge International AS and A Level WatermarkUpper and Lower case reporting of grades achievedNumber of subjectsSignature of VC of University of CambridgeHologramSerial numberOther hidden security features are also present on official Cambridge documentation
36 CIE Direct- verify students’ results online to request a ‘University access to Cambridge results online application form’
37 Timeline for Results 2 Exam Cycles Per Year Mid-August ResultsOctober Student CertificatesMay/June ExamsMid-January ResultsMarch Student CertificatesOct/Nov Exams
39 How can Cambridge and CFA support you? Cambridge in ArizonaHow can Cambridge and CFA support you?What information do university officials need from Cambridge?Are there ways that Arizona Cambridge schools should be documenting Cambridge participation on high school transcripts?Are there barriers for Cambridge students transitioning successfully to community colleges or university that we can address?
40 CONTACTFor credit and recognition worldwide: For Higher Education Institutions in North America: For K-12 Districts and Schools: For Move On When Ready and Arizona Partnerships:
42 Arizona Grand Canyon High School Diploma Cambridge Exams and Course AreasCollege-Ready Qualification ScoreGrand Canyon Diploma Requirements: Students must earn the college-ready qualification score on five (5) exams, successfully complete seven (7) exams, and successfully complete fine art/CTE and economics courses.IGCSE English First Language (Extended)BMeet the college-ready qualification score.IGCSE Mathematics (Extended)CIGCSE BiologyIGCSE ChemistryIGCSE PhysicsIGCSE Coord. Sci. *Meet the college-ready qualification score on 1 science exam.Reach a passing score of G or above on 1 additional science exam.IGCSE World HistoryIGCSE American HistoryMeet the college-ready qualification score on 1 history exam.Reach a passing score of G or above on 1 additional history exam.Meet the college-ready qualification score of “C” on 1 additional Cambridge IGCSE exam from English Literature, the sciences**, or history exam areas.Fine Art or Career and Technical Education (CTE)GMeet the college-ready qualification score on IGCSE Art & Design, IGCSE Drama, or IGCSE Music or successful completion of a local course.EconomicsLocal courseSuccessfully complete a local course (½ credit).
43 Grand Canyon High School Diploma in Arizona Statute "Grand Canyon diploma" means a high school diploma that is offered to any student who demonstrates readiness for college level mathematics and English according to standards prescribed by an interstate compact on board examination systems, who has passing grades on an additional set of required approved board examinations in core academic courses as determined by the state board of education, including the arts, history and science, and who successfully completes a course in economics. A.R.S. § "Readiness for college level mathematics and English" means that a student has the English and mathematics skills and knowledge needed to succeed in college level courses that count toward a degree or certificate without taking remedial or developmental coursework. A.R.S. § Pupils who earn a Grand Canyon Diploma are entitled to all the rights and privileges of a person who graduates with a high school diploma issued pursuant to this section, including access to postsecondary scholarships and other forms of student financial aid and access to all forms of postsecondary education. A.R.S. § (L)
44 Cambridge IGCSE Performance at Arizona Move On When Ready Schools
45 Cambridge IGCSE Performance at Arizona Move On When Ready Schools
46 Cambridge IGCSE Performance at Arizona Move On When Ready Schools
47 Cambridge AS/A Level Performance at Arizona Move On When Ready Schools
48 Cambridge AS/A Level Performance at Arizona Move On When Ready Schools
49 Cambridge AS/A Level Performance at Arizona Move On When Ready Schools
50 Top 10 countries for Cambridge IGCSE and O Level Cambridge O LevelUKSingaporeEgyptPakistanIndiaMauritiusUAEBruneiChinaMaldivesZimbabweBangladeshMalaysiaSri LankaSaudi ArabiaNigeriaArgentinaIndonesiaZambia
51 An Excellent Foundation IGCSEO-levelA-level3-4 subjectsIBDP6 subjects + CAS+EEAICE (AS/A)3-6 subjectsHybrid/APdepends on schoolYear 12 (13)Year 11(12)Year 10(11)Year 9(10)Possible academic paths – typical of international studentsUS students – IGCSE courses can be found as honors-level 9th and 10th grade courses, or used as HS diploma requirements (as in AZ).
52 Top 10 countries for Cambridge International AS & A Level PakistanMauritiusMalaysiaUSAChinaBruneiNew ZealandZimbabweIndiaNepal
53 Cambridge AICE Diploma Subject Groupings Other subjects to note : Classical Studies; Travel and Tourism; General Paper – a Writing exam that requires student to read about issues cross curricular in nature e.g. genetics research and the ethics of designer babies and present the various views in writing in addition to stating and supporting their own opinion
54 Cambridge AICE comparisons to other Advanced Programs Brief Description:This study compares the effects of AICE participation to AP, IB, and matched students who did not earn credit through an advanced program on freshman year GPA.Sample Size and Characteristics:The sample included more than 8,500 students who entered FSU during the academic years ofKey Finding:Cambridge AICE students earned higher freshman year GPA compared to AP and IB students, and all three groups earned higher freshman year GPA compared to matched students who did not earn credit through an advanced program.Shaw, S., & Bailey, C. (2011). Success in the US: Are Cambridge International Assessments Good Preparation for University Study? Journal of College Admission, (Fall 2011), 6–16.
55 Communication & Collaboration Cambridge critical pathGathering, synthesising and communicating informationCollaborating with others to achieve a common outcomeAnalysing and evaluating planning, processes and outcomesDeveloping and justifying a line of reasoningDeconstructionReconstructionReflectionanalyze evidence & argumentsrebuild the contextconsider changes topersonal perspectiveAn innovative approach to supporting students to think critically – through the skills of analysis, evaluation and synthesis.Communication & CollaborationFormulate, present and discuss an argumentSupports 21st Century Skills & Common Core
56 Higher Education Higher Education Feedback on Cambridge Support from Higher Education in the development of curriculum and examsStrategic input on new or improved programs and services provided by the Cambridge Higher Education Advisory Council (HEAC), a committee consisting of members from top US universitiesHigher Education Feedback on Cambridge“Students we have who have taken Cambridge International A Levels do very well at our campus. They are very well-prepared for our curriculum and we find that they have a lot of confidence, but also that they have a good deep subject knowledge, (and) the ability to think critically and well.” Stuart Schmill, Dean of Admissions, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)“We think the Cambridge curriculum is superb preparation for university.” Christoph Guttentag, Dean of Undergraduate Admissions, Duke University“We believe that Cambridge International AS and A Level examinations are excellent preparation for students to take the next step in the path of lifelong learning.” Mary Adams, Associate Director of Admissions, Pennsylvania State University- Higher ed faculty in US, UK, Canada and Australia consulted each time a subject syllabus is modified to ensure students are sufficiently prepared for college- Cambridge periodically visits the US: in 2015 Cambridge mathematicians visited Yale and Umichigan to consult on subject development
57 What about Percentage Uniform Marks (PUMs)? GradePUMA*90-100A80-89 (excellent)B70-79 (very good)C60 – 69 (good)D50-59 (satisfactory)E40-49 (pass)UngradedSub-40Represents where student falls closest to a grade thresholdEx.: 82% means student is between A and A* but closer to ADOES NOT represent actual numerical marksE, C, and A standard set for each exam. Marks needed to reach each standard vary by difficulty of exam.
58 Ministries of Education - working in partnership Work with MoEs to provide national curriculum & assessments e.g. Mauritius School Certificate and Higher School CertificateProvide syllabuses that support the national curriculum in countries such as Singapore, Bermuda, Maldives, Tonga, etc.Validate local exams e.g. Singapore, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho & MalaysiaWork to support education projects (reforms) e.g. in BahrainKazakhstan, Mongolia, Egypt & MacedoniaCurrently developing first-language Cambridge IGCSE Bahasa Indonesia for state schools in Indonesia, where many schools are currently adopting the Cambridge curriculum.MES (Mauritius Examinations Syndicate) but they are part of the MoEMore in future: MaltaSkills transfer – will take time – 10 year or more contractsInvolves training teachers, developing supportive school textbooksWorking to set up local assessment systems:Offer a wide range of professional development and training services for teachers and school leaders
59 Singapore – Cambridge Curriculum Co-operation between Cambridge International Examinations, Ministry of Education and Singapore Examination and Assessment Board (SEAB)A rigorous, holistic education with compulsory subjects(Mother Tongue Language, Project Work, General Paper/Knowledge & Inquiry) plus minimum 4 content based subjects including a contrasting subjectA LevelQualificationUK equivalentHigher 1 (H1)AS LevelHigher 2 (H2)A levelHigher 3 (H3)Old S level/UGH1/H2ABCDESUngradedH3DistinctionMeritPassUngraded
60 Recognition Database Hits Update to include July and August Val
61 Universities and Colleges Admission Service(UCAS) Alignment of Scores for Common Assessments based on Tariff Point AllocationA LevelsAS LevelsIB Higher LevelsIB Standard LevelsAdvanced Placement (A Subject List)Advanced Placement (B Subject List)Advanced Placement Subject GroupingsA BUCAS PointsExam GradeBiologyArt History140A*Calculus ABStudio Art (Drawing Portfolio)1307Calculus BCStudio Art (2-D Design Portfolio)120A5ChemistryChineseStudio Art (3-D Design Portfolio)1106Physics (as half courses B and C)Computer Science A100BEnglish Literature and CompositionEnvironmental Science904English Language and CompositionGovernment and Politics: Comparative80CFrench LanguageGovernment and Politics: United States70Human Geography60D3German LanguageMacroeconomics59ItalianJapaneseMicroeconomics50LatinMusic Theory43Spanish LanguagePsychology40ESpanish LiteratureStatistics35European History30United States History27World History20112,1Study developed in collaboration with Cambridge, IB and AP to assist UK Universities in aligning the 3 College Level Programs taken by HS students---- using a points systems where points are assigned at different grades for the programs-- several subjects were compared in content and skill development (eg. Alevel vs. IBHL math, chemistry, geography) in 2006-- tariff will change in 2017: will not change much for Alevel and IB, but AP will drop to be equivalent to AS/IBSL