Presentation on theme: "FrenchFrench. 2 French in the world French is a Romance languagea descendent of Latin, along with Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Rumanian, etc. It developed."— Presentation transcript:
2 French in the world French is a Romance languagea descendent of Latin, along with Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Rumanian, etc. It developed from a dialect of Old French spoken in the territory of Île de France (Paris). Nowadays French is spoken worldwide. In Europe: Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Monaco, Switzerland. In Africa: Bénin, Cameroon, Maghreb countries (= Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia), Mali, Senegal, Togo, etc. In the Americas: Canada, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Martinique, St. Pierre et Miquelon, US (Louisiana, Vermont). In Asia: Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.
3 French is the mother tongue of more than 120 million people and the second most-commonly taught second language in the world (after English). It is an official language in some 30 countries and one of the 5 official languages of the United Nations. French speaking countries of the worldpays de la francophonieform a powerful economic and cultural network (comparable to the Commonwealth); they sponsor research and development and scientific and cultural exchange worldwide.
4 French is the mother tongue of Quebeckers, Acadians, Franco-Ontarians, Franco-Manitobans and Fransascois close to 7 million people, or 22% of the total population of Canada. It is taught as a second language across the country. It is one of the two official languages of Canada (along with English): all Canadian institutionsParliament, Government Agencies, etc.are bilingual. French in Canada
5 The influence of French language and culture: the case of English Historically, English borrowed 70% of its vocabulary from French. Here are some of the old borrowings that are now part of the English language: [kinship terms] aunt, cousin, nephew, niece, uncle... [foods] biscuit, mutton, pork, potage, prune, raisin, veal, vinegar... [architecture] ceiling, chamber, chimney, palace, square, tower... [furniture] carpet, chair, curtain, cushion, lamp, lantern, table... [abstract terms] glory, memory, victory... Etc.
6 French expressions used as is in English: à propos, Bon appétit!, carte blanche, Cest la vie., café au lait, Comme ci comme ça., crêpes, croissants, déjà vu, haute couture, hors doeuvre, raison dêtre, R.S.V.P., touché, voilà, etc. English expressions bearing a direct reference to French culture: French bread, French fries, French key, French kiss, French mustard, French window, take a French leave, etc.
7 France has more Nobel Prize laureates in literature than any other country in the world. Here are some: Albert Camus, André Gide, Anatole France, François Mauriac, Romain Rolland. It is also one of the top film-making countries in the world. French cinema has produced such mega stars as Jean-Paul Belmondo, Jean-Louis Trintignant, Gérard Dépardieux, Daniel Auteuil, Brigitte Bardot, Catherine Deneuve, Isabelle Adjani, Juliette Binoche, Béatrice Dalle, and so on. Québec has a vibrant film industry, as well. Thus, the work of these Québecois directors has been internationally acclaimed: Claude Jutra (Mon oncle Antoine, A tout prendre, Kamouraska), Robert Lepage (Confessional, La face cachée de la lune), Denys Arcand (Jésus de Montréal, Le déclin de lempire américain, Les invasions barbares). French: language of art, fashion andlove
8 France and Belgium are the leading producers of comics (bande dessinée): Astérix and Tintin are known all over the world. Paris is one of the worlds fashion capitals: everyone is familiar with fashion lines of Pierre Cardin, Coco Chanel, Christian Dior and Jean Paul Gaultier, to mention just a few.
9 French at Dalhousie Courses in French language, linguistics, literature and culture Spoken French, Quebec French, French for Business, Cinema: the French phenomenon, Stories and Legends of the Francophone World, Electronic Tools for Teaching French, and many more. Study abroad programs A year in Dijon (France) Certificate of proficiency in French Social & cultural life Students French society, film screenings, wine & cheese parties, and a lot more. www.french.dal.ca
10 Carreers with French Teaching Language Techologies Translation & Interpretation Journalism & Communications Public Service International Trade Business Administration Tourism Etc.