3 Connecticut Founded: 1636 by Thomas Hooker Reason for Founding: believed government should be based on free consentEconomy: small subsistence farms - growing enough to live and a little extra, grains, corn, fishing, whaling, shipping, lumber, cattle, ironClimate & Geography: cold winters, mild summers, forested hills, rocky soilOther Things You Should Know: Fundamental Orders of Connecticut - first written plan of government (constitution) in America.
5 MassachusettsFounded: 1620 by the Pilgrims, escaping religious persecution by John Winthrop and others part of the Great Migration from the 1630s s,founded the Mass.Bay Colony "a City on a Hill"Reason for Founding: religious freedomEconomy: small subsistence farms, fishing, corn, livestock, whaling, Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding)Climate & Geography: cold winters, warm summers, rich pastures, sandy coast, thick forests, rocky soilOther Things You Should Know: Mayflower Compact in to create laws for the general good of the colony major port city: Boston - because of its deep natural harbor good for trade
7 Rhode IslandFounded: 1636 by Roger Williams accompanied by Anne Hutchinson, both dissenters from Mass. Bay ColonyReason for Founding: they believed in the right to have different religious faiths Economy: small subsistence farms, livestock, dairy, fishing, Manufacturing (lumber, shipbuilding, whaling,)Climate & Geography: warm summers, cold snowy winters, coastal lowlands, rocky soil
9 New Hampshire Founded: 1638 by John Wheelwright and others Reason for Founding: to be a separate colony from Mass.Economy: small subsistence farms, fur, lumber, fishing, cattle, Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding)Climate & Geography: rocky soil, thick forests, cold winters, mild summers
10 New England Colonies Map unorganized territoryMass.William BradfordKeyfishingNewHampshireCold winterswhalingTrade/shippingMass.lumbercattleForested hills/hillyConn.R.I.textilesThomas HookerRoger WilliamsAnne HutchinsonWarm summers
13 New YorkFounded: 1626 by the Dutch taken over by the English by the Duke of YorkEconomy: shipbuilding, iron works, shipping for the slave trade, lumber, cattle, grains, Agricultural Type: large farms Climate and Geography: cold snowy winters, hot humid summers, wetlands along the coast & Hudson River, forested mountains to the northOther Things I Should Know: originally part of New Netherland, the English wanted New York for increased trade opportunities, one of the "Bread Basket Colonies“ Major port city: New York
15 PennsylvaniaFounded: 1682 by William Penn a Quaker for religious freedom for his Quaker followersEconomy: Agricultural Type: large farms wheat, corn, cattle, dairy, iron, merchants and tradesmen, shipbuildingClimate and Geography: cold winters, hot humid summers, rolling hills, fertile soil good for farmingOther Things I Should Know: allowed other religions who were fleeing persecution, Quakers were the 1st abolitionists - they did not agree with slavery. One of the "Bread Basket Colonies." Benjamin Franklin the famous statesmen who signed the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution is from here, also he was a famous printer and inventor, came up with the Join or Die 1st political cartoon, during the French & Indian War.
17 New JerseyFounded: 1664 by Lord Berkley and Sir George Carteret to make New York into two different coloniesEconomy: ironworking, lumbering, grain, fishing, cattle, Agricultural Type: large farmsClimate and Geography: hot humid summers, cold winters, rocky soil, hilly, fertile farmlandOther Things I Should Know: One of the "Bread Basket Colonies"
19 DelawareFounded: 1638 by William Penn and the Duke of York to get a direct outlet to the Atlantic OceanEconomy: Agricultural Type: large farms fishing, lumber, shipbuilding, grains, dairy productsClimate and Geography: hot humid summers, mild winters, rich soilOther Things I Should Know: One of the "Bread Basket Colonies"
20 Which group below bests describes the geography and economy of the middle colonies? A. winters, summers, wheat shipbuilding, small farmsB. plantations, tobacco, indigo, humid summers, wintersC. grains, large farms, lumbering, fishing, summers, wintersD. Cattle, forested hills, textiles, small farms, winters, summers
21 Middle Colonies Map Key New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Delaware cold wintersship building & shipping slaveslumberPennsylvaniacattleironwarm summersForested hills/hillyNew JerseyDelawarefishinglarge farms
24 Maryland Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore for Catholics Economy: shipbuilding, iron works, Cash Crop Agriculture plantation agriculture, tobacco, cattle, fishing, iron, lumber, oystersClimate and Geography: cold rainy winters, warm summers, low fertile landOther Things I Should Know: passed the Act of Toleration in 1649 providing religious freedom to all Christians. Major port city Baltimore.
26 VirginiaFounded: 1607 by John Smith and the London Company of Virginia seeking profitEconomy: Cash Crop Agriculture plantation agriculture, tobacco, grains, fishing, cattleClimate and Geography: mild winters and hot humid summers, coastal lowlands, wooded mountains, rich soilOther Things I Should Know: had a self-governing government, House of Burgesses - 1st representative government in America
28 North and South Carolina Founded: 1653 by a group of 8 English noblesEconomy: Cash Crop Agriculture plantation agriculture, rice, tobacco, cattle, lumber, *Climate and Geography: swampy lowlands, thick forests* Only in South Carolina add Indigo to the economy box and Charles town major port city to the Other Things I should Know box.
30 Georgia Founded: 1732 by James Oglethorpe Economy: Cash Crop Agriculture plantation agriculture, indigo, rice, sugar, lumber, grains, cattleClimate and Geography: short mild winters, hot humid summers, forested mountainsOther Things I Should Know: founded for 2 reasons: as a buffer zone between Spanish Florida and the English colonies -- to keep out the Florida Indians from raiding colonial villages and for debtors and poor people