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Word Building Hecho por Linda Rogers. Some nouns drop their final vowel and add –ero to indicate the person associated with the noun: el viaje, the tripel.

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Presentation on theme: "Word Building Hecho por Linda Rogers. Some nouns drop their final vowel and add –ero to indicate the person associated with the noun: el viaje, the tripel."— Presentation transcript:

1 Word Building Hecho por Linda Rogers

2 Some nouns drop their final vowel and add –ero to indicate the person associated with the noun: el viaje, the tripel viajero, the traveler el zapato, the shoe el zapatero, the shoemaker la carta, the letterel cartero, the letter carrier la cocina, the kitchen el cocinero, the cook la casael _________, the landlord

3 Some nouns drop their final vowel and add –ero to indicate the person associated with the noun: el viaje, the tripel viajero, the traveler el zapato, the shoe el zapatero, the shoemaker la carta, the letterel cartero, the letter carrier la cocina, the kitchen el cocinero, the cook la casa, the houseel _casero _, the landlord la caja, cash register el _________, the cashier

4 Some nouns drop their final vowel and add –ero to indicate the person associated with the noun: el viaje, the tripel viajero, the traveler el zapato, the shoe el zapatero, the shoemaker la carta, the letterel cartero, the letter carrier la cocina, the kitchen el cocinero, the cook la casa, the houseel _casero _, the landlord la caja, cash register el _cajero __, the cashier

5 Some nouns ending in –ero change to – ería to indicate the shop or place where the person works: el florero, the floristla florería, the flower shop el joyero, the jeweler la joyería, the jewelry shop el panadero, the baker la panadería, the bakery el peluquero, the hairdresser la peluquería the hair salon el frutero, the fruit vendor ____________, the fruit shop

6 Some nouns ending in –ero change to – ería to indicate the shop or place where the person works: el florero, the floristla florería, the flower shop el joyero, the jeweler la joyería, the jewelry shop el panadero, the baker la panadería, the bakery el peluquero, the hairdresser la peluquería the hair salon el frutero, the fruit vendor _ la frutería _, the fruit shop el pescadero, the fish seller ______________, the fish store

7 Some nouns ending in –ero change to – ería to indicate the shop or place where the person works: el florero, the floristla florería, the flower shop el joyero, the jeweler la joyería, the jewelry shop el panadero, the baker la panadería, the bakery el peluquero, the hairdresser la peluquería the hair salon el frutero, the fruit vendor _ la frutería _, the fruit shop el pescadero, the fish seller _la pescadería_, the fish store el pastelero, the pastry chef ______________, the pastry shop

8 Some nouns ending in –ero change to – ería to indicate the shop or place where the person works: el florero, the floristla florería, the flower shop el joyero, the jeweler la joyería, the jewelry shop el panadero, the baker la panadería, the bakery el peluquero, the hairdresser la peluquería the hair salon el frutero, the fruit vendor _ la frutería _, the fruit shop el pescadero, the fish seller _la pescadería_, the fish store el pastelero, the pastry chef _la pastelería_, the pastry shop

9 Some nouns are derived from the past participle of the verb: decir, to sayel dicho, the saying pescar, to fishel pescado, the fish cocer, to stewel ________, the stew cuidar, to care el ______, the care, caution contener, to containel _________, the contents vestir, to dressel_________, the dress hacer, to doel ________, the deed, task

10 Some nouns are derived from the past participle of the verb: decir, to sayel dicho, the saying pescar, to fishel pescado, the fish cocer, to stewel cocido, the stew cuidar, to care el cuidado, the care, caution contener, to containel contenido, the contents vestir, to dressel vestido, the dress hacer, to doel hecho, the deed, task enamorarse, to fall in love _____________________, the lover

11 Some nouns are derived from the past participle of the verb: decir, to sayel dicho, the saying pescar, to fishel pescado, the fish cocer, to stewel cocido, the stew cuidar, to care el cuidado, the care, caution contener, to containel contenido, the contents vestir, to dressel vestido, the dress hacer, to doel hecho, the deed, task enamorarse, to fall in love _ el enamorado __, the lover

12 Some feminine nouns are formed from the past participle by changing the –o ending to –a: comer, to eatla comida, the meal entrar, to enterla entrada, the entrance herir, to woundla herida, the wound salir, to leave_________, the exit parar, to stop_________, the stop (bus…) beber, to drink_____________, the drink ver, to see_____________, the view

13 Some feminine nouns are formed from the past participle by changing the –o ending to –a: comer, to eatla comida, the meal entrar, to enterla entrada, the entrance herir, to woundla herida, the wound salir, to leavela salida, the exit parar, to stopla parada, the stop (bus…) beber, to drinkla bebida, the drink ver, to seela vista, the view nevar, to snow_______, the snowfall

14 Some feminine nouns are formed from the past participle by changing the –o ending to –a: comer, to eatla comida, the meal entrar, to enterla entrada, the entrance herir, to woundla herida, the wound salir, to leavela salida, the exit parar, to stopla parada, the stop (bus…) beber, to drinkla bebida, the drink ver, to seela vista, the view nevar, to snowla nevada, the snowfall

15 A common expression using feminine nouns formed from the past participle by changing the –o ending to –a: ir, to go -ido-ida volver, to return -vuelto-vuelta Un billete de ida y vuelta:

16 A common expression using feminine nouns formed from the past participle by changing the –o ending to –a: ir, to go -ido-ida volver, to return -vuelto-vuelta un billete de ida y vuelta: a > ticket: ………….of gone and returned

17 Stem-changing verbs and their nouns el almuerzo, the lunch almorzar, to lunch el juego, the game_________, to play el cuento, the story _________, to tell el vuelo, the flight_________, to fly la prueba, the quiz/test/proof ______, to sample/test/try

18 Stem-changing verbs and their nouns el almuerzo, the lunch almorzar, to lunch el juego, the gamejugar, to play el cuento, the story contar, to tell el vuelo, the flightvolar, to fly la prueba, the quiz/test/proof probar, to sample/test/try el _________, the agreement acordar, to agree upon

19 Stem-changing verbs and their nouns el almuerzo, the lunch almorzar, to lunch el juego, the gamejugar, to play el cuento, the story contar, to tell el vuelo, the flightvolar, to fly la prueba, the quiz/test/proof probar, to sample/test/try el acuerdo, the agreement acordar, to agree upon __________, the discountdescontar, to discount

20 Stem-changing verbs and their nouns el almuerzo, the lunch almorzar, to lunch el juego, the gamejugar, to play el cuento, the story contar, to tell el vuelo, the flightvolar, to fly la prueba, the quiz/test/proof probar, to sample/test/try el acuerdo, the agreement acordar, to agree upon el descuento, the discountdescontar, to discount

21 Some nouns are formed from verbs by dropping the –ar and adding –amiento, or dropping the – er/ir and adding –imiento. casar, to marryel casamiento, the marriage nacer, to be bornel nacimiento, the birth sentir, to feelel sentimiento, the feeling pensar, to think_____________, the thought mover, to move_____________, the movement descubrir, to discover ___________, the discovery

22 Some nouns are formed from verbs by dropping the –ar and adding –amiento, or dropping the – er/ir and adding –imiento. casar, to marryel casamiento, the marriage nacer, to be bornel nacimiento, the birth sentir, to feelel sentimiento, the feeling pensar, to thinkel pensamiento, the thought mover, to moveel movimiento, the movement descubrir, to discover el descubrimiento, the discovery estacionar, to park_________________, the parking lot

23 Some nouns are formed from verbs by dropping the –ar and adding –amiento, or dropping the – er/ir and adding –imiento. casar, to marryel casamiento, the marriage nacer, to be bornel nacimiento, the birth sentir, to feelel sentimiento, the feeling pensar, to thinkel pensamiento, the thought mover, to moveel movimiento, the movement descubrir, to discover el descubrimiento, the discovery estacionar, to parkel estacionamiento, the parking lot

24 Some nouns are formed by dropping the –ar of the infinitive and adding –ador, -edor to –er verbs, and –idor to –ir verbs. trabajar, to work el trabajador, the worker explorar, to explore el explorador, the explorer servir, to servirel servidor, the servant comer, to eat el comedor, the dining room hablar, to speak__________, the speaker vencer, to conquer ___________, the conqueror gobernar, to govern___________, the governor

25 Some nouns are formed by dropping the –ar of the infinitive and adding –ador, -edor to –er verbs, and –idor to –ir verbs. trabajar, to work el trabajador, the worker explorar, to explore el explorador, the explorer servir, to servirel servidor, the servant comer, to eat el comedor, the dining room hablar, to speakel hablador, the speaker vencer, to conquer el vencedor, the conqueror gobernar, to govern el gobernador, the governor borrar, to erase____________, the eraser

26 Some nouns are formed by dropping the –ar of the infinitive and adding –ador, -edor to –er verbs, and –idor to –ir verbs. trabajar, to work el trabajador, the worker explorar, to explore el explorador, the explorer servir, to servirel servidor, the servant comer, to eat el comedor, the dining room hablar, to speakel hablador, the speaker vencer, to conquer el vencedor, the conqueror gobernar, to govern el gobernador, the governor borrar, to eraseel borrador, the eraser

27 Some nouns are formed from adjectives by dropping the final vowel and adding –eza: bello, beautifulla belleza, the beauty pobre, poorla pobreza, the poverty limpio, clean la limpieza, the cleanliness triste, sad _________, the sadness grande, great________, the greatness noble, noble________, the nobility vivo, lively_________, the liveliness

28 Some nouns are formed from adjectives by dropping the final vowel and adding –eza: bello, beautifulla belleza, the beauty pobre, poorla pobreza, the poverty limpio, clean la limpieza, the cleanliness triste, sad la tristeza, the sadness grande, greatla grandeza, the greatness noble, noblela nobleza, the nobility vivo, livelyla viveza, the liveliness

29 …and for those ending in –co, the c is changed to qu before adding –eza: rico, richla riqueza, the wealth franco, frank la franqueza, the frankness flaco, skinny la flaqueza, the thinness

30 Some English nouns ending in –ty can from Spanish words by changing –ty to –dad: unityla unidad brutalityla brutalidad humanityla humanidad universityla ___________ activityla ___________ libertyla ___________ fraternityla ___________

31 Some English nouns ending in –ty can from Spanish words by changing –ty to –dad: unityla unidad brutalityla brutalidad humanityla humanidad universityla universidad activityla actividad libertyla libertad fraternityla fraternidad

32 Some English nouns ending in –tion change the –tion to –ción to form the Spanish: sectionla sección actionla acción civilizationla civilización operationla operación realization

33 Some English nouns ending in –tion change the –tion to –ción to form the Spanish: sectionla sección actionla acción civilizationla civilización operationla operación realizationla realización

34 Some adjectives are formed from nouns by adding –oso to the stem of the noun: número, numbernumeroso, numerous religión, religionreligioso, religious peligro, dangerpeligroso, dangerous ridículo, ridicule_________, ridiculous

35 Some adjectives are formed from nouns by adding –oso to the stem of the noun: número, numbernumeroso, numerous religión, religionreligioso, religious peligro, dangerpeligroso, dangerous ridículo, ridicule ridiculoso, ridiculous


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