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The passive se In Spanish, the pronoun se is often used to express the passive voice when the agent performing the action is not stated. The third person singular verb form is used with singular nouns, and the third person plural form is used with plural nouns. Se subirán los impuestos a final de año. Taxes will be raised at the end of the year. Se necesita un cajero automático en este edificio. An ATM is needed in this building © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
—Aquí no se compulsan los documentos: se sellan, y las personas se van siempre muy contentas.© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
When the passive se refers to a specific person or persons, the personal a is used and the verb is always singular. Se despidió al vendedor por llegar tarde. The salesperson was fired for being late. Se informó a los dueños de los cambios en el presupuesto. The owners were informed of the budget changes. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
The impersonal se Se is also used with third person singular verbs in impersonal constructions where the subject of the sentence is indefinite. In English, the words one, people, we, you, or they are often used for this purpose. Se habla mucho de la crisis. People are talking about the crisis a lot. Se dice que es mejor prestar que pedir prestado. They say it is better to lend than to borrow. ¿Se puede vivir sin dinero? Can one live without money? No se debe invertir todo en la bolsa de valores. You shouldn’t invest everything in the stock market. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Se alquilan apartamentos. Apartments for rent. Constructions with the impersonal se are often used on signs and warnings. Se habla español. We speak Spanish. Se busca camarero. Waiter wanted. Se alquilan apartamentos. Apartments for rent. No se aceptan tarjetas de crédito. We don’t accept credit cards. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Se to express unexpected events—Tome, se le ha olvidado la bufanda. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Se is also used in statements that describe accidental or unplanned incidents. In this construction, the agent who performs the action is de-emphasized, implying that the incident is not his or her direct responsibility. INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN VERB SUBJECT Se me perdió el reloj. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
In this construction, the person(s) to whom the event happened is/are expressed as an indirect object. What would normally be the direct object of the English sentence becomes the subject of the Spanish sentence. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
These verbs are frequently used with se to describe unplanned events.Se me quedó la tarjeta de crédito en el almacén. I left my credit card at the store. Se nos dañó la computadora en la reunión con los ejecutivos. Our computer broke at the meeting with the executives. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
To clarify or emphasize the person(s) to whom the unexpected occurrence happened, the construction sometimes begins with a + [noun] or a + [prepositional pronoun]. A María siempre se le olvida pagar los impuestos. María always forgets to pay her taxes. A mí se me cayeron todos los documentos en medio de la calle. I dropped all the documents in the middle of the street. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Español 4H Unidad 13: Gramática C pág These are situations where the agent does not claim responsibility for something that happened (caer,
Passive voice with ”se”
Previously, you learned how to use se as the third person reflexive pronoun (El se despierta. Ellos se visten. Ella se baña.). Se can also be used to.
Se + indirect object pronouns
Subjunctive in Noun Clauses
The Impersonal and Passive se
IMPERSONAL CONSTRUCTIONS WITH “SE”
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El Verbo GUSTAR En español gustar significa to be pleasing In English, the equivalent is to like Spanish One ch.1.
Indirect Object Pronouns
In English you often use they, you, one, or people in an impersonal or an indefinite sense meaning people in general. In Spanish you use se.
Lesson 5 Grammar The passive voice. The passive voice is a very popular construction among attorneys. Examples of Passive Voice Your offer will be rejected.
DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS
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Me gusta / No me gusta I like / I dont like. Use the expression Me gusta followed by a noun to say that you like something in Spanish.
ANTE TODO The word “se” is often used in Spanish in a variety of ways. It can be very confusing. When you learned indirect and direct object pronouns,
QUE and QUIEN Used as RELATIVE PRONOUNS SOME TERMS TO KNOW MAIN CLAUSE - contains a subject and verb and can stand on its own. This is my brother. RELATIVE.
Used as a RELATIVE PRONOUN
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1.3 Gustar and similar verbs © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Al viajero le encantan los boleros.
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