8 WHAT IS BIOSPERE RESERVE ? The Indian Government has also established biosphere reserves which protect larger areas of natural habitat, and often include one or more national parks and/or preserves, along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses
9 FUNCTIONS OF BR COSERVATION DEVELOPMENT LOGISTICS SUPPORT BENEFICIARIES
10 NATIONAL BR PROGRAMMEIndia has created a network of protected areas in the form of ;96 National parks510 Wildlife sanctuaries28 Tiger Reserves25 Elephant Reserves
11 OBJECTIVES To conserve the diversity and integrity of plants and animalsTo safeguard genetic diversity of speciesTo provide areas for multi-faceted research and monitoringTo provide facilities for education and trainingTo ensure sustainable use of natural resources through most appropriate technology
12 BR OF INDIA The Indian government has established 17 BR in India ,which protect large naturalareas.Seven of the seventeen BR’s are a part of the world network of BR, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere programme list
13 Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, 2000 Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, 2001Sundarbans national park, 2001Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, 2004Nokrek Biosphere Reserve, 2009Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, 2009Simlipal Biosphere Reserve, 2009
14 Biosphere reserves of India (area wise) 12008Great Rann of KutchPart of Kutch, Rajkot and Surendranagar DistrictsGujaratDesert1245421989Gulf of MannarIndian part of Gulf of Mannar between India and Sri LankaTamil NaduCoasts105003SunderbansPart of delta of Ganges and Barahamaputra river systemWest BengalGangetic Delta963041988Nanda DeviParts of Chamoli District, Pithoragarh District & Bageshwar DistrictUttarakhandWest Himalayas5860
15 Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 51986Nilgiri Biosphere ReservePart of Waynad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Mudumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley and Siruvani HillsTamil Nadu, Kerala and KarnatakaWestern Ghats552061998Dehang DebangPart of Siang and Dibang ValleyArunachal PradeshEast Himalayas511271999Pachmarhi Biosphere ReserveParts of Betul District, Hoshangabad District and Chhindwara DistrictMadhya PradeshSemi-Arid492681994SimlipalPart of Mayurbhanj districtOrissaDeccan Peninsula437492005Achanakamar - AmarkantakPart of Annupur, Dindori and Bilaspur districtsMadhya Pradesh, ChattisgarhMaikala Range3835
16 101989ManasPart of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup and Darrang DistrictsAssamEast Himalayas2837112000KanchanjungaParts of Kanchanjunga HillsSikkim2620122001Agasthyamalai Biosphere ReserveNeyyar, Peppara and Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary and their adjoining areasKerala, Tamil NaduWestern ghats182813Great Nicobar Biosphere ReserveSouthern most islands of Andaman and Nicobar IslandsAndaman and Nicobar IslandsIslands885141988NokrekPart of Garo HillsMeghalaya820
17 151997Dibru-SaikhowaPart of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districtsAssamEast Himalaas765162009Cold DesetPin Valley National Park and surroundings;Chandratal and Sarchu & Kibber Wildlife SancturaryHimachal PradeshWestern Himalayas7770172010Seshachalam HillsSeshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor and Kadapa districtsAndhra PradeshEastern Ghats
19 Potential Sites for Biosphere Reserves Following is the list of potential sites for Biosphere Reserves as selected by Ministry of Forests and Environment:-Namdapha, Arunachal PradeshThar desert, RajasthanLittle Rann of Kutch, GujaratKaziranga, AssamKanha, Madhya PradeshNorth Islands of Andaman Andaman & NicobarAbujmarh, Madhya PradeshChintapalli, Andhra PradeshLakshadweep Islands, LakshadweepSingbhum, Jharkhand
21 PROJECT TIGER LAUNCHING & PROJECT TIGER Project Tiger was launched in 1972 in IndiaThe project Aims - Natural habitats ,preserving areas of biological importance
22 SITUATION IN INDIABased on the result of surveys, the total tiger population has been estimated at 1,411 individuals ranging from 1,165 to 1,657 adult and sub-adult tigers of more than 1.5 years of age.The Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006 (No. 39 of 2006) has come into force on 4 September The Act provides for creating the National Tiger Conservation
23 Authority and the Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime ControlBureau (Wildlife Crime Control Bureau).
24 TIGER RESEARCH WORKERS IN INDIA Tiger scientists in India, such as Raghu Chundawat and Ullas KaranthChundawat, in the past, had been involved with radio telemetry (collaring the tigers)Karanth has been instrumental in using camera traps, radiotelemetry and prey counts.
25 GOALS AND OBJECTIVESProject Tiger was meant to identify the limiting factors and to mitigate them by suitable management.The damages done to the habitat were to be rectified so as to facilitate the recovery of the ecosystem to the maximum possible extent.
26 The potential tiger habitats being covered are: Sivalik–Terai Conservation UnitNorth east Conservation UnitSunderbans Conservation UnitCentral Indian Conservation UnitEastern Ghat Conservation UnitWestern Ghat Conservation Units
27 TIGER CONSERVATIONIn June 2007, a detailed survey by the Wildlife Institute of India (WII), which used accurate camera traps for counting tigers rather than the more traditional method of counting footprints (pugmarks), reported that previous estimates of tiger numbers in India may be hugely optimistic.
28 TIGER ORGANISATIONThe Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 has been amended to provide for constituting of the National Tiger Conservation Authority responsible for implementation of the Project Tiger Plan to protect endangered tigersThe National Tiger Conservation Authority is set up under the Chairmanship of the Minister for Environment & Forests
29 The Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006 (No The Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006 (No. 39 of 2006) has come into force on 4 September The Act provides for creating the National Tiger ConservationAuthority and the Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau (Wildlife Crime Control Bureau )
31 PROJECT PLACES/RESERVE AREAS The Inian Government has beenannounced the 28 Tiger Reserve areas.Because the many species of tiger is .endangered.In this tigers are identified by their footprints(pug marks)
32 Tiger reserves in India Bori, Satpura, Panchmari YearNameStateArea (km²)11982NagarjunsagarAndhra Pradesh356821973ManasAssam28403IndravatiMadhya Pradesh27994SimilipalOrissa27505SunderbansWest Bengal25856NamdaphaArunachal Pradesh19857Kanha19458MelghatMaharashtra16779Bandipur – NagarholeKarnataka1509101999Bori, Satpura, Panchmari1486
37 Mudumalai Tiger Reserve There are 48 tigers in the Nilgiri Reserve across which tigers are free to roam. In April, 2007, the Tamil Nadu state government declared Mudumalai as a Tiger Reserve, under section 38V of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, in an effort to conserve the country's dwindling Tiger populations.
39 Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in South India, declared in 2008, and enlarged in 2011, which covers forest area of 1,411.6 km2 (545.0 sq mi).This is the largest wildlife sanctuary in Tamil Nadu
42 PERIYAR TIGER RESERVEPeriyar is a protected area, and a nature reserve in the South Indian State of Kerala.The protected area covers an area of 925 km², out of which a 350 km² part of the core zone was made into the Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve
43 SOME ARTICLES ……… Current science vol.101 no.10 pg.1284., Wildlife Biodiversity Conservation-Indian Academy of SciencesBulletin
48 OTHER NGO’S Kuduremukh Wildlife Foundation Nature Conservation Foundation (NCF)Bhadra Wildlife Conservation TrustTiger Research and Conservation Trust (TRACT)
49 FUNDS FOR PROJECTAnderson et al funding money - Tiger conservation by nongovernmental organizations $23 million countries of India, Russia, Indonesia, Malaysia and Nepal.Project Tiger, got more than Rs600 crore in the 11th plan.
50 Name of StatesAndhra Pradesh68.79335.00Arunachal PradeshAssam86.4987.43195.614Bihar6.492037.145Chhattisgarh10.00169.87Jharkhand45.16KarnatakaKerala109.00267.09Madhya PradeshMaharashtra334.19229.51Mizoram115.1682.90241.45Orissa150.2543.28625.99Rajasthan410.68Tamil Nadu45.00Uttaranchal462.85U.P75.00134.89West Bengal177.30Total
51 MINISTERSMinister of TourismShri Subodh Kant SahayMinistry of Environment & ForestsSmt. Jayanthi NatarajanEnvironment - TamilnaduN.Mariyam PichaiForests - TamilnaduK.T.Pachamal
53 REFERENCES other links Books http://en.wikipedia.org/project tiger reserveother linksList of protected areasList of Tiger Reserved areas in IndiaBooksS.S.Negi – 1993 – Biodiversity and its Conservation