Presentation on theme: "Aim: Summarize the Causes and Effects of the Crusades"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aim: Summarize the Causes and Effects of the Crusades
2 Goals of the Crusades Age of Faith inspired wars of conquest Pope Urban II issued call for a holy warCrusade to gain control of the Holy LandCrusades had religious, economic, social and political goalsMuslims controlled Palestine & threatened ConstantinoplePope wanted to reclaim PalestineKings & Church as opportunity to get rid of knights who fought each otherKnights threatened peace of Kingdoms and Church2
3 The First 3 Crusades(1)-1097, 3 armies gathered outside ConstantinopleWere French, Bohemians, Germans, English, Scots, Italians, & SpaniardsCrusaders besieged Jerusalem for month and captured it in 1099(2)-1144, Muslims organize to recapture city1187, Jerusalem fallen to Muslim leader (Saladin)(3)- 3 European Kings try to recapture Jerusalem(Philip II, Frederick I, and Richard the Lion Hearted)1192- Jerusalem under Muslim ControlAgreement: Saladin allow Christians to visit Jerusalem3
4 Additional Crusades Ended up looting city of Constantinople (4)- 1204, Failed attempt to capture Jerusalem by knightsGoal: Lure of TreasureEnded up looting city of ConstantinopleThe Children’s Crusade (1212)Two different movements (France & Germany)Thousands of children try conquering JerusalemThousands die in the AlpsSpanish CrusadeMuslims (Moors) control SpanReconquista- Spanish drive Muslims from SpainInquisition: To unify Spain under Christianity, Jews and Muslims forced to convert in 14004
5 Effects of the Crusades Crusades example of power of the Church during Medieval PeriodEuropean Merchants who lived and traded in the Crusades expanded trade between Europe & South West AsiaFailure of later Crusades lessened power of the pope and kingsFor Muslims, intolerance and prejudice by Christians left bitterness and hatredPrejudice continued for Jews throughout Europe5
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