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Unité 2: La santé. A reflexive verb usually describes what a person does to or for himself or herself. In other words, it reflects the action of the verb.

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Presentation on theme: "Unité 2: La santé. A reflexive verb usually describes what a person does to or for himself or herself. In other words, it reflects the action of the verb."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unité 2: La santé

2 A reflexive verb usually describes what a person does to or for himself or herself. In other words, it reflects the action of the verb back to the subject. Reflexive verbs always use reflexive pronouns. ex. André se rase à huit heures.

3 se laver (to wash oneself) jeme laveI wash (myself) tu te lavesYou wash (yourself) il/elle/onse lavehe/she/it washes (himself/herself/itself) nousnous lavonswe wash (ourselves) vousvous lavezyou wash (yourself/yourselves) ils/ellesse laventthey wash (themselves)

4 The pronoun se before an infinitive identifies the verb as reflexive: se laver When a reflexive verb is conjugated, the reflexive pronoun agrees with the subject. Except for se, reflexive pronouns have the same forms as direct and indirect object pronouns; se is used for both singular and plural 3 rd person subjects.

5 Tu te couches. (Youre going to bed) Je me maquille aussi. (I put on makeup too) Les enfants se réveillent. (The children wake up) Nous nous levons très tôt. (We get up very early)

6 Note that the reflexive pronouns nous and vous are identical to the corresponding subject pronouns. Nous nous regardons dans le miroir. (We look at ourselves in the mirror) Vous habillez-vous déjà? (Are you getting dressed already?)

7 se brosser les cheveux se brosser les dents se coiffer se coucher se déshabiller sendormir shabiller se laver (les mains) se lever se maquiller se raser se regarder se réveiller se sécher

8 Sendormir is conjugated like dormir. Se lever and se sécher follow the same spelling- change patterns as acheter and espérer, respectively. Il sendort tôt. (He falls asleep early) Tu te lèves à quelle heure? (What time do you get up?) Elles se sèchent. (They dry off)

9 Some verbs can be used both reflexively and non-reflexively. If the verb acts upon something other than the subject, the non- reflexive form is used. La mère se réveille à sept heures. Ensuite, elle réveille son fils. (The mother wakes up at 7 oclock. Then, she wakes her son up.) Je me lave les mains. Ensuite, je lave la vaiselle. (I wash my hands, then I wash the dishes.)

10 When a body part is the direct object of a reflexive verb, it is usually preceded by a definite article. Vous vous lavez les mains. Je ne me brosses pas les dents.

11 You form the imperative (command form) of a reflexive verb as you would a non-reflexive verb. Add the reflexive pronoun to the end of an affirmative command. In negative commands, place the reflexive pronoun between ne and the verb. (Remember to change me/te to moi/toi in affirmative command.) Réveille-toi, Bruno! but Ne te réveille pas! Lave-toi les mains! Assieds-toi!

12 Youve learned that reflexive verbs reflect the action back to the subject. Some reflexive verbs, however, do not literally express a reflexive meaning.

13 samuser sappeler sarrêter sasseoir se dépêcher se détendre se disputer (avec) sénerver sennuyer bien sentendre (avec) sinquiéter to play; to have fun to be called to stop to sit down to hurry to relax to argue (with) to get worked up, to become upset to get bored to get along (with) to worry

14 sintéresser (à) se mettre à se mettre en colère soccuper (de) se préparer se promener se rendre compte (de/que) se reposer se souvenir (de) se tromper se trouver to be interested (in) to begin to to become angry to take care of, to keep oneself busy to get ready to take a walk to realize to rest to remember to be mistaken to be located

15 Sennuyer has the same spelling changes as envoyer. Se promener and sinquiéter have the same spelling changes as acheter and espérer, respectively. Je mennuie à mourir aujourdhui (Im bored to death today.) On se promène dans le parc (We take a walk in the park.) Ils sinquiètenet pour leur fille. (They worry about their daughter.) Se souvenir is conjugated like venir. Souviens-toi de son anniversaire! (Remember her birthday) Nous nous souvenons de cette date. (We remember that date)

16 Note the spelling changes of sappeler in the present tense. je mappellenous nous appelons tu tappellesvous vous appelez il/elle sappelleils/elles sappellent Note the irregular conjugation of the verb sasseoir. je massiedsnous nous asseyons tu tassiedsvous vous asseyez il/elle sassiedils/elles sasseyent

17 Many idiomatical reflexive expressions can be used alone, with a preposition, or with the conjunction que. Tu te trompes (Youre wrong) Il se trompe toujours de date. (Hes always mixing up the date) Marlène sénerve facilement. (Marlène gets mad easily.) Marlène sénerve contre Thierry. (Marlène gets mad at Thierry.) Ils se souviennent de ton anniversaire. (They remember your birthday.) Je me souviens que tu mas téléphoné. (I remember you phoned me.)


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