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New England Colonies.

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Presentation on theme: "New England Colonies."— Presentation transcript:

1 New England Colonies

2 Connecticut

3 Connecticut Founded: 1636 by Thomas Hooker
Reason for Founding: believed government should be based on free consent Economy: small subsistence farms - growing enough to live and a little extra, grains, corn, fishing, whaling, shipping, lumber, cattle, iron Climate & Geography: cold winters, mild summers, forested hills, rocky soil Other Things You Should Know: Fundamental Orders of Connecticut - first written plan of government (constitution) in America.

4 Massachusetts

5 Massachusetts Founded: 1620 by the Pilgrims, escaping religious persecution by John Winthrop and others part of the Great Migration from the 1630s s,founded the Mass.Bay Colony "a City on a Hill" Reason for Founding: religious freedom Economy: small subsistence farms, fishing, corn, livestock, whaling, Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding) Climate & Geography: cold winters, warm summers, rich pastures, sandy coast, thick forests, rocky soil Other Things You Should Know: Mayflower Compact in to create laws for the general good of the colony major port city: Boston - because of its deep natural harbor good for trade

6 Rhode Island

7 Rhode Island Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams accompanied by Anne Hutchinson, both dissenters from Mass. Bay Colony Reason for Founding: they believed in the right to have different religious faiths   Economy: small subsistence farms, livestock, dairy, fishing, Manufacturing (lumber, shipbuilding, whaling,) Climate & Geography: warm summers, cold snowy winters, coastal lowlands, rocky soil

8 New Hampshire

9 New Hampshire Founded: 1638 by John Wheelwright and others
Reason for Founding:  to be a separate colony from Mass. Economy: small subsistence farms, fur, lumber, fishing, cattle, Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding) Climate & Geography: rocky soil, thick forests, cold winters, mild summers

10 New England Colonies Map
unorganized territory Mass. William Bradford Key fishing New Hampshire Cold winters whaling Trade/shipping Mass. lumber cattle Forested hills/hilly Conn. R.I. textiles Thomas Hooker Roger Williams Anne Hutchinson Warm summers

11 Middle Colonies

12 New York

13 New York Founded: 1626 by the Dutch taken over by the English by the Duke of York Economy: shipbuilding, iron works, shipping for the slave trade, lumber, cattle, grains, Agricultural Type: large farms  Climate and Geography: cold snowy winters, hot humid summers, wetlands along the coast & Hudson River, forested mountains to the north Other Things I Should Know: originally part of New Netherland, the English wanted New York for increased trade opportunities, one of the "Bread Basket Colonies“ Major port city: New York

14 Pennsylvania

15 Pennsylvania Founded: 1682 by William Penn a Quaker for religious freedom for his Quaker followers Economy: Agricultural Type: large farms wheat, corn, cattle, dairy, iron, merchants and tradesmen, shipbuilding Climate and Geography: cold winters, hot humid summers, rolling hills, fertile soil good for farming Other Things I Should Know: allowed other religions who were fleeing persecution, Quakers were the 1st abolitionists - they did not agree with slavery. One of the "Bread Basket Colonies." Benjamin Franklin the famous statesmen who signed the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution is from here, also he was a famous printer and inventor, came up with the Join or Die 1st political cartoon, during the French & Indian War.

16 New Jersey

17 New Jersey Founded: 1664 by Lord Berkley and Sir George Carteret to make New York into two different colonies Economy: ironworking, lumbering, grain, fishing, cattle,  Agricultural Type: large farms Climate and Geography: hot humid summers, cold winters, rocky soil, hilly, fertile farmland Other Things I Should Know: One of the "Bread Basket Colonies"

18 Delaware

19 Delaware Founded: 1638 by William Penn and the Duke of York to get a direct outlet to the Atlantic Ocean Economy: Agricultural Type: large farms fishing, lumber, shipbuilding, grains, dairy products Climate and Geography: hot humid summers, mild winters, rich soil Other Things I Should Know: One of the "Bread Basket Colonies"

20 Which group below bests describes the geography and economy of the middle colonies?
A. winters, summers, wheat shipbuilding, small farms B. plantations, tobacco, indigo, humid summers, winters C. grains, large farms, lumbering, fishing, summers, winters D. Cattle, forested hills, textiles, small farms, winters, summers

21 Middle Colonies Map Key New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Delaware
cold winters ship building & shipping slaves lumber Pennsylvania cattle iron warm summers Forested hills/hilly New Jersey Delaware fishing large farms

22 Southern Colonies

23 Maryland Chesapeake Bay

24 Maryland Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore for Catholics
Economy: shipbuilding, iron works, Cash Crop Agriculture plantation agriculture, tobacco, cattle, fishing, iron, lumber, oysters Climate and Geography: cold rainy winters, warm summers, low fertile land Other Things I Should Know: passed the Act of Toleration in 1649 providing religious freedom to all Christians. Major port city Baltimore.

25 Virginia

26 Virginia Founded: 1607 by John Smith  and the London Company of Virginia seeking profit Economy: Cash Crop Agriculture plantation agriculture, tobacco, grains, fishing, cattle Climate and Geography: mild winters and hot humid summers, coastal lowlands, wooded mountains, rich soil Other Things I Should Know: had a self-governing government, House of Burgesses - 1st representative government in America

27 North and South Carolina

28 North and South Carolina
Founded: 1653 by a group of 8 English nobles Economy: Cash Crop Agriculture plantation agriculture, rice, tobacco, cattle, lumber, * Climate and Geography: swampy lowlands, thick forests * Only in South Carolina add Indigo to the economy box and Charles town major port city to the Other Things I should Know box.

29 Georgia

30 Georgia Founded: 1732 by James Oglethorpe
Economy: Cash Crop Agriculture plantation agriculture, indigo, rice, sugar, lumber, grains, cattle Climate and Geography: short mild winters, hot humid summers, forested mountains Other Things I Should Know: founded for 2 reasons: as a buffer zone between Spanish Florida and the English colonies -- to keep out the Florida Indians from raiding colonial villages and for debtors and poor people

31 Southern Colonies Map Maryland Appalachian Mountains Virginia key
Chesapeake Bay Virginia Appalachian Mountains key warm summers North Carolina Tobacco sugar South Carolina rice Georgia cattle iron indigo lumber Fishing Thick forests

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