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PrÉpositions avec le temps

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Presentation on theme: "PrÉpositions avec le temps"— Presentation transcript:

1 PrÉpositions avec le temps

2 The French prepositions depuis, pendant, and—far less commonly—pour each express the duration of an event a little differently, with the result that many English speakers mix up depuis and pendant and overuse pour.

3 DEPUIS Depuis means "since" or "for." It is used with a French verb in the present tense to talk about an action that began in the past and continues in the present.

4 ExEmples Depuis quand étudiez-vous le français ?    How long have you studied French?

5 ExEmples    J'étudie le français depuis 3 ans.    I've studied French for 3 years (and still do).

6 Exemples    J'étudie le français depuis    I've been studying French since 2009.

7 pendant Pendant means "for" and refers to the entire duration of an action in the past or future, with no relation to the present.

8 exemples Pendant combien de temps avez-vous étudié le français ?      How long did you study French?

9 exemples J'ai étudié le français pendant 3 ans.    I studied French for 3 years (and then stopped).

10 exemples    Je vais habiter en France pendant 2 mois.    I'm going to live in France for 2 months.

11 Pendant Pendant followed by a noun means "during." In this sense, it is synonymous with durant.

12 exemples J'ai vu un film pendant mon séjour.     I saw a film during my stay.  Pendant ce temps, il m'attendait.     During this time, he waited for me.

13 Il y a… “Il y a” means "ago" and can only be used for things that are already completed. The verb in the sentence must be in the past and il y a must be followed by some reference to time.

14 exemples Je suis arrivée il y a une heure. I arrived an hour ago.
 Il a parlé il y a 5 minutes.     He spoke 5 minutes ago.    Il y a deux jours, j'ai vu un chat noir.     Two days ago, I saw a black cat.

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