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7.3 Uses of se © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passive se In Spanish, the pronoun se is often used to express the passive voice when the agent performing the action is not stated. The third person singular verb form is used with singular nouns, and the third person plural form is used with plural nouns. Se subirán los impuestos a final de año. Taxes will be raised at the end of the year. Se necesita un cajero automático en este edificio. An ATM is needed in this building
7.3 Uses of se © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Aquí no se compulsan los documentos: se sellan, y las personas se van siempre muy contentas.
7.3 Uses of se © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc When the passive se refers to a specific person or persons, the personal a is used and the verb is always singular. Se despidió al vendedor por llegar tarde. The salesperson was fired for being late. Se informó a los dueños de los cambios en el presupuesto. The owners were informed of the budget changes.
7.3 Uses of se © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The impersonal se Se is also used with third person singular verbs in impersonal constructions where the subject of the sentence is indefinite. In English, the words one, people, we, you, or they are often used for this purpose. Se habla mucho de la crisis. People are talking about the crisis a lot. Se dice que es mejor prestar que pedir prestado. They say it is better to lend than to borrow. ¿Se puede vivir sin dinero? Can one live without money? No se debe invertir todo en la bolsa de valores. You shouldnt invest everything in the stock market.
7.3 Uses of se © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Constructions with the impersonal se are often used on signs and warnings. Se habla español. We speak Spanish. Se busca camarero. Waiter wanted. Se alquilan apartamentos. Apartments for rent. No se aceptan tarjetas de crédito. We dont accept credit cards.
7.3 Uses of se © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Se to express unexpected events Tome, se le ha olvidado la bufanda.
7.3 Uses of se © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Se is also used in statements that describe accidental or unplanned incidents. In this construction, the agent who performs the action is de-emphasized, implying that the incident is not his or her direct responsibility. INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNVERBSUBJECT Semeperdióel reloj.
7.3 Uses of se © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc In this construction, the person(s) to whom the event happened is/are expressed as an indirect object. What would normally be the direct object of the English sentence becomes the subject of the Spanish sentence.
7.3 Uses of se © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc These verbs are frequently used with se to describe unplanned events. Se me quedó la tarjeta de crédito en el almacén. I left my credit card at the store. Se nos dañó la computadora en la reunión con los ejecutivos. Our computer broke at the meeting with the executives.
7.3 Uses of se © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc To clarify or emphasize the person(s) to whom the unexpected occurrence happened, the construction sometimes begins with a + [noun] or a + [prepositional pronoun]. A María siempre se le olvida pagar los impuestos. María always forgets to pay her taxes. A mí se me cayeron todos los documentos en medio de la calle. I dropped all the documents in the middle of the street.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Previously, you learned how to use se as the third person reflexive pronoun (El se despierta.
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