Presentation on theme: "Paleolithic Age (2.5 million-10,000 B.C.)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Paleolithic Age (2.5 million-10,000 B.C.) & Neolithic Age (10,000-4,000 B.C.)
2 Hominid Development: From Early to Modern Humans Cro-Magnon150,000- years ago to present100,000-30,000 years ago1.5 million years ago2.5 million years agoHominid Development: From Early to Modern Humans4 million years ago
4 I. Prehistory: Before Written Records A. Understanding Prehistory1. Archaeology - artifacts2. Anthropology - cultureArchaeological DigAnthropologist At Work
5 Paleolithic Cave Painting- Lascaux, France 3. Dating Artifactsradiocarbon dating- uses the half life of carbon to date artifactsThermo-luminescence- uses light and heat to determine the age of artifactsMore accurate than radiocarbon datingc. DNA – uses the DNA of an animal or plantPaleolithic Cave Painting- Lascaux, FrancePrehistoric Stone Age Tools
6 “Lucy”Lucy, a hominid, is said to be the oldest, most complete and best preserved skeleton of an erect-walking human ancestor ever found. Discovered by Dr. Donald Johanson in November, 1974, in the Afar Desert in Ethiopia, Lucy is believed to be approximately 3.5 million years old.
7 B. Paleolithic Age: Early Humans (2,500,000 – 10,000) Skull of AustralopithecinesB. Paleolithic Age: Early Humans (2,500,000 – 10,000)Hominids/Early Humans (4-1 million years ago)lived in S. and E. Africawalked upright & made simple stone tools2. Homo Erectus (1.5 million – 30,000 B.C.)a. made larger & more varied toolsb. became skillful huntersc. left Africa for Europe & AsiaPaleolithic Hand AxeSkull of Homo ErectusTool Kit from Homo ErectusHomo Erectus Masters Fire
12 Followed the migration patterns of the herds. 4. Cro-Magnon/Homo Sapiens (40,000-8,000 B.C.)a. identical to modern humansb. planned hunts, used more language, & created artworkc. HUNTERS & GATHERERS: jobs of men are to hunt & protect; females raise children and gather fruit and vegetables.d. Nomadic – roaming existenceAs the food in an area was consumed, man moved on, looking for another food supplyFollowed the migration patterns of the herds.
14 2. effects of Neolithic/Agricultural Revolution a. created steady food sourceb. improved control overenvironmentCatal Huyuk – Neolithic Farming Villagec. increased population & size of settlementsd. helped create COMPLEX human societies/CIVILIZATION
15 Development of Agriculture, 5,000 – 3,000 B.C. Early River Valley Civilizations5,000 B.C.5,000 B.C.5,000 B.C.3,000 B.C.3,000 B.C.
16 D. Civilizations: Dawn of History 1. six characteristics of civilizationsa. large citiesb. governmentc. religiond. social structuree. writingf. artistic activity
17 Which of the six characteristics do you think is most important in creating “civilization”? Why?