Presentation on theme: "Comparing Germanic and Romance Languages (German and Spanish)"— Presentation transcript:
1Comparing Germanic and Romance Languages (German and Spanish) By Annis Cordy, Jessica-Alice Cunliffe, Heidi Dobson, Rhys Jervis and “Daniel Webb”
2Spanish: Where is it spoken? The language is spoken by between 322 and 400 million people nativelyThis includes people from countries such as : Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay, Venezuela
3Where Is German Spoken?German is the tenth most widely spoken language in the world, with a total of 123,527,178 speakers worldwide. The countries in which it is a native language include not only Germany and Austria, but also Switzerland (4.6 million speakers) and Liechtenstein (32,000 speakers). Other countries where it has official status as a widely spoken language are Luxemburg, Italy and Belgium. Smaller German speaking communities also exist in North and South America, South Africa and Australia.
4Variations of SpanishMe gusta ver la tele. (I like to watch the television)Due to massive emigration from Andalusia to the Spanish colonies in the Americas and elsewhere, many American Spanish dialects share some fundamental characteristics with Andalusian Spanish, such as the use of ustedes instead of vosotros for the second person plural, and the widespread use of seseo.
5Variations Of German English Hochdeutsch Austrian In the morning Am MorgenIn der FrühNoodlesDie SpätzleDas NockerlWhipped creamDie SchlagsahneDas ObersA German person [disparaging term]DeutscheDer Piefke
6The Origins of the Spanish Language Although Spanish is a ‘romance language’ it was influenced by the Visigothic language (an East Germanic Language).It also has Arabic influence dating from 711 CE.Shortly before the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the Americans, Spanish settlers were introduced to a host of native languages and adopted a number of words from them.
7The Origins of the German Language Proto-Germanic/ I \West Germanic North Germanic East Germanic/ \ I / \Anglo-Frisian Netherlandic German W.Scandinavian E.Scandinavian I Gothic/ \ / \ / I \ / \English Frisian Netherlandic German Icelandic Faroese Norwegian Danish Swedish
8Word Order and Translation I like itIch mag das I like thatMe gusta Me it pleases
9I have a yellow house Ich habe ein gelbes Haus Tengo una casa amarilla I have a house yellow
10I go to London because I like shopping Ich fahre nach London, weil ich einkaufen magI travel to London because I to shop likeVoy a Londres porque me gusta ir de comprasI go to London because me it pleases to go of purchases
11I can see him Ich kann ihn sehen I can him to see Puedo verlo I can to see him
12I have eaten it Ich habe es gegessen I have it eaten Lo he comido It I have eaten
13Similarities between German and Spanish EnglishSpanishGermanHammockamaccaHängematte
16ConclusionAfter making these comparisons, we can conclude that some similarities lie within the East Germanic origins of both languages, although the impact of these on the languages –particularly Spanish- could be seen as negligible. The differences between the languages outweigh the similarities, which would explain why they belong to different language families.There are, however, several Germanically-derived words in Spanish which correspond quite closely to words in modern Hochdeutsch, for example:East. In Spanish ‘oeste’, in German ‘Ost’Soup. In Spanish ‘sopa’, in German ‘Suppe’.Mascot. In Spanish ‘mascota’, in German ‘Maskotte’.However, it is debatable whether these words have the same Germanic origins, or are simply just derived or loaned from another language such as English.
17Jess Cunliffe and Annis Cordy Spanish researchers Special Thanks to Daniel Webb for Speech Coaching and Therapy, and also for stroking JessGerman researchersJess Cunliffe and Annis CordySpanish researchersHeidi Dobson and Rhys JervisThanks for listening