Presentation on theme: "BYZANTINE NOTES #1 REVIEW 1.Constantinople – Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire - Crossroads of trade between Asia and Europe - Protected from barbarian."— Presentation transcript:
BYZANTINE NOTES #1 REVIEW 1.Constantinople – Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire - Crossroads of trade between Asia and Europe - Protected from barbarian tribes due to it’s distance from Europe 2. Constantine - First Christian Roman Emperor began the construction of Constantinople
BYZANTINE NOTES #1 REVIEW 3. Justinian I - Created the Justinian Code in 528 AD by collecting all Roman Laws and placing them in one book. - Re-conquered North Africa and Italy 4. Theodora - Married Justinian and became co-emperor - Influenced Justinian to pass laws to protect rights of women. - Convinced Justinian to stay in Constantinople during rebellion and kill his enemies
I. The Church (Schism – Break or Split) A.The cultural and political differences between the Eastern and Western Roman Empire weakened the unity of the Christian Church and led to its division.
II. The Church (Schism – Break or Split) B. Eastern Church 1. Centered in Constantinople 2. Close to the seat of power after Constantinople became the capital of the Roman Empire. 3. Used Greek language in the liturgy – a prescribed form or set of forms for religious worship.
II. The Church (Schism – Break or Split) C. Western Church 1. Centered in Rome 2. Farther from the seat of power after Constantinople became the capital of the Roman Empire. 3. Used Latin language in the liturgy.
II. The Church (Schism – Break or Split) D. Division between the Western and Eastern Churches 1. Authority of the Pope eventually accepted in the West. 2. Authority of the Patriarch accepted in the East. 3. Practices such as celibacy eventually accepted in the West.
II. The Church (Schism – Break or Split) D. Division between the Western and Eastern Churches Western Church - Roman Catholic Church - Centered in Rome - Use of Latin in Church documents - Headed by the Pope - Priests cannot marry. Eastern Church - Greek Orthodox Church - Centered in Constantinople - Use of Greek in Church documents - Headed by the Patriarch
III. Art and Architecture A.Inspiration provided by Christian religion and imperial power. B. Icons (religious images)
III. Art and Architecture C. Mosaics in public and religious structures 1. Hagia Sophia (a Byzantine domed church)
BYZANTINE MOSAICS Picture or design made from small pieces of enamel, glass, or stone
IV. Byzantine Culture A. Continued flourishing of Greco- Roman traditions B. Greek language (as contrasted with Latin in the West) C. Greek Orthodox Christianity D. Greek and Roman knowledge preserved in Byzantine libraries
V. Influence of Byzantine culture of Eastern Europe and Russia after 1453 AD A. Trade routes between Black Sea and Baltic Sea B. Adoption of Orthodox Christianity by Russia and much of Eastern Europe C. Adoption of Greek alphabet for the Slavic languages by St. Cyril (Cyrillic alphabet) D. Church architecture and religious art