Presentation on theme: "General Directions of Contemporary Higher Education Development Lecture 4 (rules and regulations of contemporary education, curricula, the application."— Presentation transcript:
General Directions of Contemporary Higher Education Development Lecture 4 (rules and regulations of contemporary education, curricula, the application of up-to-date technologies of training and teaching)
Rules and Regulations in Higher Education State Constitution National Law of Education Local regulations EU initiatives and agreements
Curriculum the range of courses from which students choose what subject matters to study, a specific learning program including the teaching, learning, and assessment materials available for a given course of study
A core curriculum is a curriculum, or course of study, which is considered central and usually made mandatory for all students. best known core curricula programs in Columbia University of University Chicago the social sciences, humanities, physical and biological sciences, mathematics, writing and foreign languages
Curricular Innovations and Reforms from mastery of content and knowledge of facts and concepts (what students know) to demonstration of broad competencies (what students can do with what they know) (the following slide) from learning in disparate disciplines to integrative learning experiences across the curriculum from changes in subject matter as the primary means to improve learning to innovations in instructional methods and assessments as integral to curricular reforms, application of constructivist approach
Proficiencies Identified by the US Colleges and Universities critical thinking and problem-solving multiple modes of inquiry in the natural sciences and mathematics, social sciences, humanities, and arts communication skills, including writing, speaking, and listening technology and information literacy sensitivity to diversity, including multicultural and intercultural competencies civic, global, and environmental responsibility and engagement interpersonal skills, including teamwork and collaboration etc.
Pedagogical Technology combination of goals of teaching, means and assessment of their realization the content, forms, principles, approaches and methods of teaching the integrity of all components of the teaching and learning process
Contemporary Pedagogical Technologies problem solving /“Task-Based learning” project making case study, trainings including communicative Information Communication Technologies
Problem-solving Basic functions: Seeking information Generating new knowledge Making decisions A student can solve problems, resolve conflicts, discuss alternatives, and focus on thinking.
Projects Method the purposeful activity and problem solving capacity of the students based on their needs, interest, attitudes and abilities Types of projects: Constructive Aesthetic Problematic Individual (Group) projects Simple Complex
The Steps of a Project Method Creating Situation Selection of the problem Planning Execution Evaluation Reporting and Recording The forms of a project: a power point presentation, an article, a wall newspaper, a video film, a video clip etc.
People’s Friendship University of Russia Experience
Principles of Project Making Technology Principle of Purposefulness Principle of Utility Principle of Freedom Principle of Activity Principle of Reality Principle of Planning
Project Making Technology Advantages Drawbacks student centered, activity based method related to the life situation of the students Students are involved in the learning process according to their needs, interest and ability. This method develops the problem solving ability of the students. gives the real work experience a time consuming method difficult to complete the prescribed syllabus in a particular time not applicable for the lower levels All topics are not able to teach through this method. not applicable for all schools
Center for Languages, Linguistics and Area Studies http://www.llas.ac.uk/projects Current projects Project archive Projects by theme: Area Studies, Assessment, Curriculum, Language Learning, Languages, Learning, Linguistics, Literature, Culture, Social & Political Studies, Management, Policy, Quality Assurance, Research & Development, Skills, Staff Development, Students, Teaching, Technology, Tools & Resources
Case Study Harvard Business School John F. Kennedy School of Government University of Virginia University of Hong Kong
The Steps of Case Study Read the Case properly Prepare a List of the major opportunities Identify the problem to be solved Multiple solutions might be possible, so analyze all available course of action Discuss your solution with your mates Choose the best solution Tell how you will implement the solution
Case Study Advantages Disadvantages Develops analytic and problem solving skills Allows exploration of solutions for complex issues Allows student to apply new knowledge and skills Data being collected over longitudinal case studies are not always relevant or particularly useful. Insufficient information can lead to inappropriate results Not appropriate for elementary level
Communicative Training emphasizes the ability to communicate the message, instead of concentrating exclusively on grammatical perfection or phonetics. equal interpersonal relationship constant feedback self-assessment self-realization of the problems active participation of learners in the work.
Activities of Training Discussion and debate Lecture presentation Problem solving and experimentation Role-playing Research Singing Games Electronic media such as video and film
Application of ICT mass media World wide net cellar and satellite means of communication computer games social networks
SELF-ASSESSMENT 1.What documents reflect the rules and regulations of higher education? 2.How many students study in Europe? 3.What are the goals international education and training activities? 4.What are the international co-operation programmes of the European Commission? 5.What are the priority areas of EU's international programmes? 6.What are the links of EU Commission with other regions? 7.What is a subject matter? Give examples. 8.What is a curriculum? 9. What official body determines the curriculum?