Presentation on theme: "Classical Approaches to Management Administrative Management: Henri Fayol."— Presentation transcript:
Classical Approaches to Management Administrative Management: Henri Fayol
General Concepts O Theory developed in 1900s. O Believed management could be taught. O Was concerned about improving quality of management. O Management can be seen as activities or actions that can be worked on to improve managerial skill set. O Developed 14 principles of Management & 5 “rules” or “duties” of management to guide managerial action. O Sadly, his theory had limitations
Key principles of Management O Scalar chain Principle: There should be a clear and unbroken line of communication throughout organization. O Unity of Command: Each person should receive orders from only one boss. O Unity of Direction: One person should be in charge of all activities with same performance objective.
5 “rules” or “duties” of management The six primary functions of management that go hand and hand with the principles of management: O Foresight: To complete plan of action for future. O Organization: to provide & mobilize resources to implement plans. O Command: To lead, select & evaluate workers to get the best results. O Coordination: To fit diverse efforts together & ensure information is shared and problems solved. O Control: To assure things go to plan & take necessary corrective action.
Limitations O Management oriented theory: It does not give much attention to the problems of the workers. O Lack of importance of informal organization: Does not give any importance to informal organization or groups. It gives importance only to the formal organization structure. O Concepts borrowed from military science: Were borrowed from military science. They tried to apply these concepts to the social and business organizations. O Mechanical approach: It does not deal with some of the important aspects of management such as motivation, communication and leading.