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FP7 /1 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG CNE Madrid 30 Enero 2007 Pablo Fernández Ruiz Director Investigación Energía-(Euratom) Comisión Europea La contribución.

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Presentation on theme: "FP7 /1 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG CNE Madrid 30 Enero 2007 Pablo Fernández Ruiz Director Investigación Energía-(Euratom) Comisión Europea La contribución."— Presentation transcript:

1 FP7 /1 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG CNE Madrid 30 Enero 2007 Pablo Fernández Ruiz Director Investigación Energía-(Euratom) Comisión Europea La contribución de la Ciencia, la Tecnología y la Innovacion a la Sostenibilidad de la Energía en la UE

2 FP7 /2 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Contenido Retos para la energia en la UE y a nivel global: el paquete de Energía propuesto por la CE Rol de la I+D+i en las politicas comunitarias -El objetivo de Lisboa y el Espacio Europeo de La Investigación La Energia en el 7° programa Marco de Investigación Europeo Nuevos instrumentos para una I+D mas coordinada y eficiente Plan Tecnológico Estratégico Energético Europeo Resumen y Conclusiones

3 FP7 /3 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG La Energia Hoy dia La energia soporta toda actividad economica. El ciudadano Europeo ha estado acostumbrado a un suministro de energia barata, abundante y segura. En el presente, existe una preocupacion creciente por la influencia del uso de la energía en el Cambio Climático A principios del año pasado, en un escenario de gran aumento de los precios del petroleo, los incidentes sobre la interrupcion del suministro de gas a la Union Europea trajeron bruscamente a la atención de la opinion publica las debilidades del sistema de Energia de la UE, en particular la inseguridad de suministro de los productos energéticos. Consecuencia de esto, la Energia es hoy un tema de preocupación a nivel Europeo, ocupa un puesto de relevancia en la agenda política Europea y es objeto de una gran actividad a nivel político en la UE

4 FP7 /4 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG La Energía en la UE Se prevee que la demanda de energia global aumentará un 60% en los proximos 30 años La dependencia del exterior de la UE puede aumentar del 50% presente al 65% para el 2030; volatilidad de los precios del petroleo y potencial inestabilidad geo-politica de los suministradores Mas del 80% de las emisiones de CO2, causa del cambio climatico, causados por la energia; los modelos disponibles muestran que no se cumplirá con el objetivo de Kyoto ni con el de las energias renovables para el 2010 Se preveen mas de 12 trillones de inversiones en el campo de la energia a nivel global para el 2030 – enorme mercado potencial, pero la UE ante una seria competencia de los otros bloques comerciales El escenario Business as usual no es sostenible

5 FP7 /5 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG A European Strategy for Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energy From the Green Paper to the Energy Package

6 FP7 /6 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG TOWARDS AN ENERGY POLICY FOR EUROPE EXTERNAL RELATIONS ILLUSTRATIVE NUCLEAR PROGRAMME (PINC) SUSTAINABLE FOSSIL FUEL TECHNOLOGIES ENERGY MIXINTERNAL MARKET REPORT ON FUNCTIONING OF INTERNAL MARKET SECTOR INQUIRY PRIORITY INTERCONNECTION PLAN RES ELECTRICITY BIOFUELS HEATING AND COOLING FROM RES RENEWABLE ENERGY ROAD MAP SUSTAINABILITY ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN (19 OCT 2006) JOINT COMMISSION/ HR /COUNCIL JUNE PAPER AND COM PAPER OCT 2006 DIALOGUE WITH PRODUCERS: OPEC- NORWAY-GCC-ALGERIA- CASPIAN BASIN (BAKU PROCESS) NEGOTIATION MANDATE FOR NEW AGREEMENT WITH RUSSIA DIALOGUE WITH CONSUMERS: CHINA, US, INDIA, JAPAN ACTION PLAN ENERGY PACKAGE 10th January 2007 AN ENERGY POLICY FOR EUROPE GREEN PAPER ENERGY SPRING EUROPEAN COUNCIL 2007 STRATEGIC ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PLAN (2007)

7 FP7 /7 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG The Energy Package Communications on : An energy policy for Europe Renewable energy road map Report on progress in renewable electricity Biofuels progress report Prospects for the internal gas and electricity market Priority interconnection plan for Gas and Electricity Infrastructures Nuclear illustrative programme Sustainable power generation from fossil fuels: aiming for near-zero emissions from coal after 2020 Towards a European strategic energy technology plan

8 FP7 /8 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG The Energy package The mainstay of the new policy is a core common energy objective : EU should reduce greenhouse gas emissions from its energy consumption by 20% by 2020, in a context of global negotiations to limit Climate Change, whilst promoting jobs and growth, and limiting the EU's external vulnerability to gas and oil imports Keep all options open, including reinforcing nuclear power generation Investing in energy technology is more an opportunity than a challenge: Europe is a world-leader in energy technology 16 trillion in the world energy supply market ahead of us

9 FP7 /9 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG 9 Competitiveness Lisbon Agenda Renewable energy Energy efficiency Nuclear Research and innovation (see Lisbon) Emission trading International Dialogue: one common voice European stock management (oil/gas) Refining capacity and storage of energy Diversification including nuclear Common energy policy objectives Internal Market Competition Interconnections (Trans-European networks) European electricity grid Research and innovation Clean coal Carbon sequestration Alternative fuels Energy efficiency Nuclear Sustainable Development KYOTO Security of supply

10 FP7 /10 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG RTD policy drivers LISBON (March 2000) Most competitive and dynamic knowledge- based economy by 2010 BARCELONA (March 2002) Need to boost RTD Aim: 3% of EU GDP by 2010 (2/3 private) BUILDING THE EUROPE OF KNOWLEDGE European Research Area

11 FP7 /11 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG R&D – Europes challenges EU-25USJapan R&D intensity (% of GDP) (2004) Share of R&D financed by industry (%) (1) Researchers (FTE) per thousand labour force (2) Share of world scientific publications (%) (2003) Scientific publications per million population (2003) Share of world triadic patents (%) (2000) Triadic patents per million population (2000) High-tech exports as a share of total manufacturing exports (%) (2003) Share of world high-tech exports (%) (2003) Notes: (1) EU-25: 2003; US, JP: (2) EU-25: 2004; US: 2002; JP: Data: Eurostat, OECD.Source: DG Research

12 FP7 /12 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Research: filling the gap (total expenditure on R&D as % of GDP, 2004) (EU-25 extrapolation based on R&D intensity targets put forward by Member States in their respective National Reform Programmes) Data: Eurostat, OECD.Source: DG Research

13 FP7 /13 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Building a Europe of Knowledge The Seventh Framework Programme

14 FP7 /14 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Budgets of the EU Framework Programmes NB: Budgets in current prices. Source: Annual Report 2003, plus FP7 revised proposal

15 FP7 /15 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG FP –2013 | Specific Programmes + Ideas – Frontier Research Capacities – Research Capacity People – Marie Curie Actions Cooperation – Collaborative research JRC non-nuclear research Euratom direct actions – JRC nuclear research Euratom indirect actions – nuclear fusion and fission research

16 FP7 /16 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG ENERGY IN EU RESEARCH (FP1-FP7) Energy

17 FP7 /17 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG FP7 budget ( million, current prices) Note: Euratom FP: 2.7 billion over 5 years - not included above

18 FP7 /18 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Cooperation – Collaborative Research 1.Health 2.Food, agriculture and fisheries, and biotechnology 3.Information and communication technologies 4.Nanosciences, nanotechnologies, materials and new production technologies 5.Energy 6.Environment (including climate change) 7.Transport (including aeronautics) 8.Socio-economic sciences and the humanities 9.Space 10.Security Euratom: Fusion energy research, nuclear fission and radiation protection Ten themes +

19 FP7 /19 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Ideas – Frontier Research (1) Frontier Research is a key driver to innovation and economic performance Establish European Research Council (ERC) – the first pan- European funding agency for Frontier Research Support investigator-driven frontier research over all areas of research European added-value through competition at European level

20 FP7 /20 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Ideas – Frontier Research (2) Budget ~ 1bn p.a. ( : 7.51 bn) Autonomous scientific governance (Scientific Council) Support projects of individual teams Excellence as sole criterion Simple, user-friendly

21 FP7 /21 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG More on Marie Curie Actions * Open to third-country nationals People – Marie Curie Actions Initial training of researchers Marie Curie Networks* Life-long training and career development Individual Fellowships Co-financing of regional/national/international programmes Industry-academia pathways and partnerships Industry-Academia Knowledge–sharing Scheme* International dimension Outgoing & Incoming International Fellowships International Cooperation Scheme Reintegration grants; Support to researcher diasporas Specific actions Mobility and career enhancement actions Excellence awards

22 FP7 /22 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Capacities – Research Capacity 1.Research infrastructures 2.Research for the benefit of SMEs 3.Regions of Knowledge 4.Research Potential 5.Science in Society 6.Coherent development of policies 7.Activities of International Cooperation

23 FP7 /23 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG FP Cooperation budget More on the budget I. Cooperation Budget ( million, current prices) * Not including non-nuclear activities of the Joint Research Centre: million 1. Health Food, agriculture and fisheries, and biotechnology Information and communication technologies Nanotechnologies, materials and production Energy Environment Transport Socioeconomic research Space Security1 400 Total32 413

24 FP7 /24 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG How FP7 and CIP complement each other Complementary and mutually reinforcing actions Competitiveness and dissemination remain key elements of FP7 Designed to operate side by side in support of Lisbon objectives Close coordination FP7: Dissemination of knowledge and innovation- related activities (within projects) CIP: Innovation support networks and take-up of proven technologies

25 FP7 /25 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG How FP7 and CIP complement each other Networks providing innovation support services Within projects In thematic areas Dissemination of knowledge CIPFP7-RTD Innovation clustersResearch-driven clustersRegions Risk capital (start-up and expansion) SMEs guarantee facility SMEs loan securitisation Risk Sharing Finance Facility for large European RTD projects and infrastructures (with EIB) Access to finance Actions promoting SMEs participation in FP7 Simplification Definition of thematic content Specific schemes for SMEs SMEs participation in Research Take-up of proven technologies: environmental, ICT and energy-efficiency Research, technological development and demonstration Funding of projects

26 FP7 /26 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Energy Objective Transforming the current fossil-fuel-based energy system into a more sustainable one based on a diverse portfolio of energy sources and carriers combined with enhanced energy efficiency, to address the pressing challenges of security of supply and climate change, whilst increasing the competitiveness of Europes energy industries

27 FP7 /27 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Hydrogen and fuel cells Renewable electricity generation Renewable fuel production CO 2 capture and storage technologies for zero-emission power generation Smart energy networks Energy savings and energy efficiency Knowledge for energy policy-making Clean coal technologies Renewables for heating and cooling Energy

28 FP7 /28 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Seventh Framework Programme: Objectives and activities FusionFissionTOTAL Euratom Indirect actions Euratom Direct Actions JRC 233 Total FP7 Euratom (current prices) FusionFissionTOTAL Euratom Indirect actions Euratom Direct Actions JRC 517 Total FP7 Euratom (current prices) Return to main presentation million

29 FP7 /29 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Euratom nuclear fission & radiation protection Objective Establishing a sound scientific & technical basis in order to accelerate practical developments for the safer management of long-lived radioactive waste, promoting safer, more resource-efficient and competitive exploitation of nuclear energy and ensuring a robust and socially acceptable system of protection of man and the environment against the effects of ionising radiation.

30 FP7 /30 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Geological disposal of long-lived radioactive waste Operational safety of existing and future reactor systems Support for infrastructures and the retaining of competences and know-how in all areas of nuclear science Radiological terrorist threats Reducing toxicity of radioactive waste through partitioning & transmutation Risks from exposure to ionising radiation – especially medical uses and low doses Potential of innovative reactor concepts Euratom nuclear fission & radiation protection

31 FP7 /31 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Euratom Fusion Energy Research Objective Developing the knowledge base for, and realising ITER as the major step towards, the creation of prototype reactors for power stations which are safe, sustainable, environmentally responsible, and economically viable

32 FP7 /32 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Realisation of ITER Technology activities in preparation of DEMO Human resources, education and training R&D activities for the longer term R&D in preparation of ITER operation Infrastructures Euratom Fusion Energy Research Return to main presentation

33 FP7 /33 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG La I+D pública a nivel de la UE representa cerca del 6% del total de UE 25 La I+D en Energía a nivel de la UE representa alrededor del 12% del total de UE 25 La I+D en Fusión a nivel UE representa 100% del total Cerca del 25% de la I+D pública en renovables se hace al nivel de la UE La I+D en el area de combustibles fosiles desarrollada por el sector publico es despreciable en comparación con el sector privado I+D EN ENERGIA EN LA UE

34 FP7 /34 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Nuevos instrumentos para una I+D+I mas eficiente Plataformas Tecnologicas Iniciativas Tecnológicas Conjuntas (JTI) Modelo ITER de cooperacion Internacional

35 FP7 /35 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG European Technology Platforms Industry-Driven, Competitiveness-Focused European Technology Platforms – Concept: Stakeholders, led by industry, get together to define a Strategic Research Agenda on a number of strategically important issues with high societal relevance where achieving Europes future growth, competitiveness and sustainable objectives is dependent upon major research and technological advances in the medium to long term.

36 FP7 /36 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG European Technology Platforms Bottom-Up Approach with Industry in Lead Wide Stakeholder Involvement Flexibility: No One Size Fits All EU Role: Facilitating and Guiding but not Leading or Owning Majority of Strategic Research Agendas, where Appropriate, Taken into Account in Thematic Priorities of FP7 Minority of Strategic Research Agendas Identified through Dialogue with Industry as Potential Joint Technology Initiatives

37 FP7 /37 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG

38 FP7 /38 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG FP7 - ENERGY CO2 capture and storage technologies for zero emission power generation CO2 capture and storage technologies for zero emission power generation

39 FP7 /39 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Commission H/FC Project Team (Inter-service Group) Advisory Council (incl. Executive Group) Deployment Strategy (incl. policy framework) Strategic Research Agenda Regs, codes & standards Education & training Public awareness (…) Member States Mirror Group TP Secretariat Information Office IT Support Service Steering Panels : Initiative Groups : H2/ FC TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM PLATFORM OPERATIONS New and on-going projects and initiatives (EC + MS national, regional and local) HLG Vision GENERAL ASSEMBLY (Bi-)annual Technology Platform Forum Finance and Business

40 FP7 /40 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Joint Technology Initiatives May take the form of joint undertakings – Article 171 of the Treaty The Community may set up joint undertakings or any other structure necessary for the efficient execution of Community research, technological development and demonstration programmes

41 FP7 /41 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Joint Technology Initiatives Identification criteria include: Added value of European-level intervention Degree and clarity of definition of objective Strength of commitment from industry Scale of impact on industrial competitiveness and growth Importance of contribution to broader policy objectives Capacity to attract additional national support and leverage industry funding Inability of existing instruments to achieve objective

42 FP7 /42 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Joint Technology Initiatives Firmly anchored in themes of the Cooperation Programme In fields of major European public interest Six fields envisaged at this stage Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Aeronautics and Air Traffic Global Monitoring for Environment and Security Innovative Medicines Embedded Computing Systems Nanoelectronics Other fields possible subsequently Return to main presentation

43 FP7 /43 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG The ITER project -A new way to address, through International Cooperation, major Scientific Challenges -Seven international parties, in an unprecedented 35 year agreement for a total cost of 10 Billion euros to build and operate the ITER Research reactor, sited in Europe

44 FP7 /44 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Shield Magnet System Vacuum Vessel Person ITER Divertor 30 m 24 m

45 FP7 /45 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Towards a European Strategic Energy Technology Plan Structural weaknesses in the energy innovation system Long lead times Locked-in infrastructure investment Market failure (Stern Report) Dominant actors and network connection challenges Scattered and un-coordinated market incentives (e.g. innovation programmes) Reduction of Energy research funds Scattered, fragmented and sub-critical capacities Strong international competition and weak cooperation « Business as usual » is not an option, we must change the way we produce, distribute and use energy The development of technology is a key driver for putting our energy system on a sustainable path

46 FP7 /46 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Towards a European Strategic Energy Technology Plan Annual investment by Commission of 1 billion between 2007 and 2013 in energy technology research and innovation. The EU must act jointly and urgently: Higher cooperation between Member States and with industry, TPs only a small part of the solution Find the right balance between competition and international cooperation Adapt policy instruments to technology needs: Different Horses for different courses Mobilise more resources to accelerate market deployment of the key promising technologies. The process starts now. First SET plan to be adopted by end of 2007 after open consultation

47 FP7 /47 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG The Strategic Energy Technology Plan(2) The Strategic Energy Technology Plan must embrace not only research and innovation, but also the policy framework required to encourage business to deliver the low-emission technologies of the future. In addition to confirming the diversified portfolio strategy for the short-medium term, the Plan will need to identify those 'strategic' technologies for which it is vital that Europe as a whole finds a different and better way of mobilising resources to accelerate their development and deployment – large-scale, integrated European actions. This is not a 'picking winners' approach, but a recognition that different technologies within the portfolio face different challenges and barriers and are likely to be brought to commercialisation with different time horizons. In this respect, it is crucial that we do not focus exclusively on near-to-market technologies to achieve short-term policy goals.

48 FP7 /48 EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Research DG Thanks for your attention


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