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Presentation on theme: "THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Mr. Trbovich World History."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Mr. Trbovich World History

2 The Industrial Revolution Why was there an Industrial Revolution in England?

3 CAN YOU DEFINE THE TERM INDUSTRIAL REVOLTUION? PICTURE # 1: Taken before the Industrial Revolution PICTURE # 2: Taken after the Industrial Revolution

4 The Industrial Revolution The time period in the 1750’s, when people switched from making goods in the home or on the farm To mass producing goods in factories located in cities. How close were you to this definition ???

5 Let us understand the “Causes of Industrialization” #1: Agricultural Revolution #2: Population Explosion #3: Energy Revolution Which causes are seen in this picture?

6 The Agricultural Revolution Small farms were enclosed with fences to create large, profitable farms. New farming methods and machinery increased agricultural production (More Food & Seed Drill). Better food production

7 Population Explosion People eat better Women give birth to healthier babies Better medical care slows the death rate All these people needed jobs & moved to cities More demand for goods

8 Energy Revolution New machines allowed mass production of goods (many at a time). New inventions improved products and created new products. Water wheels power machines Coal used to fuel steam engines Faster production of goods

9 Why Great Britain? Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England?

10 Why did INDUSTRIALIZATION begin in England? ENGLAND HAD THE FOLLOWING: Colonial Empire: Colonies supplied Britain with raw materials & served as markets for finished goods (mercantilism). Capital: wealthy merchants had money to invest. Geography:  Island – good access for trade  Irregular coastlines – great for harbor/ports  Mild temperatures (trade all year)

11 Why did INDUSTRIALIZATION begin in England? ENGLAND HAD THE FOLLOWING: Large Labor Supply: Human Resources because of popluation explosion, machines replaced farmers Natural Resources: Coal & iron ore (abundant supply) New Technology: Textiles, Transportation, & Communciation Stable government & Economy


13 The Basics of an Industrialized Society Shift from rural (farming) economy to urban (city), machine based manufacturing Wage Employment- Instead of working on a farm for a share of the crops and a place to live, people earn wages in factories Movement of people from farms to cities High social mobility- easier to raise or lower social class depending on ability and work performance IN YOUR OPINION : WHICH IS THE MOST IMPORTANT RESULT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION?

14 The Industrial Revolution Day #2 Aim: How did the Industrial Revolution Affect Society?

15 How did the Industrial Revolution Change Society? PICTURE # 1 : Taken before the industrial revolution Picture # 2 :Taken after after the industrial revolution

16 These are some Social Effects of Industrial Revolution Urbanization- the growth of large cities Rise of a working class New roles for children New roles for women IN THE FOLLOWING SLIDES DETERMINE IF THESE EFFECTS WERE “POSITIVE” OR “NEGATIVE”

17 Slide #1:Urbanization As fewer workers were needed on the farm, workers moved to the cities to find jobs in factories. Overcrowding and pollution increased. POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE?

18 Slide #2: Rise of a Working Class In the cities, workers often found themselves working long hours for low pay and in dangerous factories. Many factory owners became rich while workers did not. POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE ?

19 Slide #3: Rise of a Working Class There was a wide difference in wealth between the factory owners (haves) and the workers (the have nots) POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE ?

20 Slide #4: New Roles for Children While children used to work on the farm, many now worked in dangerous conditions in factories. They were prized by factory owners because they could fit into tight spots and would not complain. POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE ?

21 Slide #5: New Roles for Children POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE ? Slide #5: New Roles for Children

22 Slide #6:New Roles for Women While women did chores on the farm, they were also able to take care of children during the day. During the Industrial Revolution, women would either work in the dangerous factories or stay home and take care of the children, thus becoming very dependent on men. POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE

23 Slide #7: New Roles for Women POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE ?

24 The Industrial Revolution Day #3 Aim: How did the Industrial Revolution lead to democratic reforms in England?

25 How would you fix or change these social effects of the Industrial Revolution? Be specific! 1. Urbanization- the growth of large cities with overpopulation and pollution 2. Rise of a relatively poor working class and a rich capitalist class 3. New roles for children- children worked in dangerous factories 4. New roles for women- women had dual responsibility in the home and in factories

26 How did the English government address the social problems created by the Industrial Revolution? The following slides show the reforms made by the English government to address the problems of the Industrial Revolution EVALUATE WHETHER THE REFORM (CHANGE) FIXED THE SPECIFIC PROBLEM OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

27 Reforms to the Problems of Cities Paved streets, sewers, electric street lights Police forces and better fire departments Cleaner water supplies Effective or Not?

28 Reforms to the Problems of the Working Class Workers formed unions to bargain on their behalf with employers Rising wages for most workers and a minimum wage was established Most men received the right to vote Effective or Not?

29 Reforms to the Problems of Children Elementary Education Act of 1880 provided free public school education for all children Laws were passed limiting the working day of children Effective or Not?

30 Reforms to the Problems of Women Laws were passed banning women from working in coal mines Women began to join skilled professions such as doctors, lawyers, researchers and inventors Women joined groups demanding better rights and the right the vote Effective or Not?

31 Evaluate the following statement… “Problems exist in the world today that are very similar to the problems that first existed over 200 years ago during England’s industrial revolution. The world has not learned the lessons of England’s industrial revolution.”

32 What is happening in the world today? #1 Do the social problems that occurred during the Industrial revolution exist around the world today? #2 Have working conditions improved so much that these social problems have disappeared from the world?

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