3 Flag of IndiaTHE NATIONAL FLAG OF INDIA is in tricolour ( TIRANGA) of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportions.The Indian flag is a horizontal tricolour in equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. The ratio of the width to the length of the flag is two is to three. In the centre of the white band, there is a wheel in navy blue to indicate the Dharma Chakra, the wheel of law in the Sarnath Lion Capital. This center symbol or the 'CHAKRA', is a Buddhistsymbol dating back to 200th century BC.Its diameter approximates the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes, which intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation. The saffron stands for courage, sacrifice and the spirit of renunciation; the white, for purity and truth; the green for faith and fertility.The design of the National Flag of India was adopted by India's constituent assembly on 22nd july, It's use and display are regulated by a code.The flag symbolizes freedom. The late Prime Minister Pandit Nehru called it a flag not only of freedom for ourselves, but a symbol of freedom for all people
5 Designer of Indian Flag Pingali Venkayya (Telugu:పింగళి వెంకయ్య) (August 2, July 4, 1963) was the designer of the Indian national flag. He was born in , near Masulipatnam or the present day Machilipatnam of Andhra Pradesh, India to Hanumantharayudu and Venkataratnamma. After high school at Machlipatnam, he went to Colombo to complete his Senior Cambridge. On returning to India, he worked as a railway guard, then as a government employee at Bellary, and later moved to Lahore to join the Anglo-Vedic college to study Urdu and Japanese.
6 Freedom Fighters of India Name : Abbas Tyabji Date of birth : Date of Death : Jun 9, 1936 Place of birth : Gujarat, India Place of death :Name : Aravinda Ackroyd Ghosh Date of Birth : August 15, Date of Death : Dec 5, Place of Birth : CalcuttaName : Bal Gangadhar Tilak Alternate name : Lokmanya Tilak Date of Birth : July 23, 1856 Date of Death : August 1, 1920 Place of Birth : Ratnagiri, Maharashtra Movement: Indian Independence MovementName : Ashfaqulla Khan Date of Birth : October 22, 1900 Date of Death : December 19, 1927 Place of Birth : Shahjahanpur, UP.Name : Bagha Jatin Real name : Jatindra Nath Mukherjee Date of birth : 6 December 1879 Date of Death : 10 September 1915 Place of birth : Kayagram, Kushtia District, Bangladesh Place of death : Balasore, Orissa, India Movement: Indian Independence movement,Indo-German ConspiracyName : Benoy Krishna BasuDate of birth : 11 September 1908 Date of Death : Place of birth : Rohitbhog,Munshiganj
7 Freedom Fighters of India Name : Bhagat Singh Date of birth : September 27,1907 Date of Death : March 23, Place of birth : Lyallpur, Punjab Place of death : Lahore, PunjabName : Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya Date of birth : Nov 24, Date of Death : Place of birth : Gundugolanu,Andhra PradeshName : B. R. Ambedkar Full Name : Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Alternate name : Baba Saheb Date of birth : April 14, 1891 Date of Death : December 6, Place of birth : Mhow, Madhya Pradesh, India Place of death : Delhi, IndiaName : Bipin Chandra Pal Date of birth : November 7, Date of Death : May 20, 1932 Place of birth : Sylhet, Bangladesh Place of death : Sylhet,BangladeshName : Chittaranjan Das Date of birth : November 5, 1870 Date of Death : June 16, Place of birth : Calcutta, India Place of death : Darjeeling, IndiaName : Chandrasekhar Azad Earlier Name : Chandrasekhar Tiwari Date of birth : July 23, 1906 Date of Death : February 27, Place of birth : Bhavra, JhabuaDistrict, Madhya Pradesh Place of death : Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
8 Freedom Fighters of India Name : Jawaharlal Nehru Date of birth : 14 November 1889 Date of Death : May 27, 1964 Place of birth : Allahabad Place of death : New Delhi, IndiaName : C.Rajagopalachari or Rajaji Full Name : Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari Date of birth : December 10, 1878 Date of Death : December 25, 1972Name : Gopal Krishna Gokhale Date of birth : May 9, 1866 Date of Death : February 19, 1915 Place of birth : Kothluk, Ratnagiri District, Maharastra, India. Place of death : Bombay, India.Name : Lal Bahadur Shastri Date of birth : 2 October Date of Death : January 11, Place of birth : Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh Place of death : TashkentName : Lala Lajpat Rai Date of birth : January 28, Date of Death : November 17, Place of birth : Firozpur, Punjab, India
9 Freedom Fighters of India India's "Father of the Nation" Name : Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Other Name : Mahatma Gandhi Date of birth : 2 October Date of Death : January 30, Place of birth : Porbandar, Gujarat Place of death : New Delhi, India
10 Freedom Fighters of India Name : Motilal Nehru Date of birth : May 6, Date of Death : February 6, Place of birth : India Place of death : Lucknow, IndiaName : Rabindranath Tagore Date of birth : May 7, 1861 Date of Death : Aug 7, 1941 Place of birth : Calcutta, India Place of death : Calcutta, IndiaIn office January 26, 1950 – May Date of birth : December 3, Date of Death : February 28, Place of birth : Saran District, Bihar, IndiaName : Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Date of birth : 31 October Date of Death : 15 December Place of birth : Nadiad, Gujarat, India Place of death : Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
11 Freedom Fighters of India Name : Subhas Chandra Bose Date of birth : January 23, Date of Death : August 18, Place of birth : Cuttack, Orissa, India Place of death : Taihoku,Taiwan
20 History and reason behind design The emblem of India is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.Emperor Ashoka the Great erected the capital atop an Ashoka Pillar to mark the spot where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma and where the Buddhist Sangha was founded. In the original there are four Asiatic lions, standing back to back, mounted on a circular abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening Dharma chakra or Ashoka Chakra wheels over a bell-shaped lotus. It was carved out of a single block of polished sandstoneThe version used as the emblem does not include the fourth lion (since it is hidden from view at the rear) or the bell-shaped lotus flower beneath. The frieze beneath the lions is shown with the Dharma Chakra in the center, a bull on the right and a galloping horse on the left, and outlines of Dharma Chakras on the extreme right and left.Forming an integral part of the emblem is the motto inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script: Satyameva Jayate सत्यमेव जयते (English: Truth Alone Triumphs).  This is a quote from Mundaka Upanishad , the concluding part of the sacred Hindu Vedas.It was adopted as the National Emblem of India on 26 January 1950, the day that India became a republicThe emblem forms a part of the official letterhead of the Government of India, and appears on all Indian currency as well. It also sometimes functions as the national emblem of India in many places and appears prominently on the diplomatic and national Passport of the Republic of India. The wheel "Ashoka Chakra" from its base has been placed onto the center of the National Flag of India
25 General Information About Our Country • India is a Union of States with parliamentary system of Government • Land area: 3.29 million square kilometers • Capital: New Delhi • Population: billion (March 1, 2001) • Climate: mainly tropical with temperature ranging from 10o – 40o C in most parts • Time zone: GMT + 5 1/2 hours • Major international airports: New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Thiruvananthapuram • Major ports of entry: Chennai, Ennore, Haldia, Jawaharlal Nehru, Kolkata, Kandla, Kochi, Mormugao, Mumbai, New Mangalore, Paradip and Tuticorin, VizagBasic Economic Statistics • GDP at current prices ( ): $ 1.16 trillion • GDP (PPP) (2006) = US $4156 (5th largest in the world) • GDP growth rate ( ) : 9% • Exchange rate: Rs.49.77/$ (as on October 29, 2008) • Foreign Exchange reserves: US $ billion (as on ) • Exports ( ): US $159 billion, Growth Rate: 25.8 % • Imports ( ): US $ billion, Growth Rate : 29% • Foreign Direct Investment ( ): US $32.44 • Portfolio Investment (2007): US $17.23 billionPhysical Infra-structure: Power: Capacity of 85,000 megawatts generating nearly 38 billion units of electricity; per capita consumption 315 kwh. Power generation: thermal 75%, hydel 24% and nuclear 1% Telecom: 14.5 million telephone lines, 22,212 telephone exchanges, 1,43,771 route kilometres of terrestrial microwave, radio relay and co-axial cables and 48,632 km of optical fibre system. Civil Aviation: Number of airports; 117; international airports; 5; other airports 86. Passengers carried annually million. Railways: Total route length: 62,915 km. Roads: Total length 3 million km; national highways: 36,000 km; State highways:1,31,000 km. Other roads: 19,35,000km. Ports: Number of major ports: 11, Number of minor operable ports: 139. Coastline:5,600 km.