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GÉNERO Y NÚMERO repaso. GÉNERO Spanish nouns have gender and number (singular and plural). Some Spanish nouns end in o, which typically means the word.

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Presentation on theme: "GÉNERO Y NÚMERO repaso. GÉNERO Spanish nouns have gender and number (singular and plural). Some Spanish nouns end in o, which typically means the word."— Presentation transcript:

1 GÉNERO Y NÚMERO repaso

2 GÉNERO Spanish nouns have gender and number (singular and plural). Some Spanish nouns end in o, which typically means the word is masculine; or a, which typically means the word is feminine. THERE IS AN EXCEPTION: words that end in ma are usually masculine. E.g. el tema, el idioma, el programa, el problema Some nouns end in letters other than o or a. You just have to memorize the gender of these nouns.

3 GÉNERO Masculine nouns need masculine adjectives. El coche negro Un hombre gordo Feminine nouns need feminine adjectives. La mujer bonita Una mirada fría

4 NÚMERO When a noun is plural, all of the adjectives that modify it have to be plural as well. If the noun and its adjectives are masculine and end in o, you add s to the end: los escritorios negros If the noun and its adjectives are feminine and end in a, you add s to the end: unas mesas antiguas The same thing goes for any noun or adjective ending in an unstressed vowel: los nombres grandesLa salsa picante-> las salsas picantes Un tema interesante->unos temas interesantes

5 NÚMERO If a noun or adjective ends in a consonant, add es to make it plural. E.g. la flor azul -> las flores azules Un programa formal-> unos programas formales

6 NÚMERO When a Spanish adjective describes two nouns, one feminine and one masculine, the masculine plural form is used. La casa y el coche son rojos. The house and the car are red.

7

8 EXCEPTION: nationality adjectives. E.g. inglés->ingleses inglesa->inglesas

9 GÉNERO, NÚMERO Remember that we show gender and number in our article adjectives as well. The- masculine, singular- el The- masculine, plural- los The- feminine, singular- la The-feminine, plural- las

10 GÉNERO, NÚMERO A- masculine, singular- un (this is also what we use when we put the number one in front of a noun). A- masculine, plural- unos A- feminine, singular- una A-feminine, plural- unas

11 GÉNERO, NÚMERO Another set of adjectives that are important to know: DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES: Can touch: This- este, esta, esto These-estos, estas, Cant touch: That-ese, esa, eso Those-esos, esas Waaaaayyyy far away: That-aquél, aquella Those- aquellos, aquellas

12 GÉNERO, NÚMERO Be careful! Many people make the mistake of using too many modifiers before the noun. E.g. Mi la casa Su el carro Another common mistake: showing possession in front of the noun…NO! NO! Mi abuelas casa-DUMB La casa de mi abuela-SMART!

13 WHERE DO THE ADJECTIVES GO? Spanish adjectives normally follow the noun they are describing: La manzana verde the green apple un libro dificíl a difficult book However, Spanish adjectives can sometimes be used before a noun, when they describe something intrinsic or given. la blanca nieve the white snow el primer hijo the first son/child

14 WHERE DO THE ADJECTIVES GO? Be aware of the following anomalies when Spanish adjectives are placed before the noun: Some male singular adjectives drop the final –o: Bueno->buen Malo->mal Uno-> un Primero->primer Tercero->tercer

15 WHERE DO THE ADJECTIVES GO? Some Spanish adjectives drop the –o and add an accent: alguno some, any - algún dinero some money ninguno no, none - ningún dinero no money ciento 100 drops the –o before masculine or feminine plural nouns: cien años 100 years grande changes to gran before either a feminine or masculine noun. el gran opera the great opera la gran mujer the great woman

16 AND BE CAREFUL! SOME ADJECTIVES CHANGE MEANING DEPENDING ON WHERE THEY ARE PLACED:

17 LETS PRACTICE These blue eyes A funny person My crazy hair The lucky dog Some strange things Another (nuevo) rainy day

18 LETS PRACTICE That (way over there) green frog (rana, sapo) Her beloved (caro) boyfriend Those poor, unfortunate souls (almas) A pure pain The only child Some old friends of mine


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