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GENETIC Intrapersonal determinants of behavior -- biological and psychological. ENVIRONMENTAL Environmental influences on behavior: all social and cultural.

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Presentation on theme: "GENETIC Intrapersonal determinants of behavior -- biological and psychological. ENVIRONMENTAL Environmental influences on behavior: all social and cultural."— Presentation transcript:

1 GENETIC Intrapersonal determinants of behavior -- biological and psychological. ENVIRONMENTAL Environmental influences on behavior: all social and cultural contexts. BIOLOGICALPSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIAL Social Context. Interpersonal relationships. Family, School, Peers CULTURAL Political, Economic, Legal, Media Informational Environment Entertainment, News, Advertising, Etc. Values Environment Religion, Etc. Relationships Among Family, School/Peers, Community Role Models Behavior and Attitudes of Significant Others General Personality and Temperament General Intelligences ??? ??? Physiological basis of cognitive regulation ??? Physiological basis of affect regulation Behavioral and emotional control Abilities General cognitive, physical, social, emotional skills Perceived Norms Perceived behavior and attitudes of significant others Bonding, Attachments Relationships with significant others General Knowledge General Values Evaluations Values-driven evaluations of the consequences Consequences Knowledge-derived consequences of the particular behavior Motivation to Please Significant others regarding the specific behavior Perceived Expectations Of Others for Your Behavior Self-Control, Determination Behavioral/emotional control regarding the specific behavior Specific Skills Skills related to the specific behavior Physical Reactions Expected physiological reactions as a result of the particular behavior. Self-Confidence Degree of confidence that I can do the particular behavior and achieve the desired outcomes (Self-Efficacy). Perceived Acceptance Degree to which significant others would approve or disapprove of my doing the behavior (Social Normative Beliefs). Expected Benefits/Harms Degree to which expected combination of outcomes would be good or bad for me (Attitudes Toward the Behavior). CHOICE Final choice, decision or intention regarding the particular behavior BEHAVIOR Reactions/Feedback/Experience from or to the particular behavior THE QUADRATIC INFLUENCE SYSTEM (QIS)

2 THE QUADRATIC INFLUENCE SYSTEM GENETIC Intrapersonal determinants of behavior: biological and psychological. ENVIRONMENTAL Environmental influences on behavior: all social and cultural contexts. BIOLOGICALPSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIAL Social Context. Interpersonal relationships. Family, School, Peers CULTURAL Political, Economic, Legal, Media Informational Environment Entertainment, News, Advertising, Etc. Values Environment Religion, Etc. Role Models Behavior and Attitudes of Significant Others General Personality and Temperament General Intelligences ?Cognitive Development ? ?Hormonal Development ? Bonding, Attachments Relationships with significant others ??? Physiological basis of affect regulation Evaluations Values-driven evaluations of the consequences Consequences Knowledge-derived consequences of the particular behavior Motivation to Please Significant others regarding the specific behavior Perceived Expectations Of Others for Your Behavior Self-Control, Determination Behavioral/emotional control regarding the specific behavior Specific Skills Skills related to the specific behavior Physical Reactions Expected physiological reactions as a result of the particular behavior. Self-Confidence Degree of confidence that I can do the particular behavior and achieve the desired outcomes (Self-Efficacy). Perceived Acceptance Degree to which significant others would approve or disapprove of my doing the behavior (Social Normative Beliefs). Expected Benefits/Harms Degree to which expected combination of outcomes would be good or bad for me (Attitudes Toward the Behavior). CHOICE, decision or intention Reactions/Feedback/Experience from or to the particular behavior Trial Behavior BEHAVIOR Related Behaviors ??? Physiological basis of cognitive regulation

3 THE QUADRATIC INFLUENCE SYSTEM GENETIC Intrapersonal determinants of behavior: biological and psychological. ENVIRONMENTAL Environmental influences on behavior: all social and cultural contexts. BIOLOGICALPSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIAL CULTURAL Informational Environment Values Environment. Role Models Personality, Temperament General Intelligences Cognitive Development Hormonal Development Bonding, Attachments Cognitive Regulation Affect Regulation EvaluationsExpectancies Motivation to Please Perceived Expectations Self- Control Specific Skills Physical Reactions Self-EfficacySocial Normative BeliefsAttitudes Toward Behavior CHOICE, decision or intention Reactions/Feedback/Experience from or to the particular behavior Trial Behavior BEHAVIOR Related Behaviors

4 GENETIC Biological and psychological determinants of behavior. ENVIRONMENTAL Social and cultural influences on behavior REACTIVITY SELF-CONFIDENCESOCIAL ACCEPTANCECONSEQUENCES CHOICE, decision or intention REACTIONS/Feedback/Experience from or to the particular behavior BEHAVIOR THE SELF BIOLOGICALPSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIAL CULTURAL A Complex Systems Theory of Behavior THE QUADRATIC INFLUENCE SYSTEM

5 THE QUADRATIC INFLUENCE SYSTEM GENETIC Biological and psychological determinants of behavior. ENVIRONMENTAL Social and cultural influences on behavior BIOLOGICALPSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIAL CULTURAL Informational Environment Values Environment. Role Models Personality, Temperament General Intelligences Cognitive Development Hormonal Development Bonding, Attachments Affect Regulation EvaluationsExpectancies Motivation to Please Perceived Expectations Self- Control Specific Skills Physical Reactions Self-EfficacySocial Normative BeliefsAttitudes Toward Behavior CHOICE, decision or intention Reactions/Feedback/Experience from or to the particular behavior Trial Behavior BEHAVIOR Related Behaviors Cognitive Regulation

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8 THE QUADRATIC INFLUENCE SYSTEM System Postulates I: Each behavioral choice is influenced by a complex system of factors All behavior choices are influenced by GENETIC and ENVIRONMENTAL factors Both genetic and environmental factors have two “streams of influence” Genetic streams of influence are BIOLOGICAL and PSYCHOLOGICAL Environmental streams of influence are SOCIAL and CULTURAL

9 All four (quadratic) streams of influence each have two substreams (making 8 altogether): –4 informative/cognitive/thoughts substreams –4 control/affective/feelings substreams All (sub)streams of influence flow from causes most distant (ultimate and distal) to causes closest to (proximal to) the behavior of interest -- a cascade of multiple and interacting influences –Proximal causes predict most behavior –Distal and ultimate causes help explain it THE QUADRATIC INFLUENCE SYSTEM System Postulates II:

10 Most influences can have positive or negative values; –The more positive influences there are, the more likely is positive behavior –The more negative influences there are, the more likely is negative behavior The most proximal control/affect factors have values (probabilities) that range from zero to one THE QUADRATIC INFLUENCE SYSTEM System Postulates III:

11 Once a behavior occurs, the resulting reactions/experiences (thoughts and feelings) feed back to change the original causes Feedback changes the likelihood of engaging in the same or a similar behavior in the future Thus, causes and effects continuous cycle: –with each behavior changing the causes, and –the changed causes leading to the same, similar or different behavior over time THE QUADRATIC INFLUENCE SYSTEM System Postulates IV:

12 The reactions to certain behaviors feed back to influence the causes of related behaviors –e.g., smoking and other drug use Related behaviors have similar causes, with the more distal causes being the most similar Less related behaviors (e.g., smoking and skiing) have fewer causes in common Even related behaviors have some differences in proximal causes THE QUADRATIC INFLUENCE SYSTEM System Postulates V:


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