Presentation on theme: "¡Pronunciar es sencillo! Perhaps the most important component in learning a second language is being able to read that language effectively. Follow these."— Presentation transcript:
¡Pronunciar es sencillo! Perhaps the most important component in learning a second language is being able to read that language effectively. Follow these steps and you should have no problem reading new Spanish words thereafter. Spanish is a very easy language to decode (you are lucky you already know how to read English, which is a very difficult language to decode).
1.Know what sound each letter makes. The bold letters in the English words are sounds that can be transferred to the indicated letters in Spanish. (The words are not translations!) Englishel español dReadyrcero ffoodfsofá ggooseggato kcowkcasa llatellento mamountmmano nnodnnada ŋsongŋmango psoappsopa sassumessuma acakeehecho ebeaniido ilikeaiaire ohopeoocho otoptopaajo uJuneuusted oytoyoyVoy yyesy, llyo llego
El abecedario español/ The Spanish alphabet AAntonio es de Argentina.NNicaragua BBlanca es de Bolivia.ÑEspaña CCecilia es de Cáceres.OOlivia es de Oviedo. ChChilePPablo es de Panamá. DDolores es de Durango.QRaquel es de Quito. EElena es de Ecuador.RClara es de Perú. FFelipe es de Florida.rrMonterrey GGloria es de Guatemala.SSara es de San Juan. HHéctor es de Honduras.TTomás es de Toledo. IInés es de Ibiza.UAgustín es del Uruguay. JJosé es de Jalisco.VVíctor es de Venezuela. KKaty es de Kansas.WOswaldo es de Washington. LLuis es de Lima.XFélix es de Extremadura. LlGuillermina es de Sevilla.YYucatán no está en el Paraguay. MManuel es de México.ZZaragoza
The vowels only make one sound each: A, E, I, O, U (Y= I when it is a vowel) H Aha Ehe Ihi Oho Uhu H doesnt make any sound other than the vowel that it accompanies. AE I O UW A iAuAwa E iEuEwe IAiEiOiuiwi O iOuOwo UAuEuiuOuwu 2. Know how to pronounce dipthongs. 1.a, e, o are open (strong) and they are given the stress in pronunciation. 2.i, u are closed (weak) and are less pronounced when accompanied by open vowels. 3.dipthong = strong/weak vowel+ weak vowel 4.since w is not native to Spanish if it were added to a vowel it would act just like the dipthongs that begin with u.
ai Uruguay ia Bolivia, Chiapas que Querétaro qui Quito ei Monterrey ie Oviedo gue Guerrero gui guitarra oiio Üe (we) nicaragüense Üi (wi) pingüino ui Coahuila iu Ciudad Juárez /\ Examples of qu and gu variations that keep the hard /k/ and /g/ sounds. Examples of place names with dipthongs au Tamaulipas ua Guanajuato, Chihuahua euue Venezuela, Nuevo León, Puebla ouuo
CHDFLMNÑPRrrTG For the hard g sound the u doesnt say anything. Achadafalamanañapararrataga Echedefelemeneñepererretegue Ichidifiliminiñipirirritigui Ochodofolomonoñopororrotogo Uchudufulumunuñupururrutugu BVLlY AbavaAllaya EbeveElleye IbiviIlliyi ObovoOlloyo UbuvuUlluyu 3. Consonant –vowel/dipthong combinations (or strong vowels alone) =1 syllable. For the following combinations simply add the consonant sound to the vowel sound: These consonants are pronounced the same so their combinations sound the same (but in Argentina the ll is pronounced like the 2 nd g in garage):
The following are three sets of combinations that are similar in the following ways: K = CQS = ZCJXG These make a sound like h but stronger in the back of the throat. AkacaAsazaAjaxa EkequeEsezeceEjexege IkiquiIsiziciIjixigi OkocoOsozoOjoxo UkucuUsuzuUjuxu que Querétaro qui Quito gue Guerrero gui guitarra Üe (we) nicaragüense Üi (wi) pingüino Examples of qu and gu variations that are spelled differently in order to indicate the hard /k/ and /g/ sounds:
doctord/oc/to/r Doc/tor Do/ct/or enfermera médico contagioso juntos ansiosamente atraparías Choose which form correctly separates the following words from the first column into syllables. The first one is done as an example. en/fer/me/raenf/erm/erae/nferm/e/ra méd/i/comé/dicomé/di/co con/ta/gio/socon/tagio/soconta/gioso ju/n/tosjun/tosju/nt/os ans/io/samien/tean/sio/sa/men/te ansio/sa/mente a/tra/pa/rí/asatra/parí/asatrap/arías
4. Finally, know on which syllable to put the stress. I. Natural stress in words, without a written accent, ending in a vowel, n, or s falls on the second-to-last syllable. h i jofascin a nteSev i llaFern a ndo c e nanex a menMerc e desabu e los Sections II and III on next 2 pages… (audio is continuous)
II. Natural stress in words, without a written accent, ending in a consonant (not n or s) falls on the last syllable. pregunt a ractivid a ddirect o runiversid a d Raqu e lMigu e lespañ o lcultur a l
III. Otherwise, if the accent is written for you, then you automatically know where to put the stress. s á badoingl é smatem á ticasreligi ó n Su á rezRam ó ntradici ó ntambi é n
…the conjunctions, prepositions, and pronoun that would otherwise be spelled the same. Interogatives always have a written accent mark over the naturally stressed vowel so to distinguish them from… NOTE!
There are a variety of short words that (1-2 syllables) that have completely different meaning based on whether they are written with or without a written accent. Here are some examples… está is the 3rd person singular of the verb ESTAR conjugated in the present indicative té is tea tú is the informal pronoun meaning you sólo means just or only mí is the personal pronoun for me esta is a feminine demonstrative adjective that means this te is the personal pronoun meaning you tu is the posessive adjective for your solo means alone mi is the posessive adjective for my NOTE!
Printable summary of how to pronounce words in Spanish: 1.Know what sound each letter makes. I.Vowels only have one sound each. II.The c and g vary depending on the the vowel that follows (just like in English) 2.Know how to pronounce dipthongs. I.a, e, o are open (strong) vowels. II.i, u are closed (weak) vowels. III.A dipthong = strong vowel + a weak vowel (ai, ia, ei, ie, oi, io, au, ua, eu, ue, ou, uo) IV.Or a weak vowel + a weak vowel (iu, ui) V.When i and u are given a written accent they are separated from any dipthongs and can stand alone like a strong vowel. 3.1 syllable = I.Consonant-vowel combination (preferred form) II.Consonant-dipthong combination (also preferable) III.Also may be a consonant+vowel/dipthong+consonant IV.Or a strong vowel alone (usually when a word starts with that vowel or the word ends with more than one strong vowel) 4.Each syllable is pronounced, but you must know where to put the stress. I.The natural stress for words, without a written accent, ending in a vowel, n or s falls on the second-to-last syllable. II.The natural stress for words, without a written accent, ending in a consonant (not n or s) falls on the last syllable. III.If the accent is written, then you automatically know where to put the stress.