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DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE PROTECCIÓN CIVIL Y EMERGENCIAS Área de riesgos Naturales MAY, 19, 2011 Brussels The National Catalogue of Historical Flood A tool.

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Presentation on theme: "DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE PROTECCIÓN CIVIL Y EMERGENCIAS Área de riesgos Naturales MAY, 19, 2011 Brussels The National Catalogue of Historical Flood A tool."— Presentation transcript:

1 DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE PROTECCIÓN CIVIL Y EMERGENCIAS Área de riesgos Naturales MAY, 19, 2011 Brussels The National Catalogue of Historical Flood A tool to aid decision making in spatial planning and an element in the preliminary risk assessment for the implementation of the policy of flooding the EU GREGORIO PASCUAL SANTAMARIA JEFE DE ÁREA DE RIESGOS NATURALES SUBDIRECCION DE PLANES OPERACIONES Y EMERGENCIAS DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE PROTECCIÓN CIVIL Y EMERGENCIAS. Quintiliano 21, Madrid España TL FAX ALMUDENA BUSTAMANTE GIL TECNICO SUPERIOR RIESGOS NATURALES Y ANTRÓPICOS SUBDIRECCION DE PLANES OPERACIONES Y EMERGENCIAS DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE PROTECCIÓN CIVIL Y EMERGENCIAS. Quintiliano 21; Madrid España TL FAX

2 2 Estado: Delegaciones y Subdelegaciones del Gobierno Unidad de Protección Civil Comunidad Autónoma: Consejería Interior Servicio de PC Técnicos Protección Civil 112 Ministerio del Interior Dirección General de Protección Civil y Emergencias Ministerio de Política Territorial y Administración Pública Delegaciones y Subdelegaciones del Gobierno (Unidades de Protección Civil) CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATIONS - STATE Ayuntamiento Concejalía Seguridad Servicio de PC (> h) Técnicos PC Voluntarios CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATIONS - AUTONOMOUS REGIONS CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATIONS - MUNICIPALITIES NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

3 LEY 2/1985 de 21 de enero Artículo I collaboration between different Public Administrations and citizen participation (voluntary or compulsory) Exposición de motivos (Foreword) must act through the process of management, planning, coordination and management of various public services Directrices Básicas to prepare emergency plans (territorial and Special) ANTICIPATION PREVENTION PLANNING INTERVENTION REHABILITATION Ley 2/1985 Norma Básica (R.D. 407/1992) The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

4 Danger (P.R 50, 100 and 500 years). National database on areas affected by flooding and related geological phenomena. CNIH Vulnerability. Conditions for people, goods, facilities, infrastructure and natural elements. Identification and classification of high risk areas, significant and low. Mapping of flood hazard areas are classified according to how often they are repeated over time and of expected damage. CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

5 CATÁLOGO DE INUNDACIONES HISTÓRICAS 1983: The National Commission for Civil Protection provides the Technical Committee for Flood Emergency (CTEI), with the participation of the organs of state administration competent in this field : We do the work of the CTEI, highlighting the historical flood studies (2,588 flood detected) and potential risk areas (1,036 localized areas). Comisión Técnica de Emergencia por Inundaciones (CTEI), 1995: Floods catalog Segura Basin (DGPC, UPC of the Government Delegation in Murcia, Segura basin and Territorial Meteorological Centre of Murcia). 1996: It is the State Coordinating Committee (referred to in the Basic Guideline Flood), which established the Working Group on Flood Risk Analysis in Spain. The DGPC presented a technical proposal to address risk assessment studies). 1997: The first phase of the proposal was the elaboration of the National Catalogue of historical floods. To do this, from the experience gained in the Segura basin, develop a methodological guide and promoted, by Circular 4 / 97, the constitution of the various Working Groups basin. 1999: The DGPC compose a work program and convenes a meeting to be made to all agencies involved in the project The National Catalogue of Historical Flood:BACKGROUND The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

6 CNIH PROCESSING I.- Constitution Basin Working Groups ( ). Civil Protection Unit. River Basin Water Administration or competent. Meteorological Center. Regional Delegations of the Insurance Compensation Consortium. Project offices Geological Survey (IGM) Development of the Historic Flood Catalogs basin (years ). Determining the starting episode. Making the list of historic flooding to be tested. II.- Historical Catalogues Basin Flood ( ). Determining the starting episode. Making the list to analyze historical flood. III.- Design of software application for managing CNIH ( 2005). IV.- Integration of basin IH Catalogues in the National Catalogue (years ). V.- CNIH Publication. ( ). January 2007: Segura Basins, Duero and the Balearic Islands February 2008: River Tagus and Júcar July 2008: Watershed of the Ebro and Guadalquivir December 2009: North Rim June 2010: South Basin of the Guadiana and December 2011: Update of all watershed V.- Update CNIH more Indemnity (2011) The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

7 STAGES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CNIH a. ELECTION OF THE EPISODES A CATALOG. Determining the starting episode Making the list of historic flooding to be tested. b. COLLECTION OF INFORMATION. Bibliographical references. Gathering information about the episodes. c. PREPARATION OF THE FINAL FORMS FOR EACH EPISODE. d. IMPLEMENTATION OF DATA IN COMPUTER APPLICATION Writing Guide to homogenize the different tasks of Basin Groups, setting the stage: The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

8 CNIH DESCRIPTION HISTORICAL FLOOD: "All the rivers flood and / or flooding occurred in the different catchment areas of the country that have had an impact on people and property, disrupting normal, since the dawn of history to the present. " TYPES OF FLOODING: Floods due to precipitation in situ. Flood runoff, flood or overflow channels. Flooding due to failure or improper operation of hydraulic infrastructure. RESOURCES: Technical Committee for Flood Emergency (CTEI): from the first century (BC) until years Historic Flood catalogs Basin, from 1947 and until year 2004 Institutional Information Historic Flood: from year 1947 to year 2004, from 1947 and until year 2004 DGPC reports (EMIS; Area Natural Hazards, 112 years;..): from 2,000 to 2,010 years. The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

9 CNIH DESCRIPTION 1 GENERAL DATA OF EPISODE Basin Start date. End date. Title of episode. Observations. References. The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM STORY: CLIMATE DATA Climate description. Synoptic maps Isohyetal Map Rainfall intensity Recorded rainfall. HYDROLOGICAL DATA OF EPISODE Hydrological description Rivers. Peak flows Height of water in the channel. Height of water in flooded areas. Hydrographs / Limnigramas MAJOR DAMAGE Casualties (deaths / wounded / Evacuee). Housing. Water Infrastructure. Transport Infrastructure. Agriculture. Livestock. Industry. Basic Services (Streets and roads / municipal facilities / Drinking Water / Energy / Sanitation / Phone). NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

10 CNIH DESCRIPTION 2 TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF EVENTS Catálogo Año de partida < TOTAL NORTE DUEROsiglo I (AC) TAJO GUADALQUIVIRsiglo I (AC) SEGURA JÚCAR EBROsiglo I (AC) BALEARES TOTAL TOTAL %7,3343,3949,27100 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

11 CNIH DESCRIPTION 2 Number of Victims of Basin [ ] DISTRIBUTION OF DAMAGE CUENCAFALLECIDOSEVACUADOS Baleares20 Duero Ebro Guadalquivir Jucar Norte Segura Tajo Total The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

12 Nº Episodios por años [ ] Nº Episodios por años [ ] DISTRIBUCIÓN TEMPORAL The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM CNIH DESCRIPTION 3 NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

13 DISTRIBUCIÓN TEMPORAL The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM CNIH DESCRIPTION 4 NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

14 Aragón Asturias Cantabria Castilla y León Comunidad Valenciana Illes Balears La Rioja Madrid Murcia Navarra País Vasco Nº Episodios por CCAA [ ] DISTRIBUCIÓN ESPACIAL The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM CNIH DESCRIPTION 5 NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

15 DISTRIBUCIÓN ESPACIAL The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM CNIH DESCRIPTION 6

16 Nº Episodios por Cuencas [ ] BALEARES DUERO EBRO GUADALQUIVIR JUCAR NORTE SEGURA TAJO Nº Episodios por Cuencas [ ] BALEARES DUERO EBRO GUADALQUIVIR JUCAR NORTE SEGURA TAJO DISTRIBUCIÓN ESPACIAL The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM CNIH DESCRIPTION 7 NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

17 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM CNIH DESCRIPTION 8 NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

18 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM CNIH DESCRIPTION 8 NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

19 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM CNIH DESCRIPTION 7 NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION

20 NATIONAL ASSESSMENT BASE EPISODES Base de datos S.I.G.E. BASE NACIONAL DE EVALUACIÓN DE EPISODIOS EMDAT (CRED) The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM PROJECTS

21 Daños ponderados por municipio [0-Actualidad] The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM PROJECTS

22 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM EU flood impact database NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION EU flood impact database Comparative Analysis Spain data pilot exercises-CNIH METHODOLOGY: General Comments Phase I: Identification of similar fields. Phase II: Search records equivalent. II.1 Programming. II.2 CNIH Module consultations. II.3 Enlargement of non CNIH informatión Phase III. Location records are not equivalent. III.1 Programming III.2 CNIH module queries. Final Results.

23 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM EU flood impact database NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION EU flood impact database GENERAL COMMENTS Flood Type: field empty (CNIH includes all the flooding that had consequences for the population, regardless of its cause). -Location: we have included the provinces concerned to make it more homogeneous. -- Riverbasin: we have included only the most important, yet may be excessive, but there are floods in Spain with more than 30 rivers overflowed. - Fatalities: the social impact data easier to find, although there may be major differences between sources of information. - Injured: insignificant information. - Affected: we considered the field CNIH evacuees (which also include the rescued). - Homeless: has been obtained from the destroyed homes and homeless families and in both cases has multiplied by 5. - Economic impact: there has been no estimate of damages, which generally reflected the damages are real and significantly lower than those produced (for lack of information.) The most comprehensive data from the special committees of the Senate, but only accounted for twice. - Cultural Impact and Ecological Impact: not included this information (in the CNIH is included but not specifically).

24 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM EU flood impact database NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION EU flood impact database Methodological USED. Phase I: Identification of similar fields CNIH PILOT EXERCISES Fecha de inicio = Year (start); Month (start); Day (start). Fecha de final = Year (end); Month (end); Day (end). Fallecidos = Fatalities. Heridos = Injured. Evacuados ~ Affected. Ríos afectados = Riverbasin. Municipios afectados ~ Location

25 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM EU flood impact database NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION EU flood impact database Methodological USED. Phase II: Search records equivalent 1.Selection of episodes with date of occurrence greater than or equal to Selection of episodes with 10 or more deaths 3. Selecting events with 100 or more affected 1950-ACTUALIDAD CNIH episode DATA => 1950 YES => 10 FATALITIES => 100 AFFECTED YES EPISODE- EMDAT CRITERIA

26 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM EU flood impact database NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION EU flood impact database 1.Selection of episodes that meet criteria CNIH EM-DAT, which coincide in time with the episodes range EEA_EMDAT 2.Counting and analysis of coincident episodes 3.Summation and analysis of the number of deaths 4.Summation and analysis of the number of affected 5.CNIH module queries 6.Expansion of information (DGPCyE) Phase II: Search equivalent data CNIH EPISODE EEA_EMDAT EPISODE TEMPORAL COINCIDENCE EPISODE SELECTIONCOMPARATIVE NUMBER OF EPISODES COMPARATIVE NUMBER OF FATALITIES COMPARATIVE NUMBER OF AFFECTED

27 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM EU flood impact database NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION EU flood impact database 1.Selection of episodes that meet criteria CNIH EM-DAT and [ ] 2. Counting and analysis of episodes 3. Summation and analysis of the number of deaths 4. Summation and analysis of the number of affected 5.CNIH module queries 6.Expansion of information (DGPCyE) CNIH EPISODE EEA_EMDAT EPISODE TEMPORAL COINCIDENCE EPISODE SELECTIONCOMPARATIVE NUMBER OF EPISODES COMPARATIVE NUMBER OF FACILITIES COMPARATIVE NUMBER OF AFFECTED METHODOLOGY Phase III: Location of non-equivalent data

28 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM EU flood impact database NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION EU flood impact database FINAL RESULTS

29 The National Catalogue of Historical Flood May 19, Brussels; BELGIUM EU flood impact database NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORGANIZATION NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC LAW CIVIL PROTECTION BASIC GUIDELINE TO THE RISK OF FLOODING The National Catalogue of Historical Flood: :BACKGROUND PROCESSING DEVELOPMENT DESCRIPTION EU flood impact database PROPOSALS 1.EM-DAT criteria: modified for a European Base Flood Impact. 2.Sources of information: use to very recent events provided official data sources and remote episodes at least two different sources. 3.Flood Type: consider all types of flooding (with its specific characteristics). 4.Location: set the level of detail for harmonizing concepts. We propose the minimum level administration. 5.Fatalities: obtain this information only one source of official data (and add bibliography). 6.Affected: establish criteria and define concepts and their descriptions. 7.Economic impact: establish a procedure requiring a responsible institution in each country to collect this information. 8.Include the following information: Number of affected municipalities; River basin concerned; Data on maximum rainfall, peak flows (associated with the corresponding return period) and area flooded; Houses affected; Damage to agriculture, industry, infrastructure and basic services.

30 DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE PROTECCIÓN CIVIL Y EMERGENCIAS Área de Riesgos Naturales MUCHAS GRACIAS ALMUDENABUSTAMANTE GIL TÉCNICO DE RIESGOS NATURALES Y ANTRÓPICOS SUBDIRECCION DE PLANES OPERACIONES Y EMERGENCIAS DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE PROTECCIÓN CIVIL Y EMERGENCIAS. Quintiliano Madrid España TL FAX GREGORIO PASCUAL SANTAMARIA JEFE DE ÁREA DE RIESGOS NATURALES SUBDIRECCION DE PLANES OPERACIONES Y EMERGENCIAS DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE PROTECCIÓN CIVIL Y EMERGENCIAS. Quintiliano Madrid España TL FAX


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