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Lesson 1 A Diverse Nation. "Culture is a cluster of intangible and tangible aspects of life passed down from generation to generation." Dr. Felipe Korzenny,

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 1 A Diverse Nation. "Culture is a cluster of intangible and tangible aspects of life passed down from generation to generation." Dr. Felipe Korzenny,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 1 A Diverse Nation

2 "Culture is a cluster of intangible and tangible aspects of life passed down from generation to generation." Dr. Felipe Korzenny, Professor

3 In this lesson, you will: Define culture and cultural diversity Recognize the scale of diversity in the United States Define demographics Investigate personal biases Compare generalizations and stereotypes Objectives

4 Culture is the system of shared attitudes, values, and beliefs that are common among a group of people. Culture includes societal aspects, such as language, customs, values, art, and social norms, that are taught and passed down from generation to generation. It can be as large as a society or as small as the culture within a household. Culture

5 our behavior, including how we think, act, and feel. how we communicate and interact with others. how we feel about things like pain, medicine, healthcare, illness, and disability. In order to give our patients the best possible care, we must first understand the importance of culture and its influences. Culture Our culture affects:

6 In 1976, American anthropologist Edward T. Hall developed what he called the iceberg analogy of culture. Iceberg Analogy He said that if the culture of a society was an iceberg, some aspects of culture would be easy to see, above the surface. However, below the water, there is a much larger portion of culture, hidden beneath the surface.

7 Cultural Diversity Cultural diversity is the cultural differences and variety that exist in the world, a society, or an institution. Including, but not limited to: race religion socioeconomic status gender place of residence disability health status sexual orientation age geographic origin

8 Properly Handling Cultural Diversity Properly handling cultural diversity significantly affects: how patients respond to medical services and interventions the type of quality care that patients receive Healthcare professionals must be sensitive to the cultural practices of patients and take these practices into consideration in their communication and the delivery of treatment. Cultural diversity not only exists among your patients, but also among your co-workers.

9 United States Census The United States government collects an official count of the population, or census, every 10 years. Respondents self-identify their race and ethnicity. Race - a person’s physical characteristics, such as their skin color, hair color, or eye color. Ethnicity - cultural factors, such as nationality, regional culture, and language. The data collected is used to inform many federal programs and policy decisions, especially related to civil rights and equal opportunities, including healthcare.

10 Demographics Demographics - the statistical data of the population in a specific area. Demographics can help you identify the type of diversity you may encounter most often in your local area.

11 Personal Bias Biases - feelings that lead to certain behaviors. Personal bias - allowing your own feeling about a particular person or thing affect your actions or decisions. Even the most enlightened, intelligent, and caring professionals have some personal biases, even if they are completely unintentional. Recognizing and understanding your own personal biases can help you more easily avoid unfair judgments.

12 Personal Bias Here are a few examples of personal bias: 1. Treating patients differently because of their weight 2. Prejudice related to a person’s sexual preference 3. Discrimination based on race or religion 4. Beliefs that someone who cannot afford health insurance should receive less care 5. Gender discrimination 6. Assuming a patient with broken English is uneducated

13 Generalizations vs. Stereotypes A cultural generalization is made by looking at the majority of people in a cultural group and using their societal norms to make a generalization about the group’s behavior and patterns. Used as a guide for studying and understanding culture. Stereotypes are made by automatically applying generalizations to every member of a group, or making generalizations about a group based on the behavior of a few individuals. Often incorrect, and in many cases are hurtful or derogatory. All athletes are party animals.Some athletes like to celebrate and unwind after a game. Often use the words “some” or “many”. Explore differences in people and are not used for comparison or judgment.

14 Generalizations vs. Stereotypes Latinos are always closed to outsiders; they only do business among themselves. Trust is important in the Latino community; to do business, you first need to build relationships. Which statement is a generalization, and which is a stereotype? Stereotype Generalization

15 No individual is an exact generalization of their culture of origin. People are a unique blend of the diversity from within their culture and an accumulation of personal experiences.

16 In this lesson, you: Defined culture and cultural diversity Recognized the scale of diversity in the United States Defined demographics Investigated personal biases Compared generalizations and stereotypes Summary

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