2Atom : Element :: Molecule : Compound TermsAtom (Átomo): The smallest and basic building block of Matter.Element(elemento): pure substance that can´t be broken into smaller piecesMolecule(molécula): Group of Atoms transforming into a new substance, with new properties and characteristicsCompound (compuesto): Substance formed by two or more elements.chemical formula (formula química) the amount of element atoms on a compoundRatio(relación): the difference between each compound´s elementsMixture (mezcla): two substances not chemically combinedVean de esta forma, los que entienden relacionesAtom : Element :: Molecule : Compound
3Differentiate between a pure and impure substance. Analyze examples The basic difference is that, impure substances are always mixtures, they are never compounds or elements.Si el examen tiene una pregunta como:Salt (NaCl), Oxygen (O), Sugar (C12 H22 O11) etc. Es una substancia pura, y elemento o compuesto.Si salen comidas, puños de cosas, aire, mar, ese tipo de cosas son mezclas o sustancias impuras.
4Differentiate between a compound and an element. Differences of this terms are that elements are substances made by only one type of element.Compounds are made by several types of elements.Ojo: Si tienen una substancia que es por ej.: Oxygen (O2) ES UN ELEMENTO NO UN COMPUESTO
5Differentiate between a homogeneous mixture, colloids and a heterogeneous mixture and provide examples.A mixture is a combination of elements and compounds in the same place at the same time, not chemically combined. All mixtures are impure substances.
6Differentiate between colloids, suspensions, solutions Colloids, are mixtures of (usually 2 different states), a characteristic is that almost all colloid has visible tiny spots of both substances. A solution is almost impossible to visually separate both substances, and suspensions, are both, if they are shaken is available to visually separate in layers, if not, they are mixed without possibility to separate.
7Colloids Continuous phase Disperse phase Gas Liquid Solid Liquid AerosolFog, Mist, Air spraySolid AerosolAir, Smoke, CloudLiquid FoamStyrofoam (?)GelJellySolid SolCranberry GlassFoamShaving CreamEmulsionMilkSolBloodLa Fase Dispersa, es la fase “mas pequeña”, es la segunda faseLa Fase Continua, es la fase grande la general.
8SolutionsSolute: the substance in a lesser amount (is usually a solid)Solvent: the substance in a greater amount (always a liquid)Concentrate: the density of how much solute is in the mixture