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Parameter scan for the CLIC damping rings July 23rd, 2008 Y. Papaphilippou Thanks to H. Braun, M. Korostelev and D. Schulte

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CLIC damping rings parameters Lattice Two rings of racetrack shape at energy of 2.424GeV Arcs filled with 1.8m long TME cells and straight sections contain FODO cells with damping wigglers, giving total length of 365.2m Phase advance per TME cell was kept to 210 o in the horizontal and 90 o in the vertical plane, providing a detuning factor of 1.8 The chromaticity is controlled by two sextupole families.

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CLIC DR parameters II Injection, extraction and timing Interleaved bunch train scheme abandoned due to its complexity. Reduction of the repetition rate from 150 to 50Hz leaves enough time for the emittances to reach their equilibrium. Bunch spacing increased almost the same level as for the interleaved scheme. 312 bunches with the above mentioned bunch spacing fill 13% of the rings. Damping wigglers and horizontal emittance Stronger wiggler fields and shorter wiggler wavelengths are necessary to reach target emittance due to strong IBS effect. With super-conducting wigglers of 2.5T and 5cm period, the achieved normalized horizontal emittance drops below 400nm. Energy loss /turn increased, while damping times decreased RF voltage had to increase to 4.1MV in order to provide enough energy recovery while keeping the longitudinal emittance below 5000eV.m. Vertical emittance Vertical emittance growth dominated by vertical dispersion and less by coupling. Vertical emittance of 4.1nm includes non-vanishing dispersion invariant for the vertical plane, and uses the complete set of coupled differential equations for evaluating the effect of IBS.

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Bunch charge and longitudinal emittance Horizontal emittance scales as Vertical and longitudinal emittance have weaker dependence to bunch charge (of the same order) confirming that vertical emittance dominated by vertical dispersion. When relaxing longitudinal emittance constraint of 5keV.m (decreasing RF voltage), horizontal emittance presents inverse square root dependence (reduced by 25%) Vertical emittance dependence is much weaker and scaled as

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5 Horizontal emittance vs. energy The horizontal emittance is with the relative damping factor Assume the damping partition number (i.e. no gradient in dipoles) and constant bending angle and dipole field. As, the dipole length and the circumference should be scaled as well with energy Scaling the total wiggler length with energy makes the relative damping factor energy independent The average beta function in a wiggler FODO cell is and scales as the wiggler length or the energy, considering constant focal length Keeping the wiggler characteristics (field, period) constant, the first term is scaled with the square of the energy whereas the second is energy independent Finally, the horizontal normalized emittance is Note also that the horizontal damping time is Y.P., 23/07/2008 CLIC Beam dynamics meeting

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6 Longitudinal emittance vs.energy The longitudinal normalised emittance can be defined as The slippage factor is approximately equal to the momentum compaction factor which can be written as Under the previous assumptions the momentum compaction factor is energy independent The synchrotron frequency isand taking into account that the harmonic number is, the synchrotron frequency is assuming an increase of the RF voltage with the energy loss per turn The bunch length is and the momentum spread Finally the longitudinal normalised emittance is Y.P., 23/07/2008 CLIC Beam dynamics meeting

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7 IBS dominated emittances vs.energy Numerical scaling obtained, by integrating coupled difference equations of standard IBS theory. Longitudinal and horizontal emittance scale approximately and For constant longitudinal emittance and high energies (small effect of IBS) whereas for low energies (IBS dominates) Y.P., 23/07/2008 CLIC Beam dynamics meeting

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8 IBS dominated emittances vs.energy Vertical emittance follows a quadratic polynomial law For constant longitudinal emittance, it scales linearly with energy for high energies. For low energies saturates to constant value. Y.P., 23/07/2008 CLIC Beam dynamics meeting

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9 Y.P., 23/07/2008 Concluding remarks Scaling laws have been derived for relevant damping ring parameters Clear dependence of horizontal emittance on bunch charge and longitudinal emittance Dependence on energy more complicated for IBS dominated beams These scaling laws are used to define conservative DR parameters for the 500GeV energy option, based on the parameters of operating or future light sources (i.e. SLS, NSLSII)

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