4 What are the limitations of a Linear Economy? Lost value of materials and productsScarcity of resourcesVolatile prices of resourcesWaste generatedUnstable supply of raw materialsEnvironmental degradation & climate changeLost value of materials and productsDepletion of scarce resources Volatile resource pricesWaste GenerationThe average plastic packaging recycling rate achieved in Europe is around 25% on average. More worryingly, 50% of all plastic still goes to landfill.Security and stability of raw materials supplyEnvironmental degradation & climate change
5 What are the benefits of a Circular Economy? The value of products, materials and resources is maintained in the economy for as long as possibleWaste generation is minimisedBoost to the economy and competitiveness by creating new business opportunities, and introducing innovative products and servicesBrings economic, social and environmental gains
6 Circular Economy: looking to the future Growth and job creation – Up to +7 % GDPUp to 600 billion in savings – 8 % of annual turnover for business in the EUEstimated direct jobs in waste management sectors created by 2035Boosting competitiveness and ensuring security of supplyBuilding economic and environmental resilienceEncouraging innovationReducing total annual Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 2-4 %Growth and job creation – Up to +7 % GDP: Ellen MacArthur Foundation, (2015) “Growth within: A circular Economy vision for a competitive Europe"Up to 600 billion in savings – 8 % of annual turnover for business in the EU: COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS Towards a circular economy: A zero waste programme for Europe /* COM/2014/0398 final/2 */Estimated direct jobs in waste management sectors created by 2035: retrievedReducing total annual Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 2-4 %: COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS Towards a circular economy: A zero waste programme for Europe /* COM/2014/0398 final/2 */
7 Circular Economy Package Adopted by the Commission 2 December 2015Action PlanCommunicationList of Follow-upInitiatives (Annex)4 Legislativeproposals on waste
8 Secondary raw materials Innovation, Investment & Monitoring Key action areasProductionConsumptionWaste ManagementSecondary raw materialsInnovation, Investment & MonitoringNew or revised legislation: waste proposals, fertilisers, water reuseStrengthened and more coherent implementation: support to compliance in waste policy, products policy, guidance on industrial emissions, consumers protection against unfair practices, interface between waste, products and chemicals legislationsVoluntary approaches: Green Public Procurement, EMAS, EU Eco-label, standards on secondary raw materials and on recovery of materials from electronic waste, sustainable sourcing, certification of waste facilitiesBetter use of information: Environmental Footprint, Raw Materials Information Systems, platforms on food waste, on financingCombination of EU funding (Horizon 2020, EFSI) and private financing
9 Production Objectives Key actions Provide incentives to boost circular product designInnovative and efficient production processesReparability, durability, and recyclability in eco-design (e.g. TV screens)Best practices for waste management and resource efficiency in industrial sectorsIndustrial symbiosisPromote reparability, durability, and recyclability in future Ecodesign requirements (first steps: requirements on electronic displays e.g. TV screens)Promotion of best practices for waste management and resource efficiency in industrial sectors.Facilitate industrial symbiosis (waste or by-products of one industry becomes inputs for another).
10 Consumption Objectives Key actions Repair and reuse of products to avoid waste generationProvide consumers with reliable information on environmental impact of productsEncourage reuse activities (e.g. waste proposal)Ecodesign: availability of spare partsGuarantees and action on false green claimsCircular Economy criteria in Green Public ProcurementIndependent testing programme to assess possible planned obsolescenceBetter labelling: EU Eco-label, Environmental FootprintNew rules which will encourage reuse activities (waste proposal), link with Ecodesign (reparability)Better enforcement of the guarantees on tangible products and action on false green claimsEmphasise circular economy aspects in Green Public Procurement criteria.Independent testing programme to identify issues related to possible planned obsolescence.Better labelling: EU Eco-label, Environmental Footprint.
11 Waste management Objectives Key actions Improve waste management in line with the EU waste hierarchyAddress existing implementation gapsProvide long-term vision and targets to guide investmentsLegislative proposals on wasteWork with Member States to improve waste management plans, including to avoid overcapacity in residual waste treatment (incineration and mechanical-biological treatment)Ensure coherence between waste investments under EU Cohesion Policy and the waste hierarchyRevised legislative package on wasteWork with Member States to improve waste management on the ground, including to avoid overcapacities in residual waste treatment (e.g. incineration and MBT)Ensure that Cohesion Policy contributes to EU waste legislation, guided by the EU waste hierarchy.
12 Market for secondary raw materials ObjectivesKey actionsIncrease the use of secondary raw materialsIncrease the use of recycled nutrients and the reuse of treated wastewaterSafely manage risks of chemicals of concernImprove knowledge of material stocks and flowsQuality standards for secondary raw materialsEU regulation on fertilisersLegislative proposal on minimum requirements for reused waterAnalysis on the interface between chemicals, product, and waste legislationEU-wide electronic system for cross-border transfers of waste
14 Common EU target for recycling 65% of municipal waste by 2030
15 New targets: municipal waste recycling one calculation method based on effective recyclingpossible 5-year extension for 7 MS recycling less than 20% in 2013review clause (2025) to consider more stringent targetsNote: Data for 2014 is not based on ‘effective’ recycling.Exemptions: Estonia, Greece, Croatia, Latvia, Malta, Romania and Slovakia
16 New binding target to reduce landfill to a maximum of 10% of total waste by 2030
17 New targets: municipal waste landfilling by 2030: maximum 10% landfillingpossible 5-year extension for the same 7 Member States suggested for the recycling ratereview clause (2025) to consider more stringent targets7 Member States: Estonia, Greece, Croatia, Latvia, Malta, Romania and Slovakia
18 Common EU target for recycling 75% of packaging waste by 2030
19 New targets: recycling packaging waste clarification on measuring (same as for municipal waste)repeal of the recovery and maximum recycling targetsnew target for aluminium
20 Thank you. http://ec. europa. eu/environment/circular-economy/index_en Thank you!
22 Priority sectors Plastics Food waste Critical Raw Materials Construction & DemolitionBiomass & bio-based productsPlasticsObjectivesIncrease efficiency in recycling - less than 25% of plastic waste collected is recycled, and about 50% goes to landfillActionsNew strategy on plastics including marine litter.A more ambitious target for the recycling of plastic packaging in the legislative proposal on waste.Food WasteReach Sustainable Development Goal to halve food waste by 2030 – today around 100 million tonnes of food are wasted annually in the EU.Develop an EU methodology to measure food waste.Create a platform for the SDG on food waste and to share best practice and results achieved.Clarify EU legislation relating to waste, food and feed, and facilitate food donation.Improve the use and understanding of date marking along the food chain (e.g."best before" label).Critical Raw MaterialsIncreasing efficient use and recovery of CRMs.Prepare a report on best practices and options for further action at the EU level.Incentives/requirements in the waste directives.Construction & DemolitionIdentify and increase recovery of valuable materialsEnsure recovery of valuable resources and adequate waste management in the construction and demolition sector, as well as facilitate assessing the environmental performance of buildingsDevelop pre-demolition guidelines to boost high-value recycling as well as voluntary recycling protocols aimed to improve quality of and build confidenceBiomass & bio-based productsSupport an efficient use of wood and bio-based productsIncrease recycling of bio-wastePromote an efficient use of bio-based resources through a series of measures, such as the promotion of the cascading use of biomass and support to innovation in the bio-economyNew target for recycling wood packaging and a provision to ensure the separate collection of bio-waste
23 Plastics Objectives Key actions Increase recycling efficiency - less than 25 % of plastic waste collected is recycled, and about 50 % is landfilledAdopt a specific strategy to reduce plastic waste, including marine litterSet a more ambitious target for the recycling of plastic packaging in the framework of a new legislative proposal on waste
24 Food waste Objectives Key actions Reach Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) to halve food waste by 2030 – today around 100 million tonnes of food are wasted every year in the EUDevelop an EU methodology to measure food wasteCreate a platform for the SDG on food waste and share best practices and results achievedClarify EU legislation on waste, food and feed, and encourage food donationImprove the use and understanding of date marking along the food chain (e.g. ‘best before’ label)
25 Critical Raw Materials (CRMs) ObjectivesKey actionsIncrease efficient use and recovery of CRMsEncourage recovery of CRMs, and draft a report on best practices and options for further action at EU levelEncourage action by Member States
26 Construction & Demolition ObjectivesKey actionsIdentify and increase recovery of valuable materialsEnsure recovery of valuable resources and adequate waste management in the construction and demolition sector, as well as facilitate assessing the environmental performance of buildingsPut in place pre-demolition guidelines to promote high-value recycling, and voluntary recycling protocols
27 Biomass & bio-based products ObjectivesKey actionsSupport an efficient use of wood and bio-based productsIncrease recycling of bio-wastePromote an efficient use of bio-based resources through a series of measures, including promoting the cascading use of biomass and support bio-economy innovationSet a new target for recycling wood packaging and a provision to ensure the separate collection of bio-waste
29 How will progress be monitored? Build on existing indicators from the Resource Efficiency Scoreboard and the Raw Materials ScoreboardDevelop a monitoring framework for the Circular Economy in close cooperation with the European Environment Agency (EEA)The two scoreboards have different frameworks:- the Resource Efficiency scoreboard (prepared by ENV), to monitor progress on Resource efficient Europe, was adopted by the Commission in December Regularly updated by Eurostat and disseminated by DG ENV publications.- the Raw Materials scoreboard (prepared by DG GROW), to monitor progress on the raw materials initiative and in the context of the European Innovation Partneship, is work in progress as not officially adopted by the Commission. Next Sherpa meeting scheduled in December was postponed to to It is planned for adoption in June 2016.
30 Why is action needed? loss of valuable materials negative impacts on land, water and climatelow levels of recycling-High levels of landfillingincineration of recyclable wasteno long-term targets
31 EU imports x6 more materials and natural resources than it exports European Union (EU-28)Rest of the world (ROW)EU-28 exports (2014)159237434EU-28 imports (2014)181195Lost value of materials and productsDepletion of scarce resources Volatile resource pricesWaste GenerationSecurity and stability of raw materials supplyEnvironmental degradation & climate change1300Total trade EU-28 to ROWIn 2004: 455 million tonnesIn 2014: 640 million tonnesTotal trade ROW to EU-28In 2004: 1664 million tonnesIn 2014: 1534 million tonnesBiomassManufacturesFuel/mining products
32 Innovation & Investment ObjectivesKey actionsCreate the right environment for innovation and investmentHorizon 2020 initiative launched on ‘Industry 2020 in the Circular Economy’ (EUR 650 million)Pilot ‘innovation deals’ to address potential regulatory obstacles for innovatorsTargeted outreach of EU funding, as Cohesion Policy Funds and for SMEsNew platform for financing Circular Economy with European Investment Bank and national promotional banks