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Chapter 8 Leadership in Management Section 8.1 Leadership Qualities.

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1 Chapter 8 Leadership in Management Section 8.1 Leadership Qualities

2 The Main Idea Leaders develop a vision for the organization that they are leading. They move employees and their organization toward that vision. The qualities of leaders include motivation, confidence, communication skills, and integrity.

3 Key Term leadership initiative moving a company in a direction based on a vision the ability make decisions without the help of others

4 Key Term human relations integrity the study of how people interact in the workplace To adhere to a code of ethical values

5 Managing and Leading Others There is more to leadership than just being in charge. leadership taking a company and its employees in a direction based upon a vision

6 Managing and Leading Others Leaders know their business. Leaders know the capabilities of their employees. Leaders can analyze current trends. Leaders have vision and can inspire others. Leaders help a company run smoothly.

7 Managing and Leading Others Some people who are managers are not leaders. They may focus on specific tasks to make sure work gets done, but they may not be visionaries or inspire others.

8 Motivation The three components of motivation are: initiative the ability to act and make decisions without the help or advice of others Inspiring others Initiative Having goals

9 Confidence Being self-confident means knowing what to do and taking action. A confident leader is decisive and makes others feel confident in their leader’s abilities.

10 Communication Skills To deal with some human relations problems, leaders have to apply conflict resolution techniques. human relations the study of how people interact in the workplace and how communication can be improved

11 Communication Skills A mentor is a trusted counselor or guide. As mentors, leaders can better understand employees and their needs.

12 Integrity Integrity is the most highly valued quality in a leader. Leaders need to set a good example and follow standards. integrity an adherence to a code of ethical values such as honesty, loyalty, and fairness

13 Graphic Organizer Developing Leadership Skills Read books, watch videos, and take courses on leadership. Work with someone who has leadership ability and study what he or she does. Join a club, a team, a drama group, or a community organization. Take the initiative at school, at work, or in club activities.

14 1.Why are some managers not leaders? Some managers are not leaders because they do not have a vision for the organization and do not inspire others to work toward a vision.

15 2.What are the three motivational qualities that leaders have? The three motivational qualities that leaders have are initiative, ability to motivate others, and ability to set goals.

16 3.How can leadership skills be developed? by taking courses on leadership, studying a leader, joining a club, or taking initiative

17 Chapter 8 Section 2

18 Read to Learn Identify and describe the autocratic, democratic, and free-reign leadership styles. Describe the self-managed team approach and the two ways in which such an approach is organized.

19 The Main Idea Leaders differ in the leadership styles that they use. Autocratic, democratic, and free-reign leadership are common styles. The leadership style that should be used depends on the work to be done and the type of worker being managed.

20 Key Term autocratic leadership a leadership style in which one person runs everything and makes all the decisions without consulting others

21 Key Term democratic leadership a leadership style in which managers work with employees to make decisions

22 Key Term free-reign leadership a leadership style that requires the leader to set goals for managers and employees and then leave them alone to get the job done

23 Key Term delegating self-managed teams giving managers and employees the power to run things and make decisions work groups that supervise themselves

24 Types of Leadership Different leaders have different styles. Some leaders rule with strict discipline while others leave employees alone to do their work.

25 Graphic Organizer Types of Leadership Autocratic DemocraticFree-Reign

26 Autocratic Leadership A leader with an autocratic leadership style assumes that others must have decisions made for them. autocratic leadership a leadership style in which one person runs everything and makes all decisions without consulting others

27 Autocratic Leadership Autocratic leaders may find that many people do not like to work for them. This style of leadership may be useful for firefighters, combat troops, and police officers.

28 Democratic Leadership In a democratic leadership, new ideas are encouraged. democratic leadership a style in which managers work with employees to make decisions

29 Democratic Leadership In a democratic leadership, the leader still makes the final decision. A democratic leader assumes that people have ideas and are inclined to contribute.

30 Free-Reign Leadership Another name for free-reign leadership is hands- off leadership. free-reign leadership a leadership style that requires the leader to set goals for managers and employees and then leave them alone to get the job done

31 Free-Reign Leadership Free-rein leaders have no problem delegating. delegating giving managers and employees the power to run things and make decisions Free-rein leaders are involved in broader decisions.

32 Graphic Organizer Reasons for Delegating Managers do not have time to do everything. Managers can focus on more important work. Employees have more ownership of the production process. Employees have a chance to develop their own potential.

33 Leadership in Teams Many companies put workers in self-managed teams. self-managed teams work groups that supervise themselves

34 Self-Managed Teams Japan The use of the self-managed team approach started in Japan and came to the United States in the 1980s.

35 Self-Managed Teams In a self-managed team, the leader is a team player rather than a boss. The leader learns a range of jobs instead of just one.

36 The Organization of the Self-Managed Team Self-managed teams are organized in two ways: 1.The team selects one leader. 2.Each team member employs specialized skills, but there is no team leader.

37 The Organization of the Self-Managed Team The theory behind self-managed teams is that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.

38 Graphic Organizer Advantages of Self-Managed Teams They are more goal-oriented than task-oriented. Team members have a chance to learn each other’s job and obtain new skills. Team members learn to participate and cooperate. Self-managed teams learn to solve their own problems Disadvantages of Self-Managed Teams Some people do not have the skills and initiative to work together productively.

39 1.In which situations is an autocratic style of leadership useful? when dealing with unmotivated or unskilled employees or in emergency situations

40 2.Why should a manager delegate authority? when a job is time consuming, requires special skills, or to give workers more responsibility

41 3.Name a similarity and a difference between free-reign management and self-managed teams. Both give freedom to the employee. Free-rein management involves individuals working alone. Several people are involved in a self-managed team.


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