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Introduction Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Welcome to the Spanish I tutorial for the preterite of regular verbs! Take this opportunity to review previous knowledge of regular verbs and enhance your knowledge of the preterite tense. Pay close attention to the information given and any examples provided; at the end of the the tutorial, you will be required to complete an assessment.review previous knowledge of regular verbs assessment What knowledge do I need to get started? For you to benefit from this tutorial, you must have completed at least one or two semesters of Spanish I and have a solid knowledge of the present tense, as well as meanings and definitions of some of the most common verbs in Spanish. Having an introductory knowledge of the preterite tense would also be helpful. What if I dont do well on the assessment the first time? Try again and take some extra time to review the material and information provided; you may complete this tutorial as many times as needed. Im ready to get started. Great! Click the arrow icon (Continue) toward the bottom-right of the screen. Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed

2 What is a verb conjugation? A verb conjugation is the form of a verb that agrees with the subject (i.e. I am, not I is). What do verbs look like in Spanish? In Spanish, verbs will end in in –ar, -er, or -ir. To change the tense (and conjugation), we must drop the –ar, -er, or –ir ending and replace it with a different ending. The present tense and preterite (past tense) endings (for regular verbs) are shown below. (Notice the differences between the two and the use of any accents.) Present tense endings (review): -ar verbs: -o, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an -er verbs: -o, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en -ir verbs: -o, -es, -e, -imos, -ís, -en Preterite tense endings: -ar verbs: -é, -aste, -ó, -amos, -asteis, -aron -er verbs: -í, -íste, -ió, -imos, -isteis, -ieron -ir verbs: -í, -íste, -ió, -imos, -isteis, -ieron The Present and Past Tense of Regular Verbs Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed Note: -er and –ir verbs use the same endings in the preterite.

3 The Preterite of Regular –AR Verbs Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed Remember that verbs in Spanish are conjugated by dropping the ending (in this case, -ar) and replacing it with another. Unlike in English, Spanish verbs can be used without the subject pronoun, so it is especially important to include the correct ending. In other words, both él habló and habló mean he spoke; in general, the endings also change the subject. I thought hablo meant I speak. It does! Look at the above chart carefully and observe which endings carry an accent. Hablo and habló, while they both come from hablar, are two different tenses and for two different subjects. Regular Verb yotúél, ella, usted nosotrosvosotrosellos/as, ustedes hablarhabléhablastehablóhablamoshablasteishablaron comercomícomiste comiócomimoscomisteiscomieron abrirabríabristeabrióabrimosabristeisabrieron

4 The Preterite of Regular –AR Verbs: Chart Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Practice: Give the correct preterite conjugation of the –ar verbs. Click to reveal answers. they passed (ellos/pasar) she painted (ella/pintar) we walked (nosotros/caminar) you waited (tú/ esperar) I bought (yo/comprar) Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed Regular Verb yotúél, ella, usted nosotrosvosotrosellos/as, ustedes hablarhabléhablastehablóhablamoshablasteishablaron comercomícomiste comiócomimoscomisteiscomieron abrirabríabristeabrióabrimosabristeisabrieron ellos pasaron ella pintó nosotros caminamos tú esperaste yo compré

5 The Preterite of Regular –ER/IR Verbs Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed Regular Verb yotúél, ella, usted nosotrosvosotrosellos/as, ustedes hablarhabléhablastehablóhablamoshablasteishablaron comercomícomiste comiócomimoscomisteiscomieron abrirabríabristeabrióabrimosabristeisabrieron Remember that verbs in Spanish are conjugated by dropping the ending (in this case, -er and - ir) and replacing it with another. Unlike in English, Spanish verbs can be used without the subject pronoun, so it is especially important to include the correct ending. In other words, both él comió and comió means he ate; in general, the endings also change the subject. I thought abrimos was the present tense conjugation for we open. Abrimos means both we open and we opened. This may be confusing, but consider this: In spoken English, when someone uses theyre, their, or there, you understand which is which based on the context alone. The use of -imos (and -amos) for both the present and past tense for nosotros is similar; the difference is based on the c ontext in which it is used.c ontext in which it is used

6 Give the correct preterite conjugation of these –er/–ir verbs. Click to reveal answers. they ran (ellos/correr) she received (ella/recibir) we sold (nosotros/vender) you lived (tú/ vivir) I decided (yo/decidir) The Preterite of Regular –ER/IR Verbs: Chart Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed Regular Verb yotúél, ella, usted nosotrosvosotrosellos/as, ustedes hablarhabléhablastehablóhablamoshablasteishablaron comercomícomiste comiócomimoscomisteiscomieron abrirabríabristeabrióabrimosabristeisabrieron ellos corrieron ella recibió nosotros vendimos tú viviste yo decidí

7 Terms Commonly Used with the Preterite (Clue Words) Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue In which circumstances should the preterite be used? The preterite is used to communicate completed actions in the past. Ongoing actions in the past (things that used to occur) are communicated with a different verb form (which will not be addressed in this particular tutorial). There are also several terms in Spanish that imply an action occurred and was completed in the past. Take a moment to review the following vocabulary list and examples provided. ayer (yesterday), anteayer (the day before yesterday), el mes pasado (last month), el año pasado (last year), la semana pasada (last week) Any month or day of the week followed by pasado or pasada should also be used with the preterite. Examples: Ayer, yo compré un disco compacto. – Yesterday, I bought a CD. El mes pasado, mi familia y yo viajamos a España. – Last month, my family and I traveled to Spain. Ellos asistieron a escuela el lunes pasado. – They attended school last Monday. Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed

8 Assessment: Instructions Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Begin Before you begin: The purpose of the following assessment is to identify your general understanding of the previous content. Although the navigational links will be unavailable once you continue, you are welcome to attempt the assessment or review the tutorial as many times as needed. You may select items (to the left) to review before continuing. This assessment is not intended to be comprehensive or used in isolation as a review. Although correct answers may be an indicator of your successful completion of this tutorial, it is important that you continue to review and practice this content on a regular basis and through a variety of means. Example question: Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for I spoke? A) hablo B) habla C) hablé (correct) D) hablí What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for I spoke? A) hablo B) habla C) hablé (correct) D) hablí Skip Assessment

9 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 1.What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for I ran? A) corré C) corrí B) corro D) corre Skip Assessment

10 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed Lo siento. ¡Inténtalo otra vez! Sorry, try again! (Click to go back.) Lo siento. ¡Inténtalo otra vez! Sorry, try again! (Click to go back.) Skip Assessment

11 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 1.What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for I ran? A) corré C) corrí B) corro D) corre ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) Skip Assessment

12 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 2. What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for they swam? A) nadan C) nadieron B) naden D) nadaron Skip Assessment

13 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 2. What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for they swam? A) nadan C) nadieron B) naden D) nadaron ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) Skip Assessment

14 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 3. What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for she found? A) encontró C) encontre B) encuentra D) encontro Skip Assessment

15 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 3. What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for she found? A) encontró C) encontre B) encuentra D) encontro ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) Skip Assessment

16 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 4. What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for they opened? A) abraron C) abren B) abran D) abrieron Skip Assessment

17 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 4. What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for they opened? A) abraron C) abren B) abran D) abrieron ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) Skip Assessment

18 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 5. What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for I painted? A) pinto C) pinte B) pinté D) pintó Skip Assessment

19 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 5. What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for I painted? A) pinto C) pinte B) pinté D) pintó ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) Skip Assessment

20 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 6. What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for You (familiar) wrote? A) escribes C) escribis B) escribiste D) escribisteis Skip Assessment

21 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 6. What is the correct past tense (preterite) conjugation for You (familiar) wrote? A) escribes C) escribis B) escribiste D) escribisteis ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) Skip Assessment

22 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 7. Which of the following is the correct translation for I visited my grandparents the day before yesterday? A) Visité a mis abuelos ayer pasado. C) Visité a mis abuelos anteayer. B) Visité a mis abuelos ayer. D) Visité a mis abuelos el día pasado. Skip Assessment

23 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 7. Which of the following is the correct translation for I visited my grandparents the day before yesterday? A) Visité a mis abuelos ayer pasado. C) Visité a mis abuelos anteayer. B) Visité a mis abuelos ayer. D) Visité a mis abuelos el día pasado. ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) Skip Assessment

24 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 8. Which of the following is the correct translation for They did not understand the lesson last week.? A) No comprendieron la lección la semana pasada. C) No comprendieron la lección el mes pasado. B) No comprendieron la lección el semana pasado. D) No comprendieron la lección el mes de ayer. Skip Assessment

25 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 8. Which of the following is the correct translation for They did not understand the lesson last week.? A) No comprendieron la lección la semana pasada. C) No comprendieron la lección el mes pasado. B) No comprendieron la lección el semana pasado. D) No comprendieron la lección el mes de ayer. ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) Skip Assessment

26 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 9. What is the difference between hablo and habló? A) different tenses C) different pronunciations B) different subjects D) all of the above Skip Assessment

27 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 9. What is the difference between hablo and habló? A) different tenses C) different pronunciations B) different subjects D) all of the above ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) Skip Assessment

28 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 10. Which subjects and verbs use the same endings in the present and preterite? A) (yo) -ar verbs C) (ellos) –er and –ir verbs B) (nosotros) –ar and –ir verbs D) None. The present and preterite endings are different for all conjugations. Skip Assessment

29 Instructions: Select (click) the correct answer. Assessment: Multiple Choice Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Continue Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed 10. Which subjects and verbs use the same endings in the present and preterite? A) (yo) -ar verbs C) (ellos) –er and –ir verbs B) (nosotros) –ar and –ir verbs D) None. The present and preterite endings are different for all conjugations. ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) ¡Buen trabajo! Good job! (Click here to continue) Skip Assessment

30 Spanish I: Grammar Describing Actions that Were Completed in the Past Introduction The Present and Past Preterite of -AR Verbs Practice Preterite of -ER/IR Verbs Practice Clue Words Assessment Spanish I Grammar: Preterite of Regular Verbs, by Fair Wicker Last Page Viewed You have reached the end of the assessment and tutorial. Take some time to pause and reflect on your learning. Ask yourself the following questions: Do I understand the uses of the preterite? Do I know the preterite endings and common terms used with the preterite? Do I understand the importance of correct accent use and the basic differences between the present and preterite? Continue to review as needed. Assessment End the Tutorial For additional practice go to:


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