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APPROACH TO THE ROLL OF THE SERPENT IN THE THRACIAN CULTS (I MILLENIUM BC.) -. Dra. Ana Mª Vázquez Hoys.

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Presentation on theme: "APPROACH TO THE ROLL OF THE SERPENT IN THE THRACIAN CULTS (I MILLENIUM BC.) -. Dra. Ana Mª Vázquez Hoys."— Presentation transcript:

1 APPROACH TO THE ROLL OF THE SERPENT IN THE THRACIAN CULTS (I MILLENIUM BC.) -. Dra. Ana Mª Vázquez Hoys

2 2.My research: Snake cult in 1.Ancient mediterranean cults 2.Mesopotamia3.Egypt 4.Prerroman Iberia/Roman Spain 5.Grecian cults or imagens Grateful and Precisions.No feminist No difusonist

3 3.THRACE Importance of European/Thracian areas, origin of many Scrips and cults Gradesnica, Dispilio, VinCa, Sitovo

4 4.Thracian cults Mother-Goddess-Serpent -Earth-Paredro-Nenkovo, Bulgaria), Letnitsa treasure

5 5.Traditional Theories Oriental origin of our mediterranean culture Egyptian hieroglyphs,cuneiform scrip, phoenician alphabet

6 6.New Theories: Ancient scripts : Unity from Neolithic Power of peoples of limits: Thrace and Iberia: Huelva Script from Megalithic times Paleolithic signs

7 7. Possible origin in Thrace of many cults in relation with Great Neolithic Goddess of fertility and eternal life and its paredroi, relationed with the serpent (Rogozen, Mogilanska) Dionisos-Sabazio,Orpheus- Thracian Horseman V ot iv e ta bl et fr o m th e c ul t to Di o n y s u s ( 3 c. )

8 8. Orpheus and Euridyce Dead of Eurídice (1636/37) Erasmus Quellinus Museo del Prado : Kadmos and the dragon Side B: Pan, bust of Hermes, young Satyr. Orfeo in wall painter of Pompeya house

9 9 OPOSITION BETWEEN DEITIES DEITIES Earth -Moon Sun Earth -Moon Sun St. George. St. George.

10 10. BENDIS Cthonic Goddess: Inmortality MoonSnake

11 11. DIONISIO-ZAGREUS Son of Semele and a Snake God/Zeus

12 12. Opposition from Neolithic to historical times serpent sun Votive relief from Galene. It represents a Thracian horseman-hero and bears an inscription with his name: "Jason". Dated to the 1st century B.C. Neolithic snake Goddess

13 13. Hypothesis/Conclusions 1.Snake important autochthonous goddess ? 2. Earthian power of Neolithical Great Goddess ? Fertilty-life and death Fertilty-life and death 3. Opposition Pre-indoeuropean –Indoeuropean cultures symbols ? The Great and eternal ennemy ? Reproducción: GUERRERO CRISTIANO

14 14. Ex Occidente Lux The Phoenicians came to the West to recover the lost market of metales(copper) in the I millenium Riotinto, Rodalquilar, Cástulo, Almadén, Sierra Almagrera The mining wealth of the Iberian Peninsula justifies its importance from the Calcolítico

15 15.FINALLY I believe that the cults to the serpent in Greece and Rome are a pervivencia of the preindeuropeans cults, of which Thracian was the origin. And that the importance of these cults related to serpents in Thracia and Iberia agrees in indicating zones of much wealth

16 16.HYPOTHESIS FINAL The serpent was in the ancient world, in meny places, also in Thrace, in addition to all the this (fertility, fecundity, eternal life in relation with a Great Goddes) one nails wealth indicator HERAKLES &Hesperides Garden Alexander & son of serpent Cistophoroi: Coin &serpent: To Nº 1, please And one independent and very important deity wo remains


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