3 Early Expansion The Big Idea (EQ) 18.104.22.168.5The Big Idea (EQ)How did conquest and trade lead to the spread of Islam, the blending of cultures, and the growth of cities?Main IdeasMuslim armies conquered many lands into which Islam slowly spread.Trade helped Islam spread into new areas.A mix of cultures was one result of Islam’s spread.Islamic influence encouraged the growth of cities.
4 Main Idea 1: Muslim armies conquered many lands into which Islam slowly spread. After Muhammad’s death, Abu Bakr became the first caliph, the title that Muslims use for the highest leader of Islam.Caliphs were not religious leaders, but political and military leaders.Abu Bakr directed a series of battles against Arab tribes who did not follow Muhammad’s teachings.
5 Growth of the EmpireMuslim armies battled tribes that did not follow Muhammad’s teachings.The Muslim armies united Arabia, then defeated the Persian and Byzantine empires.After years of fighting Muslim armies, many Berbers, a native people of North Africa, converted to Islam and joined forces with the Arabs.A combined Berber and Arab army invaded Spain and conquered it in AD 711.
7 Main Idea 2: Trade helped Islam spread into new areas. Along with their trade goods, Arab merchants took Islamic beliefs to new lands.Islam spread to India, Africa, Malaysia, and Indonesia.Trade also brought new products to Muslim lands and made many people rich.Travelers learned how to make paper from the Chinese.Merchants brought crops of cotton, rice, and oranges from India, China, and Southeast Asia.Muslim merchants set up trade businesses in Africa.
9 Main Idea 3: A mix of cultures was one result of Islam’s spread. As Islam spread through trade, warfare, and treaties, Arabs came into contact with people who had different beliefs and lifestyles.Language and religion helped unify many groups that became part of the Islamic world.Muslims generally practiced tolerance, or acceptance, with regard to these people.Jews and Christians in particular could keep their beliefs.
10 Main Idea 4: Islamic influence encouraged the growth of cities. BaghdadCapital of Islamic EmpireLocated near land and water trade routesWalled cityBuilt hospitals, observatories, and a library that was used as a universityCordobaCapital of what is now SpainStrong economy based on agriculture and tradeBy the AD 900s, was the largest and most advanced city in EuropeGreat center of learningAlso a center of Jewish culture
12 Response Questions: What is a caliph? To what regions, and in what general order, had Islam spread by 750?What were three places Islam spread through trade?How did trade help Islam?What helped unify the many groups that became part of the Islamic world?What were two important cities in the Islamic world?How did life in Cordoba show a mix of cultures?Do you think tolerance is a good or bad policy for governing people? Why?Draw a graphic organizer to identify two ways traders affected the Islamic world.