Presentation on theme: "ETALT Day 3 Spanish group. Pronunciation revision Pronunciation rules These are some easy rules that will help you with the pronunciation of any Spanish."— Presentation transcript:
ETALT Day 3 Spanish group
Pronunciation revision Pronunciation rules These are some easy rules that will help you with the pronunciation of any Spanish word: There are five vowels in the Spanish alphabet, the same as in English: a, e, i, o and u. However, they have only one possible pronunciation each. To remember their sound, try this: part, pet, pit, port, put. Or also: bath, bet, bit, bought, boot. Note: in Spanish there is no distinction between short and long vowels as there is in English (e.g., as in bit/beat). The letter z may sound like s in see (Hispanic American accents) or like th in thin (standard Spaniard accent). The letter c sounds like the Spanish z (i.e, like s or th, depending on the country) when it comes before e or i, and like c in cat in any other case. Therefore, ca, ce, ci, ic, co, cu sounds exactly like ka, ze, zi, ik, ko, ku. The letter q always sounds like c in cat. Almost always, it is followed by a silent u, and is used with i or e only. Exceptions are some Latin or foreign words such as quórum, quid pro quo, Iraq (Irak) or quark (quark), in which the u is either not silent or not written at all. Rare exceptions apart, ca, que, qui, co, cu and ka, ke, ki, ko, ku sound exactly the same. The letter j may sound like h in hot (Hispanic America) or like ch in the Scottish word loch (Spain). The letter g sounds like the Spanish j when it comes before e/i, and like g in got in any other case. So, ga, ge, gi, ig, go, gu and ga, je, ji, ig, go, gu sound exactly the same. Also: For g to sound like g in got before e/i, it must be followed by a silent u, as in guitarra (guitar). But… what if we want to force the pronunciation of the u in gue/gui? Then, you must put a diaeresis (¨) over it, as in pingüino (penguin). The letter h is always silent. So, Hola (hello) and ola (wave) have exactly the same pronunciation. The letter y sounds like j in jet when it is placed at the beginning of a syllable: yo (I), mayo (May), and like y in very in any other case: y (and), muy (very). The letter ll also sounds like j in jet, although in some regions may have a sound similar to y in yet. The letter r sounds like tt in matter (with USA accent) when: it is not at the beginning of a syllable, e.g., brazo (arm), tren (train), or when it is placed between two vowels: pero (but), Corea (Korea). In any other case it sounds as a strongly trilled r (again, Scottish style), i.e., at the beginning of a word, and after n, l, s, or some prefix: rápido (fast), honrado (honest), alrededor (around), Israel (Israel), subrayado (underlined). The digraph rr is used to force a strongly trilled r between two vowels, e.g., perro (dog), correa (leash). The letter w is only used in foreign words, and its sound resemble the original foreign sound. Basically, it may sound like a Spanish B (Wagner) or like an English W (Washington). The letter ñ represents a nasal palatal phoneme, which is a sound that does not exist in English. It is commonly said that ñ is pronounced like n in canyon or in onion. Unfortunately, that is just a useful approximation, at best. Actually, you could think of the ñ as a new variety of n. It is not like n in son, because you dont use the tip of your tongue. It is not like n in song either, because you also do not use the back of your tongue. Ñ is a sort of middle term between those, that is, you should press the roof of your mouth with the middle of your tongue (the tip of it could simply rest behind your lower teeth). Only then, in this position, you could try a short /ny/ sound that sort of blends with the next vowel.
A Spanish phonemic pangram But it can be even easier: What if I tell you that in a single sentence you can find every possible pronunciation of each letter of the alphabet? La cigüeña gigante bebió ocho copas de whisky, más quince jarras llenas de fría cerveza rubia, y enseguida huyó en un taxi. The giant stork drank eight glasses of whisky, plus fifteen full mugs of cold pale ale, and escaped in a taxi right away. Were you right?
Websites to help Pronunciation with audio Spanish syllabification spanish/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=langu ageblog&utm_content=spanish Learning Spanish generally
Exploiting Videos BBC video clips - lots of video choice with authentic Spanish speakers All learning zone clips have ideas for use in class and background details. utf- 8&oper_1=eq&attrib_1=SCHOOL_LEVEL_NAME&bool_1=AND&oper_2=eq&attrib_2=SUBJECT_NAME&val_2_1=Spanish&boo l_2=AND&oper_3=eq&attrib_3=TOPIC&val_3_1=&bool_3=AND&attrib_4=SearchText&oper_4=eq&val_4_1=&config=results&pa ge=1&pagesize=12&val_1_1=Primary&level=Primary&subject=Spanish&topic=&clipsBrowse.x=31&clipsBrowse.y=8 Videos for one word only Chocolate (playground clapping game) Videos with minimal language Abuelito ¿Que hora es? (another playground game – counting) Papo en escuela (an English parrot learning school vocabulary) Videos with short phrases Soy una taza (a song with actions) En el pueblo (Spanish children introducing their town)
Soy una taza Taza Tetera Cuchara Cucharón Plato hondo Plato llano Cuchillito Tenedor Salero Azucarero Batidora Olla exprés Soy una taza, una tetera, una cuchara, un cucharón, un plato hondo, un plato llano, un cuchillito, un tenedor. Soy un salero, azucarero, batidora, olla exprés ¡chu chu!
Yr.6 children should know these core elements well after 4 yrs of entitlement: Any additional language to be considered a bonus and non-essential. tick if taught Nouns An awareness that nouns can be masculine or feminine, and how to recognise singular or plural. Alphabet Also key phoneme/graphemes ll, ñ, au, ei, eu, Adjectives Colour, size and some simple adjectives. A simple basic awareness of position and agreement. Core structures Es … It is… No es … It isnt… Hay …. There is / there are… No hay ….. There isnt / arent.. Tengo ….. I have.. Tienes …. You have.. Tiene ….. He/she has.. No tengo …… I havent got / dont have … Soy ….. I am.. Eres …… You are.. Es.. He/she is… Me gusta …. / me gustan …I like (sing) / I like (plural) …... No me gusta / gustan …… I dont like.. Quiero …… I would like… Numbers Up to 31, then ideally up to 100 if possible. Days/Months/ Birthday To answer the questions.. ¿Cuál es la fecha hoy ? ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? Telling the time On the hour – Es la una / Son las tres It is 1 / 3 oclock. Recognise and answer some questions. ¿ Qué es ? What is it? ¿ Dónde esta …..? Where is..? ¿ Cómo te llamas ? What is your name ? ¿ Cuántos años tienes ? How old are you? ¿ Te gusta …./ gustan……? Do you like …..? ¿ Tienes ….. ? Do you have ….? Use simple connectivesy / pero and / but
KS2 Spanish Core Language Verbs yo – I tú – you él/ella – he/she Usted – you (polite, sing.) nosotros – we vosotros – you (fam.pl.) ellos/ellas – they Ustedes – you (polite, pl.) tengoI have tienesyou have tiene he/she/you have (pol.sing) tenemoswe have tenéis you have (fam.pl.) tienen they/you have (pol.pl.) Tener – to have Ser – to be (essence, identity, existence) soyI am eresyou are es he/she is/you are (pol.sing) somoswe are soisyou are (fam.pl.) son they/you are (pol.pl.) estoyI am estásyou are está he/she is/you are (pol.sing) estamoswe are estáyou are (fam.pl.) están they/you are (pol.pl.) Estar – to be (stand, stay, state) Pronouns
¿Por qué? – why? ¿Qué? – what? ¿Cuándo? – when? ¿Dónde? – where? ¿Quién? – who? ¿Cuánto(s)? – how much/many? ¿Cómo? – how? ahora – now antes – before después – after hoy – today ayer – yesterday mañana – tomorrow otra vez - again siempre – always a menudo – often a veces – sometimes nunca – never la semana pasada – last week la semana que viene – next week una cosa – a thing esto – this eso – that algo (más) – something (else) otro – (an)other mucho – a lot (un) poco – (a) little muy – very todo – all/everything es – it/he/she is fui – I went hice – I did ví – I saw jugué – I played comí – I ate bebí – I drank Time words Referring to things Asking questions Saying what you did aquí – here allí – there hay – there is no hay – there isnt Referring to places KS2 Spanish Useful Vocabulary
KS2 Spanish Describing Pictures y – and o – or también – also pero – but porque – because con – with sin – without Making links Pienso que – I think that Creo que – I believe that Me parece que – it seems that.. Opinions puedo/puedeI can/he,she can quiero/quiereI want to/he,she wants to… tengo que/tiene queI have to/he has to… voy a/va a+ verbIm going to/he is going to… (no) me (le) gustaI (dont) like to/he doesnt like to me (le) encantaI love to/he loves to… me (le) gustaríaI/he/she would like to… Sentence building
¿Cómo se llama? ¿Cómo es (físicamente)? ¿Qué tiene como familia? ¿Tiene animales en casa? ¿Dónde vive? ¿Dónde trabaja? ¿Qué le gusta? ¿Qué no le gusta? ¿Cuántos años tiene? ¿Cómo te parece su carácter?