Presentation on theme: "PrÉpositions avec le temps"— Presentation transcript:
1 PrÉpositions avec le temps DEPUIS, PENDANT, & IL Y A
2 The French prepositions depuis, pendant, and—far less commonly—pour each express the duration of an event a little differently, with the result that many English speakers mix up depuis and pendant and overuse pour.
3 DEPUISDepuis means "since" or "for." It is used with a French verb in the present tense to talk about an action that began in the past and continues in the present.
4 ExEmplesDepuis quand étudiez-vous le français ? How long have you studied French?
5 ExEmples J'étudie le français depuis 3 ans. I've studied French for 3 years (and still do).
6 Exemples J'étudie le français depuis I've been studying French since 2009.
7 pendantPendant means "for" and refers to the entire duration of an action in the past or future, with no relation to the present.
8 exemplesPendant combien de temps avez-vous étudié le français ? How long did you study French?
9 exemplesJ'ai étudié le français pendant 3 ans. I studied French for 3 years (and then stopped).
10 exemples Je vais habiter en France pendant 2 mois. I'm going to live in France for 2 months.
11 PendantPendant followed by a noun means "during." In this sense, it is synonymous with durant.
12 exemplesJ'ai vu un film pendant mon séjour. I saw a film during my stay. Pendant ce temps, il m'attendait. During this time, he waited for me.
13 Il y a…“Il y a” means "ago" and can only be used for things that are already completed. The verb in the sentence must be in the past and il y a must be followed by some reference to time.
14 exemples Je suis arrivée il y a une heure. I arrived an hour ago. Il a parlé il y a 5 minutes. He spoke 5 minutes ago. Il y a deux jours, j'ai vu un chat noir. Two days ago, I saw a black cat.
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