# CONDITIONALS 3 part lesson- 3 days

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CONDITIONALS 3 part lesson- 3 days
Lesson Plan 4 CONDITIONALS 3 part lesson- 3 days

Phase I: Zero and 1st Conditionals
Day 1

OBJECTIVES PRESENTATION- What is a conditional ?What are zero and 1st conditionals and how do I use them? PRACTICE- Can I recognize zero conditionals and 1st conditionals? Can I use zero conditionals and 1st conditionals in guided exercises? PRODUCTION- Can I use zero conditionals and 1st conditionals in speech and writing ?

What are zero and 1st conditionals and how do I use them?
Presentation What is a conditional? What are zero and 1st conditionals and how do I use them?

WARM-UP EXERCISE- WOULD YOU?
Read the activities listed on the paper and organize into the columns: “I would do this,” “I might do this,” or “I would never do this.” For example I would never go bungee jumping. After find a partner and interview then and record their answers. After we will have a whole class discussion

We will be studying zero, 1st, 2nd and 3rd conditionals.
WHAT IS A CONDITIONAL? A conditional sentence is used to show an if/then relationship between two actions. If I go to the store, I will… We can call the “if” clause the condition clause and the main clause the result clause. In conditional sentences, the verb tense can change- present, past or future. We will be studying zero, 1st, 2nd and 3rd conditionals.

WHAT IS A ZERO CONDITIONAL?
Zero conditionals are used to talk about general truths and laws of nature. We use zero conditionals to talk about things that always happen under certain given conditions. So zero conditionals are facts that will happen or believed to happen under correct circumstances. Zero conditionals also can be used to describe typical reactions to things: If X happens, then I do Y. Often called a real conditional

ZERO CONDITIONALS General Truths: If condition result If it rains, we get wet. If I get wet, I change my clothes. Scientific Facts/ Laws of Nature: If condition result If the water boils, it is not cold

If you heat water to 100°C, it boils.
ZERO CONDITIONALS Tense : Present tense in both clauses Example : Present Tense Present Tense If you heat water to 100°C, it boils. If you pour oil into water, it floats.

“When” instead of “If” Sometimes we use “when” instead of “if”
Both words express law of nature or general truth. For example: If it is cold, I stay inside the house. When it is cold, I stay inside the house.

ATTENTION: If the conditional comes first, you need a comma. When you heat water to 100°C, it boils. You don’t need a comma if the conditional doesn’t come first. Water boils if you heat water to 100°C.

EXAMPLES: If it rains, the grass gets wet.
The grass gets wet if it rains. When there is no air, wood doesn’t burn. When I eat dinner, I am full. Wood doesn’t burn if there is no air. I am full if I eat dinner.

ZERO CONDITIONALS If clause If/when+present simple If the sun shines,
Main clause present simple snow melts. Use scientific facts general truths laws of nature

PRESENTATION EXERCISE

WHAT IS A 1ST CONDITIONAL?
We use the First Conditional to talk about real possibilities/ real conditionals. There are two parts to 1st conditionals: if clause(condition) and the result clause. The first conditional is used with events that will likely happen in the future. If X happens, the Y will happen. Use the present tense in the if clause (condition). Use the future tense in the result. If it rains, I will get wet. If I don’t study for the test, I will fail it. Unlike Zero conditionals 100%, 1st conditionals are based upon a probability

What are 2nd & 3rd conditionals and how do I use them?
Presentation What are 2nd & 3rd conditionals and how do I use them?

If it is sunny, we will go the park.
1ST CONDITIONALS Tense : Present tense in if clauses. Future tense in results clause. Example : Present Tense Future Tense If it is sunny, we will go the park. If you study, you will pass the test.

ATTENTION: If the conditional comes first, you need a comma. If it is sunny, we will go the park. You don’t need a comma if the conditional doesn’t come first. We will go to the park if it is sunny.

EXAMPLES If it rains, we will stay home.
When I get the job, I will move to Brazil. We will stay home if it rains. I will move to Brazil if I get the job.

1ST CONDITIONAL If it rains, we will stay home.
Often we use “will” in the result clause. However we can substitute will with other words, depending on the meaning we want to convey. Might (possibility) Can (stronger possibility) Should (suggestion) If it rains, we will stay home. If it rains, we might stay home. If it rains, we can stay home. If it rains, we should stay home.

1ST CONDITION- NEGATIVE FORM
One or both clauses can be negative. Remember the if clause (present) and the result clause ( future) If it rains, we won’t go. We won’t go if it rains. If it rains, we can’t go. We can’t go if it rains. If I don’t get the job, I won’t move to Brazil. I won’t move to Brazil if I don’t get the job.

1ST CONDITION – QUESTION FORM
The “if” clause in a question is always expressed in present time. The main clause is expressed in future time. The if clause may appear either at the beginning or the end of the sentence. If it rains, will we go? If it rains, should we go? If you don’t get the job, can you go to Brazil?

“UNLESS” IN 1ST CONDITIONALS
When the if clause expresses a negative condition, “unless” can be used to replace “if” If + negative form of the auxiliary Unless+ present verb : If you don’t hurry, you will be late. Unless you hurry, you’ll be late. “Unless” is often used in threats to express negative consequences

1ST CONDITIONAL If+present tense If it rains, Unless+ present tense
If CLAUSE If+present tense If it rains, Unless+ present tense Main Clause Future – will, can, should, might Negative we won’t go out. Use real situation (likely to happen in the present or future)

PRESENTATION EXERCISES- remember to try to use alternative words and negatives
Complete the following 1st condition sentences, after rewrite sentences in reverse order. 1. If I _______(go) out tonight, I ______________(go) to the movies. 2. If we ________________(wait), we ______________(be) late. 3. If it rains, we _____________ (find) shelter. 4. If it snows, we ___________(will negative) be able to drive. 5. If you _________(be negative) careful, you ____________(hurt) yourself. 6.What ____________(we) do if it doesn’t rain? 7. Unless he ___________(work), he ___________(pass negative) his course. 8. If you can, you __________(read) that article. 9. If I __________(negative do) have to work late, I __________(come) to your party. 10. I _____________(do) your homework if you _____________(want).

Can I use zero conditionals and 1st conditionals in guided exercises?
Practice Can I use zero conditionals and 1st conditionals in guided exercises? Can I see the differences between zero conditionals and 1st conditionals?

EXERCISE 1 This hand-out has 2 parts: In the first part, decide whether the sentence is zero conditional or 1st conditional. In the second part, complete the sentences. Do the work individually (10) and then compare your answers with a partner (10 minutes) After we will look at the sentences as a whole class.

PART I If babies are hungry, they cry. _________
If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes. People die if they don't eat. ________ If I see her, I'll tell her. If I study today, I'll go to the party tonight. You get water if you mix hydrogen and oxygen. ______ If it rains, I won't go to the park. If you touch a fire, you get burned. _______ She'll be late if the train is delayed. If people eat too much, they get fat. _____ She'll miss the bus if she doesn't leave soon. Snakes bite if they are scared. _______

PART II 13.  If you push the button, ____________________________________________. (0) 14. If there is a snowstorm tonight, ___________________________________________. (1) 15. If you heat ice, _____________________________________.(0) 16. If you____________________________________________, you should pass the class.(1) 17. If _______________________________________________, you get the colour purple. (0) 18. Unless you wear shoes, _______________________________________________. (1) 19. If the sun shines, ________________________________________________(0) . 20. You won’t get dessert if _________________________________ .(1)

Production Can I use zero conditionals and 1st conditionals in speech and writing ?

ZERO CONDITIONALS GUESSING GAME
***remember zero conditionals can be about scientific facts, laws of nature and general truths. I will hand-out a worksheet with a number of zero conditional prompts. Individually complete the sentences with a result clause. After I will assign you a partner and read your part of each sentence. Your partner will try to guess what the condition is. You get 2 guesses each. After move on. After find a new partner and repeat.

EXAMPLE DIALOGUE Student A: I go to see my friend.
Student B: I think that when you want to know the latest gossip, you go to see your friend. Student A: No, I don’t. Student B: If you feel stressed, you go to see your friend. Student A: Maybe that’s true, but this sentence is different.

ACTIVITY 2- CHAIN LETTER GAME: Zero and 1st Conditionals
This is a fun whole class activity! Each of you will receive an “if” worksheet and one “if” clause theme. For example you might receive a card with “go to the grocery store” or “ go on vacation” On your sheet record your “if” clause and then pass it to the next person- clockwise. The next person will complete the result ( using either a zero or first conditional.) After they will pass it to the next person who will write a “if” clause based upon the previous result We will continue until the papers are complete. Remember you can use either zero or first conditionals.

EXAMPLE If I go to the grocery store I drive my car.
I will buy food for dinner. 2. If I don’t go to the grocery store You save money I will starve. 3. If you save money, You will be rich. 4. If I am rich, I will take a trip. 5 When I take a trip, I fly.

EXTENSION WORK Complete hand-outs for tomorrow

REFERENCES Cartoons from
ptx/conditionals/conditionals-intermediate-b1/59696 ptx/conditionals/conditionals-intermediate-b1/47142 Charts from (modified) ptx/conditionals/conditionals-intermediate-b1/23648 Hand-outs

Phase II: 2nd & 3rd conditionals
Day 2

OBJECTIVES PRESENTATION- What are 2nd and 3rd conditionals and how do I use them? PRACTICE- Can I recognize 2nd conditionals and 3rd conditionals? Can I use them in guided exercises? PRODUCTION- Can I use 2nd conditionals and 3rd conditionals in speech and writing ?

5 MINUTE REVIEW I need a volunteer-student to lead the review.
Please review what you learned about zero conditionals and 1st conditionals from yesterday. Record all of the information.

WHAT ARE 2ND CONDITIONALS?
We use 2nd conditional to talk about hypothetical, unreal situations or dreams. It is not true, so the results aren’t true either. To talk about impossible present situations.

If had money, I would buy a big house.
2ND CONDITIONALS Tense : Past Simple in if clauses (condition). Present Condition (would + infinitive) in results clause. Example : Past Simple Tense Unreal Condition Present Conditional Imaginary result If had money, I would buy a big house. If I knew his number, I would phone him.

2ND CONDITIONALS We often use “would” but other words can be used.
Could (possibility) – it can be used in the if clause or the result clause. Should (obligation) If I had a million dollars, I should give money to my family. If I had a million dollars, I could travel the world. If I could go anywhere, I would travel to Italy.

EXAMPLES If I had more energy, I would exercise more often.
The meaning is that I don’t have more energy so exercising more is a dream. If I won the lottery, I would buy a new car. (but what are the chances that I win the lottery?) If I could choose my ideal job, I’d be a business owner. (but I’m a teacher.) If I could choose where I lived, I would live somewhere warm. (but this isn’t an option.)

2ND CONDITIONALS Question Form Negative Form
Either clause in a 2nd conditional can be in negative form . If we weren’t so tired, we would go dancing. If we were rich, we shouldn’t work. To form a question with 2nd conditionals (result clause): a question word+ would+ subject+ main verb. If you had a million dollars, what could you do? If we went anywhere, where should you go?

2ND CONDITIONALS If Clause If+past tense If I were rich, Main Clause
would+inf. could+inf. should+inf. I could buy a Ferrari. Use advice or imaginary situation in the present or future (unreal or unlikely to happen)

EXERCISES FOR 2ND CONDITIONALS Complete the sentences, remember to use negatives, questions and alternative words (should and could) If I won the lottery, ______________________ If you won the lottery, What __________ (would, could or should) you do if you ______________? What wouldn’t you do, _________________________________________ ? We __________________(have) helped if ______________________. If you _______________(go) by bicycle, you ________________ (be/not) overweight. If I ______________(be) rich, I _____________________ ______________ If you _____________________(go) to China, you ___________________ (see) the Great Wall of China. If I ____________________________(be) president, I _________________________________ . If I ___________________(be/not) a student, I __________________ be a _________________ .

WHAT ARE 3RD CONDITIONALS?
We use 3rd conditional to talk about hypothetical, unreal situations or unfulfilled dreams in the past which didn’t come true. It is not true, so the results aren’t true either. To talk about impossible past situations. Often used to express regret.

EXAMPLES If I had had more energy, I would have exercised more often.
The meaning is that I didn’t have more energy so I didn’t do it in the past. If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a new car. (but it didn’t happen (past) so I didn’t buy the car) If I could have chosen my ideal job, I would have been a business owner. (but I’m a teacher.) If I could have chosen where I lived, I would have lived somewhere warm. (but this wasn’t an option.)

Would+Have+ participle
3RD CONDITIONALS Tense : Had + past participle in if clauses (conditions). Have+ past participle in results clause. Example : Had/have + participle Unreal Condition Would+Have+ participle Imaginary result If I had know, I would have tried harder. If I had known his number, I would have phoned him. If I could have gone to the party, I would have gone.

3RD CONDITIONALS Could Might
We often use would + have in the results clause but we do use other words: Could Might If I had gone to school, I could have been a pilot. If we had gone to the park, we might have loved it.

3RD CONDITIONALS If Clause If+had+ participle If I had studied harder,
Main Clause would+have+p.p could+have+p.p might+have+p.p I might have passed the exam. Use imaginary situation in the past (regrets, unfulfilled plans,wishes impossible to fulfill, criticism)

3RD EXERCISES- REMEMBER TO USE WOULD, COULD OR MIGHT)
If you _______________(study), you ________________(passed)_____________ . If I _______________(win) the lottery, I ________________________________ . If you ________________(go), you _______________________(have) fun. If she ___________ (be/sick), we would __________________(seen) __________ If they ________________(know), they ____________________(go) to see that terrible movie. If he ________________ (want) help, he ______________ (tell) us. If she _______________(listen) to me, she _________________ (learn) more.

Practice Can I recognize 2nd conditionals and 3rd conditionals? Can I use them in guided exercises?

PART II If I had pushed the button, ________________________________. (3) If there was a snowstorm, ___________________________________________. (2) If I had gone to college, _____________________________________.(3) If you____________________________________________, you would succeed. (2) If had studied, _______________________________________________, . (3) If had money, _______________________________________________. (2) If had a million dollars, ________________________________________________(2) . If I had won a million dollars, _________________________________.(3)

Production Can I use 2nd conditionals and 3rd conditionals in speech and writing ?

“IF I HAD A MILLION DOLLARS”
We are going to listen to a song by The Barenaked Ladies called “ If I had a million dollars.” The song uses 2nd conditionals in an entertaining way. Instructions: I will hand-out a gap-fill-in worksheet. We will listen to the song two times. Try to fill in the blanks

BEFORE WE BEGIN….HERE IS SOME IMPORTANT VOCABULARY
limousine llama John Merrick fridge tree fort Kraft Dinner emu fur coat

“If I Had a Million Dollars”

If I had a \$1,000,000 (If I had a \$1,000,000 ) I’d buy you an exotic pet (like a llama or an emu)

ACTIVITY: WHAT WOULD YOU DO IF YOU HAD A MILLION DOLLARS?
We will now write our own lyrics to the song. What would you do if you had a million dollars? Individually, using the template complete 2 verses from the song. If I had a million dollars, I ________________________. Individual work 10 minutes After we will get in a circle and share our song. WE DON’T HAVE TO SING THE VERSES!!!!

DOES ANYONE KNOW THIS FAMOUS BOAT?
The Titanic

VIDEO

THE TITANIC I will hand-out an article about the causes of the sinking of the Titanic. After find a partner and discuss the comprehension questions. You can use information from the video and reading comprehension to discuss and answer questions. After, as a whole class we will discuss the answers.

NEXT … In pairs I will hand you a character card.
In pairs, you will write a 3rd conditional sentence about the character you were assigned. For example. A ship called the Californian, whose captain, Stanley Lord, had ordered his crew to stop the ship for the night because of the icebergs. When Captain Lord was informed of the flares he failed to respond because he did not think they were important. Nor did the crew of the Californian wake their radio operator, who had gone to bed for the night. It was Captain Stanley Lord’s fault. If he had responded by going to the Titanic, he would have saved the passengers.

THE TITANIC After we will share with the whole class.

REFERENCES Cartoons: Charts: Hand-outs: Photos: Titanic Activity: file:///C:/Users/komar/Desktop/The_Sinking_of_the_Third_Condition.pdf

Phase III: Conditional review and consolidation
Day 3

OBJECTIVES PRESENTATION- What are the similarities and differences between the conditionals? PRACTICE- Can I differentiate between the conditionals? PRODUCTION- Can I use mixed conditionals in speech and writing?

What are the similarities and differences between the conditionals?
Presentation What are the similarities and differences between the conditionals?

Zero Conditional If I study, I pass.

we express a general truth or laws of nature.
ZERO CONDITIONAL ZERO CONDITIONALS If you don’t water flowers, they die. If you have a headache, stop watching TV. If clause: PRESENT SIMPLE Main clause: PRESENT SIMPLE or IMPERATIVE With zero conditional we express a general truth or laws of nature.

FIRST CONDITIONAL If the weather is nice, we will go for a walk.
If you don’t apologize, she will never trust you again. If clause: PRESENT SIMPLE Main clause: FUTURE SIMPLE The first conditional refers to the present and future It expresses a possible condition and its probable result in the future.

SECOND CONDITIONAL If I had a lot of money, I would buy a big house.
If I knew his number, I would phone him. if-clause: PAST TENSE SIMPLE main clause: PRESENT CONDITIONAL would + infinitive The second conditional refers to the present and future. It expresses an unreal situation and its probable result. The situation or condition is improbable, impossible, imaginary, or contrary to known facts.

THIRD CONDITIONAL If I had had a lot of money, I would have bought a big house. If I had known his number, I would have phoned him. if-clause: PAST PERFECT SIMPLE main clause: PAST CONDITIONAL would + have + past participle The third conditional refers to the past and it is not based on facts. It expresses the a situation which is contrary to reality in the past.

FIRST VS. ZERO CONDITIONAL:
Zero Conditional describes a general situation 1st Conditional describes the potential of a particular life situation. If you sit in the sun, you get burned. If you sit in the sun, you will get burned. Which sentence is zero conditional and which is 1st conditional? What are the differences between these two sentences?

FIRST VS. SECOND CONDITIONAL:
1st Conditional describes things that I think are likely to happen in the future. 2nd Conditional talks about things that you don't think will really happen. It depends on my point of view. If she studies harder, she'll pass the exam. If she studied harder, she would pass the exam. Which sentence is 1st conditional and which is 2nd conditional? What are the differences between these two sentences?

SECOND VS. THIRD CONDITIONAL:
2nd Conditional talks about things that I don't think will really happen. It depends on my point of view. 3rd Conditional focuses on past situations or regrets that can’t happen. If I won a million dollars, I would buy a car. If I had won a million dollars, I would have bought a car. Which sentence is 2nd conditional and which is 3rd conditional? What are the differences between these two sentences?

Can I differentiate between the conditionals?
Practice Phase Can I differentiate between the conditionals?

CONSOLIDATION WORKSHEET
I will give each of you a worksheet. In pairs, work through the exercises. After we will compare our answers as a whole class.

Answer Key If there is a snowstorm tonight, the streets will be dangerous. 1 If I had studied harder, I would have passed the exam. 3 If I knew her number, I would call her. 2 If there is a snowstorm, there is snow. 0 If you practice hard, you will succeed. 1 If he had known the way, we wouldn’t have missed the party. 3 The exam will not start unless everyone is present. 1 If she went to bed earlier, she wouldn’t be so tired everyday.2 If you mix red and yellow, you get orange. 0 If I had worked harder, I would have been rich. 3 If the weather wasn’t so cold, we would go outside. 2 If the tickets are available, we will go to the concert. 1 If had won the lottery, I would have bought an expensive house. 3 If we weren’t so tired, we would have gone to the party. 2 If he wants to come, tell him to call me. 0

Can I use mixed conditionals in speech and writing?
Production Phase Can I use mixed conditionals in speech and writing?

Production Phase In groups of three, I will give you 3 sets of cards.
Each card has an “if” statement in either 0,1st,2nd or 3rd conditional. Each of you will write a response and pass it to the next person until each of you in the group has written on all 3 cards. After, have the person who began each card, read the responses. (15 minutes.) Decide which answer is the best. After each group will record on the whiteboard 1 result clause for each card. As a whole class we will compare.

FOR EXAMPLE If I had a million dollars, (2nd)
I would buy 10 golden retrievers and a big house.

REFERENCES Cartoons from
onals/conditionals-intermediate-b1/59696 onals/conditionals-intermediate-b1/47142 Charts from (modified) onals/conditionals-intermediate-b1/23648 Hand-out for production (modified) Conditional review from teach-this.com

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