Presentation on theme: "Anything and everything you need to know about"— Presentation transcript:
1Anything and everything you need to know about STI’sBy:Jordan Fraker
2CHLAMYDIA MOST COMMON STI caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatisSymptoms:-Most women show NO symptoms. Some may have slight vaginal discharge, pain on urination, pain during sex; frequent urination. Most men show symptoms.-Discharge or itchy feeling in the penis; mild pain on urination; infection of anus or throat.
4GONORRHEATreatable bacterial infection of the penis, vagina or anus that can cause pain, or burning feeling as well as a pus-like discharge.Also known as "the clap".Symptoms: - Feel fatigued and have a fever. - Painful blisters itch, redden the skin, form into groups and ulcerate. - Ulcers crust and may heal with scarring
5GONORRHEASpread through unprotected anal, oral or vaginal sex. Also spread through direct skin-to-skinIf left untreated: - The virus hides in nerve endings and reoccursTreatment: - Yes (Acyclovir..but no cure)
6Hepatitis B Can be prevented with a vaccine! Spread: - unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex- maternal blood to newborns- sharing items with blood (i.e. razors, toothbrushes, instruments, needles)If left untreated: - Liver disease and failure - Cancer of the liver - DeathTreatment: - Yes (rest, personal hygiene)No CureA liver infection caused by a virus.left untreated can lead to cirrhosis or liver cancer.There are more than four types. A and B are the most common.Symptoms:-Sudden flu-like illness with fatigue, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, fever - Dark urine and jaundice 10% of carriers can spread the disease
7HERPESA recurrent skin condition that can cause skin irritations in the genital region (anus, vagina, penis).Symptoms:- Many people feel fatigued, and have a fever. - Painful blisters itch, redden the skin, form into groups and ulcerate. - Ulcers crust and may heal with scarringSpread through unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex. Also through direct skin-to-skin contact.Treatment: - Yes (Acyclovir - no cure)No cure
8CRABS Also known as pediculosis pubis crabs are parasites or bugs that live on the pubic hair in the genital areaSymptoms:- Intense itching in the genital hair area. - Produce small red bumpsSpread through vaginal sex, protected or notand direct touch skin-to-skinTreatment: - Yes (special soap - Quell)There is a cure
9HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS/GENITAL WARTS (HPV) is a virus that affects the skin in the genital area, as well as a female's cervix.Symptoms can be in the form of-wart-like growths-or abnormal cell changes.Spread through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex.If left untreated: - Invasive cervical cancer and bladder cancers - Infected women must have yearly PAP tests - May be passed to infantsTreatment:- Yes (cauterization, surgery, medical)No Cure
10CHANCROID A treatable bacterial infection that causes painful sores. Chancroid is a highly contagious yet curable sexually transmitted disease (STD)caused by the bacteria Haemophilus DucreyiChancroid causes ulcers, usually of the genitals.
11SYPHILIS Also known as "syph". A treatable bacterial infection that can spread throughout the body and affect the heart, brain, nerves.Symptoms: -Early stages shows painless sores, swollen glands and skin rashes.-Sores may be inside the vagina or anus and go unnoticed. -Stage 2: Rashes, new sores, flu-like symptoms, swollen glands, brain infection
12SYPHILISSpread: By contact with infected blood, semen, vaginal fluids or pus. (ex. - direct touch,unprotected sex, kissing, injecting blood (needle sharing)If left untreated: - Skin, bone, heart disease - Brain disease - Dementia - Blindness if left untreatedTreatment: - Yes (antibiotics)Sex contacts must be examinedThere is a cure
13PELVIS INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID) An infection of the female reproductive organs by chlamydia, gonorrhea or other bacteria.Symptoms:Some women have no symptoms.Others have pain in the lower abdomen, fever, smelly vaginal discharge, irregular bleeding or pain during intercourse.Treatment:Early treatment is important – waiting too long increases the risk of infertility.Antibiotics can cure PID.
14AIDS Symptoms: Spread: -HIV Stage (1- 14 years) - Flu-like symptoms may occur early or late - Most look and feel well for years - Infectious carrier - Skin & lung infections common in later years25% of infants born to HIV mothers will be infectedSpread:-Contact with infected blood, semen, vaginal fluids mainly by unprotected sex and needle sharing.If left untreated: - Immune system destroyed - AIDS defining illnesses fatal (pneumonias, cancer, dementia, wasting, cancer of the cervix)Treatment: - Yes - early treatment is bestNo cure