Presentation on theme: "The Byzantine Empire (The Eastern Roman Empire). Byzantine Empire Barbarian tribes overran Italy Emperor Constantine moved Rome to Constantinople Excellent."— Presentation transcript:
Byzantine Empire Barbarian tribes overran Italy Emperor Constantine moved Rome to Constantinople Excellent location for trade Located between Asia and Europe
Politics in Constantinople Empire Justinian tried to rebuild Roman glory Code of Laws Hagia Sophia
The Church Splits Differences developed between Eastern and Western Church Christian Church splits West = Rome = Pope = icons = Roman Catholic Church East = Constantinople = Patriarch = no icons = Eastern Orthodox Church
The Islamic Faith Created by the prophet Mohammed Monotheistic = Allah Holy city = Mecca Religious text = Koran (Qur’ an) Based on the Five Pillars of Islam
The Spread of Islam Spread through jihad, trade and empire expansion Divided into two sects Shi’ites (minority) Sunni (majority)
Contributions of the Arabic World Translated Greek books into Arabic First chemical laboratories Treatment of disease (diagnosed smallpox and wrote an encyclopedia of medicine) Created algebra Arabic numerals Wrote the Arabian Nights
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