Presentation on theme: "Verb Tenses. Today, we're going to talk about the tenses. Now, if I say "I am beautiful, which tense is it? Obviously it is the past tense."— Presentation transcript:
Today, we're going to talk about the tenses. Now, if I say "I am beautiful, which tense is it? Obviously it is the past tense.
Present simple + - ? he/ she / it : -s -es (plays, goes) Conson + y = – ies (study- studies) O = es (go – goes) S, x, ch, sh = es (watch- watches/ mix-mixes ) Don`t Doesn´t + verb We don´t study She doesn´t study A + S + V ? Do you study ? Does she study? We study English My sister watches TV present continuous Am Is Are + V-ing V monosilábicos q terminan en 1 vocal + 1 cons., doblan cons. Runrunning swimswimming V de dos sílabas y acento en la 2ª, doblan consonante Beginbeginning Verbos que acaban en l, doblan l Traveltravelling Verbos que acaban en -ie, cambia a y + ing Diedying + I am studying you are studying he is studying - I am not studying You aren´t studying He isn´t studying ? A + S + V ? Am I studying? Are you studying? Is he studying ? Study- studying Play-playing
Present simple The simple present is used for two main types of action: actions which happen regularly o on Sundays o Frequency Adverbs : -always, usually, often – o every day, every week, Once a month, etc. Habits States Things which do not often change ( opinions, conditions, etc) present continuous A temporary action happening now : Something which is going on right now (but it will stop in the future) Algo que está ocurriendo ahora pero parará en el futuro) A definite plan for the future : Something we intend to do, usually in the near future. Algo que tenemos la intención de hacer en un futuro cercano The present continuous tense is used for two main types of action:
Habit Young-Mi goes to class every day. "Every day" is a habit. It rains a lot in Vancouver. This means that it rains often. Santos always talks about his family. "Always" means this is a habit. Jerry spends Christmas with his parents. This implies that he spends Christmas with his parents every year. States Bianca lives in Florida. This is a state, because it doesn't change. Jean-Paul has red hair. Someone's hair colour doesn't usually change. Martin likes chocolate. When we like something, usually we will always like it. Anna believes in God. Beliefs and opinions are states. They don't often change.
There are some verbs that you don't usually use in the continuous form, just as in Spanish. Generally speaking they're verbs that describe states and not actions, such as these: verbs describing thought processes and opinions: think, believe, remember, know, forget, agree, disagree… verbs describing emotions: want, like, love, hate, adore, detest… verbs describing the senses: see, hear, taste, feel, smell… This doesn't mean that it's impossible to use these verbs in the continuous. It just means that it's unusual and would probably be very specific in a particular situation. Non-continuous verbs / Stative verbs
Frequency adverbs and time expressions Always Usually Often Sometimes Hardly ever Never Every day Once a day / week / month.. Twice a day / week / month.. Three times a day / week / month.. Twelve times a day / week / month.. How often..? Before the verb She often plays golf After to beThey are always hungry At the end of the sentence I do yoga twice a week
Temporary action happening now John is winning the game. Right now, John is winning, but the game isn't finished yet. It's raining outside. It's raining right now (but it may stop soon). Soraya's working in the library. She's working there right now. Sihol is spending Christmas with his family. He's spending Christmas with his family right now, this year. (Maybe next year he won't.)
1. What are you cooking? It smells / is smelling wonderful. 2.What time do you usually go / are you usually going to bed? 3.Be quiet! The baby sleeps / is sleeping. 4.How often do you visit / are you visiting your grandmother? 5.In most US schools, the students dont wear / arent wearing uniforms. 6.Turn off the television. The children dont watch / arent watching it. 7.You dont need an umbrella this morning. It doesnt rain / isnt raining. 8.He is a vegetarian. He doesnt eat / isnt eating meat. 9.Right now, the president meets / is meeting some important people. 10.Tom has got a car now so he doesnt walk / isnt walking to school any more. Choose the correct answer.
Past Simple Monosyllabic ending in 1 vowel+1 conson, double conson Stopstopped 2 syllables & stress in the 2nd, double consonant Permitpermitted V ending in conson + y i + ed Studystudied Vowel + y + ed play - played Suj ? V+ -ed 2 nd col I played I sang Suj + didn´t + verb I didn´t playI didn´t sing Did+ Suj + verb ? Did you play? Did you sing? A+S+V ? Us e Past and finished actions. We visited the museum last week A series of completed actions in the past When I opened the door, the dog barked at the postman. Past states. The old lady lived in this house in 1887 TIME EXPRESSIONS Yesterday last week/year 2 days ago In 2002 in the 80s when then
+ - ? I was playing You were singing I wasn´t playing You weren´t singing Was I playing? Were you singing? Remember I, He, She, It Was/ wasn´t Were/weren´t You, we, they Past Continuous Was Were + V-ing Was Were + V-ing Suj + Wasn´t Weren´t + V-ing Suj + Was Were + Suj + V-ing Time expressions: While, as, last night / week, at 3 o´clock A+S+V ?
Usos : 1.Para decir lo que estaba ocurriendo en un momento concreto del pasado (no algo puntual, sino algo en proceso). La acción comenzó antes de dicho momento y seguramente continuó después. Fíjate que suelen expresar acciones largas. I was studying all day yesterday I studied all day yesterday Parece q la acción d estudiar fue algo muy largo Solamente informas, no quieres dar la idea de cuánto tiempo pasaste estudiando 2. Para 2 acciones que estuvieron ocurriendo al mismo tiempo. While you were reading the newspaper, I was doing my homework 3. Para la mas larga de las acciones, que suele ser interrumpida x una mas breve. I was walking by the street when it began to rain.
Past simple vs past continuous Recuerda q las acciones largas suelen ir en PC y las cortas en PS She was talking on the phone when he arrived Cuando se cuenta una historia, la narración en sí, es decir, la progresión histórica, puede ir en PS, mientras q las descripciones y el ambiente suelen ir en PC. It was a beautiful day. The sun was shining and flags were flying high everywhere. He felt confident and he knew what he had to do. He spoke to the people in the square. They were looking at him anxiously.
Last weekend Carmela ………. to the cinema to see "The Others". Carmela ………………. it because it……………. about ghosts and she is afraid of them. While she …………… home with her friend Lola, she …………… very strange. They ……………a noise behind them, but they could not see anyone. It ………………..a lot and there …………………any taxis on the street, so they ……………………to go home walking. The noise …………….. still behind them and while they …………………. to see what or who …………….. it, the lights on the street …………………. out and they ……………….for five minutes. Do you know what happened next? went didn´t like was was going felt heard was raining weren´t decidedwas were trying waswent were crying Complete with a suitable verb
Listen dear ; here is an article about how many words women use a day: 30,000 to a man's 15,000 'The reason has to be because we have to repeat everything to men... What ?
Present perfect Have Has + V-ed 3ª col + - ? I have worked She has written I haven´t worked She hasn´t written Have you worked? Has she written ? A+S+V ? Time expressions Ever, never, yet, just, Already, lately, how long..? For, since, in recent years
TIME EXPRESSIONS EVER : (Interrogativas)(alguna vez) Entre el auxiliar y el verbo. Have you ever been in London? NEVER : (Nunca) Siempre con el verbo afirmativa. I have never seen a class like this. FOR : Indica un periodo de tiempo, cuánto ha durado una acción. (durante-desde hace) I´ve known him for twenty years. (Le conozco desde hace 20 años) SINCE : Indica el momento o circunstancia concreta en que comenzó la acción. I´ve known her since (La conozco desde 1994) JUST : Indica que la acción acaba de concluir. Va entre el auxiliar y el verbo. Have + just + Past Participle = acabar de + infinitivo I´ve just washed my hair ( Me acabo de lavar el pelo). ALREADY : Va con oraciones afirmativas e interrogativas. (Entre el auxiliar y el verbo).( Ya ) I´ve already seen that film ( Ya he visto esa película) Have you already washed the dishes? (¿Ya has lavado los platos?) YET : Va con oraciones negativas e interrogativas. ( Al final de la frase) Negativas. (aún,todavía). I haven´t found it yet. (Aún no lo he encontrado) Interrogativas (ya) Has the doctor come yet? (¿Ha venido ya el médico?)
usos Para hablar de experiencias y hechos pasados que han ocurrido a lo largo del tiempo sin especificar el momento. I have eaten Chinese food many times Para hablar de acciones que aún continúan aunque empezaron tiempo atrás.(Suele llevar for y since ). Las preguntas se hacen con How long..? I´ve lived here for five years ( Vivo aquí desde hace 5 años-todavía vivo aquí) Para acciones que ocurrieron en un momento indeterminado del pasado y cuyo resultado podemos ver. We´ve painted the kitchen Expresar que una acción acaba de ocurrir. Entonces añadimos just entre el aux. y el verbo The team has just scored a goal
CONTRASTE PAST SIMPLE / PRESENT PERFECT Past Simple: acciones que ocurrieron en un momento concreto del pasado. When did Sam go to India? Last June Present Perfect: experiencias que han ocurrido en algún momento indeterminado. Sam has been to India. Past Simple: acciones completamente acabadas. I lived in India in Present Perfect: acciones que comenzaron en el pasado pero que continúan en el presente. I´ve lived in India since Past Simple: se acompaña de expresiones de tiempo pasado yesterday, 2 years ago. Present Perfect: se acompaña con ever, never, yet, already….
1 you / go / on holiday last year? ______________________________ 2 you / ever / go / to England? ______________________________ 3 I / never / try / windsurfing ______________________________ 4 Maria / study / photography last year ______________________________ 5 your teacher / ever / live in England? ______________________________ Write sentences or questions. Use the past simple or present perfect Did you go on holiday last year? Ive never tried windsurfing Have you ever been to England? Maria studied photography last year. Has your teacher ever lived in England?
Choose the correct answer. 1.I am still looking for my ticket. I ……………………… (not find) it yet. 2.The basketball game ……………………… (finish) an hour ago. 3.……………… you ever ……………… (see) so many fans at a game? 4.My little brother ……………………… (not drink) anything at all yesterday. 5.I ……………………… (never eat) snails before. 6.……………… you ……………… (do) your homework last week? Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets. Use the Past Simple or Present Perfect Simple. havent found finished Haveseen didnt drink have never eaten Diddo 1. The boy won / has won the judo competition yesterday. 2. When did you return / have you returned from your holiday? 3. She knew / has known Melissa since they were babies. 4. Mr Smith didnt sleep / hasnt slept last night because of the noise. 5. He called me last month but I didnt hear / havent heard from him since Did you see / Have you seen Penélope Cruzs latest film yet? 7. They went / have gone skiing two years ago. 8. I never ate / have never eaten here before.
Even a woodpecker owes his success to the fact that he uses his head
Present perfect continuous Present perfect of to be Have been Has been + V-ing + - ? I have been working She has been studying I haven´t been working She hasn´t been studying Have you been working ? Has she been studying ? Time expressions For a year, since 2002, how long..? All day / night / week … Use An action that started in the past and which still continues in the present. ( llevar + gerundio) (Como todos los contínuos resalta el tiempo que está durando la acción) She has been working here for 2 years An action whose results are still apparent. I´m still tired.. I have been studying all night
Past perfect Had + V-ed 3ª col + - ? I had worked I hadn´t worked Had you worked ? Time expressions Already, by the time, after, Before, Until, never, just Use A completed action which took place before another action in the past By the time we arrived at the cinema, the film had already started Present Future Past Perfect
Past perfect continuous Past perfect of to be had been + V-ing + - ? I had been I hadn´t been Had you been ? Time expressions For hours, since last year All morning, when, until, before Use Para hablar de una acción prolongada que ocurrió en el pasado antes que otra acción breve también pasada. Suelen ir unidas por una expresión de tiempo de las del cuadro, o although, because. We had been driving for 5 hours when we ran out of petrol. (llevaba + gerundio)
Complete the passage with the verbs in brackets. Use the Past Simple, Past Continuous or Past Perfect Simple. Some people wont drive without their GPS navigational systems, but some people find this device is ruining their lives. Last month a lorry driver from Slovakia (1) …………… (get) his truck stuck* while he (2) ……………………… (drive) on a small country road in Britain. The driver, who (3) ……………………… (arrive) in Britain only a few hours before, (4) ……………………… (not speak) English and (5) ……………………… (become) very upset. This was not surprising because he (6) ……………………… (knock) down an electricity pole* just minutes before. Similarly, a large lorry (7) ……………………… (break) Dorothea Norths front gate while it (8) ……………………… (travel) through her small British village, Wedmore. Both these accidents (9) ……………………… (happen) because the lorry drivers (10) ……………………… (not watch) where they were going. They (11) ……………………… (use) their GPS navigational systems instead. gotwas driving had arrived didnt speak became had knocked broke was travelling happened werent watching were using *Get stuck – quedarse clavado / paralizado *Electricity pole – poste d electricidad
Future TO BE GOING TO + INFINITIVO ( Futuro de intención) Para hablar de nuestras intenciones, planes cercanos, o preguntar a otros lo que han pensado hacer en un futuro próximo. Next week I´m going to celebrate my birthday. Para hacer predicciones basadas en una evidencia en el momento en que hablamos. Listen to the wind. It´s going to be a storm. FUTURE SIMPLE will + inf Para expresar decisiones espontáneas en el momento en que hablamos (ofrecimientos, peticiones, promesas, advertencias, amenazas..) I think you´ll learn this very quickly The window is open. Don´t worry I´ll close it Para hacer predicciones basadas en nuestra opinión. He won´t come.
FUTURE CONTINUOUS Future de to be + V-ing + - ? I will be studying I won´t be studying Will you be studying ? Time expressions At this time, at this time next… On Thursday, in the next decade Use An action in progress at a certain time in the future At this time next year, I will be studying Law in Madrid FUTURE perfect Future de have + V-ed 3ª col + - ? I will have studied I won´t have studied Will you have studied? Time expressions By this time next week, by 10 o´clock…, In three months Use A completed action at a certain time in the future. By the end of June, we will have finished our exams
Choose the correct answer. 1. I … to Paris many times, but this trip is the most exciting. a. have been c.will have been b. had been d.was 2. Tim couldnt do the homework because he … his books the day before. a.have lost c.didnt lose b.had lost d.will have lost 3. They had read the book before they … the film. a.saw c.will have seen b.had seen d.has seen 4. By the time you read this letter, I … the country. a.had leftc. will have left b.have leftd. left 5. He … cooking before he got the job. a.hasnt studied c. hadnt studied b.wont have studied d. didnt study
A Jill usually (1) __________ (go) out with her friends on Saturdays, but today she (2) __________ (not have) time. Last week she (3) __________ (have) a test at school, but she (4) __________ (not pass) it. So today she (5) __________ (study) for her exams. B At the moment, Billy (6) __________ (talk) to a police officer, because he (7) __________ (see) a traffic accident this morning. A man (8) __________ (drive) too fast when a dog (9) __________ (run) into the road. Luckily, the dog (10) __________ (not die). Complete texts A and B with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Use the present simple, present continuous, past simple or past continuous. goes doesnt have had didnt pass s studying is talking saw was driving ran didnt die
Choose the correct answer 1. So youre finally here! I waited / have been waiting / had waited for you since ten oclock. 2. Why wont you have come / didnt you come / havent you come to Sams party last night? 3. Im not hungry. I will have had / have had / have been having dinner. 4. Dan left the football team because he has been suffering / had been suffering / has suffered from poor health. Hes feeling better now and may return. 5. By this time next year, they will have travelled / have travelled / have been travelling to India.
Complete the sentences with the words in brackets. Use the Present Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Continuous. 1. Why did you go to the doctor? Because. (my leg / hurt / all week) 2. Do you like Martin? I dont know. I. (just meet / him) 3. Did you go out with Janis yesterday? No, I. (not see / her / for a week) 4. Why is his electricity bill so high? Because he (use / the air conditioner / 24 hours a day) my leg has been hurting all week have just met him. I havent seen her for a week has been using the air conditioner 24 hours a day.
A blackboard. What is white when it's dirty and black when it's clean ?
B (bee) What letter of the alphabet is an insect? What letter of the alphabet is a part of the head? I (eye) What letter is a drink? T (tea)
What letter of the alphabet is a body of water? C (sea) What letter is an exclamation ? O (oh!) What comes once in a minute, twice in a moment but not once in a thousand years ? the letter m