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UNDP Support to Implementation of the Stockholm Convention

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Presentation on theme: "UNDP Support to Implementation of the Stockholm Convention"— Presentation transcript:

1 UNDP Support to Implementation of the Stockholm Convention
Klaus Tyrkko MPU-Chemicals Unit GEF Side Event 25 April 2011 United Nations Development Programme

2 UNDP -GEF POPs Portfolio at a Glance
22 full/medium-sized projects 22 countries US$ 84 million GEF grant funding US$ 152 million co-financing 91,601 people trained in POPs management/alternatives 1,515 metric tons of POPs disposed or safeguarded UNDP implements GEF Small Grants Programme

3 Geographical Distribution of UNDP Implemented Post-NIP Projects

4 UNDP projects by POPs contaminants

5 “Successful Management and Destruction of PCBs with Focus on Sensitive Sites of México under a novel Integrated Services Management System” GEF Side Event 5th Conference of the Parties to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Geneva, 25 April 2011 Guillermo Román and Carlos Álvarez Project No. UNDP – México

6 Project Context México’ situation
112 million inhabitants; 32 States (1 million SMEs; 1.1 million transformers, one government power supplier, CFE) Legal framework National Waste Management Law since 2004 (to fulfill Stockholm Convention); tonnes of PCBs already eliminated Standard 133 specifically regulates PCBs management and elimination since 2002; (gaps found) Inventory 416 sites sampled (1291 transformers, 54% in industry and 46% sensitive sites) 5.7% positive: >50 ppm (45227 tonnes in Country) 33% between 5 and 49.9 ppm (75057 tonnes in Country)

7 What makes project special and successful
Project focus is on population protection through work with SMEs and Sensitive Sites Local awareness strategy in process; Training material for maintenance workshops and for SMEs management in progress Wide diffusion with all actors, particularly decision makers Integrated Services Management System Involves all actors, all aspects (legal, technological and financial) specifically for country at local and federal levels Incorporates transformers of water wells as sensitive sites

8 People and local governments Involvement (two cases)
Small Community Protection San Felipe Nuevo Mercurio, small community in the State of Zacatecas PCBs content in blood level of the population had been determined as above limits Replaced contaminated metal construction materials with safe ones (252 tonnes) Destruction of two transformers achieved via work in pilot project in Municipality (Awareness) One transformer with Pure PCBs in a private enterprise Other large transformer in private enterprise was eliminated (had less than 50 ppm PCBs) just by awareness

9 People and local governments involvement (Cont.)
Enforcement Capacities Strengthening National Standard proposal developed to include maintenance workshops control and retrofilling/destruction as option Awareness and Training 1181 people took part in awareness events throughout 13 states of the country : from federal and local governments to hospitals Awareness for planning of PCBs destruction and accompaniment in the whole process 345 people trained in inspection and analyses from 8 states Analytical capacities strengthening developed in Universities

10 Focus on States and municipal pilots
Main findings from Pilot projects: Cross contamination by bad maintenance practices as main cause, larger than anticipated, therefore retrofilling and/or in situ destruction as options Legal gaps in national standard to be covered Contamination found through all ages and sizes of transformers Importance of local authorities for helping in the enforcement Better management of destruction required Pilot Project strategy to test, refine and project to all country Tested in one municipality Cuautitlán Izcalli ( inhabitants) and in one state Guanajuato (5.5 million inhabitants) 7 small maintenance workshops diagnosed and in process of improvement 4 universities to improve analytical techniques capacities

11 Description of management system (ISMS) for SMEs and sensitive sites
Involves assessment of all aspects and actors: Biddings for destruction under more strict rules to make process less expensive Evaluation of local and national costs Retro filling and in situ destruction as options Service suppliers of chemical analyses, maintenance, transport, storage and destruction Continuous Refinement of scheme for management sequence: With more involvement, legal aspects, technical options, availability and real disaggregated costs

12 Following Steps Develop Pilot Projects in 3 other States: Chiapas, Distrito Federal (México City) and Nuevo León (18 million people) Implementation and refinement of ISMS Extended Inventory: 6 additional States and Airports, SMEs, Army and PEMEX Good practices extensive training and Guide for Maintenance workshops Destruction continued: SMEs, Sensitive sites and likely CFE Commitment of Federal Authorities is in place for extension to all country after project ends, including it in the Environmental Sectorial National Plan

13 Thank you ! Tel. +(52) 55 5624 3607 For the Project UNDP 00059701:
Tel. +(52)

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