2COMMON VOCABULARY Anus STD Semen HIV Vaginal Fluid AIDS Penis Vagina AbstinenceSexual Intercourse
3STD An STD is a Sexually Transmitted Disease that is spread: During sexThrough genital or close body contact between people
4HIV/AIDSHIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes AIDS. It weakens several of the body’s systems and destroys the body’s immune system.
5HIV/AIDSAIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is the result of an HIV infection which makes the immune system less able to fight infections.
6PenisThe male sex organ through which urine is eliminated and semen is released.
7VaginaThe female sex organ from the uterus to the outside of a female’s body through which a baby is born
8ANUSAn anus is the ring of muscle that allows release of solid wastes from the body.
9Semen/Vaginal FluidSemen is the fluid that contains sperm and white blood cells.Vaginal Fluid is the fluid that provides moisture in the vagina.
10AbstinenceAbstinence is not participating in any behavior that places a person at risk for spreading or getting HIV and/or STDs.IT IS THE ONLY METHOD THAT IS 100% EFFECTIVE in preventing teen pregnancy and the sexual spread of HIV and other STDS.
11Sexual IntercourseGenital contact between individuals (contact with a partner’s vagina or penis) that can result in pregnancy and/or disease.
13STDs There are more than 25 different STDs. STDs are very common in the US.About one-third of new STD infections occur in teenagers between the ages of years old.By the age of 24, at least one of out three sexually active people in the US will have had an STD.STDs can result in pain, not being able to have children, and death.
14PUBIC LICE Commonly known as “Crabs” An external parasite that infests the pubic regionCaused by close physical contact with an infected person or infected bedding or clothingSymptoms include itching and discomfort
17Chlamydia Caused by bacteria Most men and women have NO SYMPTOMS!! Symptoms include unusual discharge from the vagina or penis, burning when urinatingSpread during vaginal, anal, and oral sexIf left untreated, permanent damage can be done to the reproductive systemTreated by antibiotics
19Gonorrhea Caused by bacteria NO SYMPTOMS in many cases Symptoms include unusual discharge from the vagina or penis, burning when urinating, abdominal pain and crampsSpread during vaginal, anal, and oral sexTreated by antibiotics
20Syphilis Caused by bacteria Has several stages Symptoms include painless reddish- brown sores at firstDuring later stages, rashes, swollen joints, fever and hair lossSpread during vaginal, anal, and oral sexTreated by antibiotics
24Genital Herpes Caused by a virus May have no symptoms Symptoms include small, painful blisters on sex organs that break into open soresSpread during vaginal, anal, and oral sexThere is NO cureMay be spread without the presence of any sores
26Genital Warts/HPV Caused by a virus (HPV) May have no symptoms Symptoms include small, painful cauliflower-like bumps on penis, vagina, and anus that can grow quicklySpread during vaginal, anal, and oral sexThere is NO cure
30Trichomoniasis Caused by the single-celled protozoan parasite Most common, curable STD in young women in the US.Sexually transmitted through penis-to-vagina intercourse or vulva-to-vulva (the genital area outside the vagina) contact with an infected partner. Women can acquire the disease from infected men or women, but men usually contract it only from infected women.Mostly no symptoms in men; however, many females experience a frothy yellowish-green discharge with a fishy odor.
31Hepatitis B Caused by a virus Symptoms include tiredness, dark urine, nausea, cramps, and jaundice (yellow skin or eyes)Spread through unprotected sex and needle sharingThere is NO cure
32Pelvic Inflammatory Disease infection of the uterus (womb), fallopian tubes (tubes that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus) and other reproductive organs.It is a common and serious complication of some sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), especially chlamydia and gonorrhea.PID can damage the fallopian tubes and tissues in and near the uterus and ovaries. PID can lead to serious consequences including infertility, ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy in the fallopian tube or elsewhere outside of the womb), abscess formation, and chronic pelvic pain.
35HIVCaused by a virusDamages the body’s immune system so it can longer fight certain infections and cancersSymptoms include tiredness, fever, night sweats, sudden weight loss, swollen glands, and diarrheaSpread through vaginal, anal and oral sex, needle-sharing, mother to baby during pregnancy, birth, and breastfeedingCan infect anyone who participates in risk behavior regardless of race, gender, or sexual orientationNO CURE!!!
40THERE ARE APPROXIMATELY 40 MILLION PEOPLE INFECTED WITH HIV THROUGHOUT THE WORLD!
41CALIFORNIA IS ONE OF THE REGIONS WITH THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF HIV/AIDS CASES IN THE UNITED STATES
42Approximately one-eighth of ALL U. S Approximately one-eighth of ALL U.S. HIV/AIDS cases have been diagnosed in California.The rate of HIV is increasing rapidly among women and teens.It is estimated that one teenager is infected with HIV every hour.
43AIDS is now a significant cause of death among young adults!!
44Ways to Prevent STD/HIV Infection ABSTINENCE!!Reducing the number of sexual contactsUsing condomsAsking a person about previous STDsVaccinesAbstaining from drugs and alcoholA person who had a previous outbreak of herpes or warts is often still infected and can still pass it to others