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Chapter © 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Buying a Home 21.1 21.1Why Buy a Home? 21.2 21.2The Home-Buying Process 22
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 2 Chapter 22 Lesson 22.1 Why Buy a Home? GOALS Discuss the advantages of home ownership. Describe the costs and responsibilities of buying and owning a home.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 3 Chapter 22 Advantages of Home Ownership Value and equity Quality of life Tax savings
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 4 Chapter 22 Value and Equity Market Value The market value of a home is the highest price that the property will bring on the market.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 5 Chapter 22 Value and Equity Appraised Value Real estate appraisers can prepare an appraised value by examining the structure, size, features, and quality as compared to similar homes in the same geographic area. The recent selling price of a similar home in your area is a good estimate of the current value of your home. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 6 Chapter 22 Value and Equity Assessed Value For purposes of computing property taxes owed against your home, the city or county in which you live sets an assessed value. It is often computed based on the cost to build, the cost of improvements, and the cost of similar properties. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 7 Chapter 22 Value and Equity The value of most homes appreciates, or increases in market value, over time. Appreciation is one way that the equity in your home increases. Equity is the difference between the market value of property and the amount owed on it. Equity also increases because each loan payment you make decreases your debt. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 8 Chapter 22 Quality of Life Privacy, space, and personal freedom Security and independence Community
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 9 Chapter 22 Tax Savings The interest you pay on your home loan, along with the property taxes, is tax-deductible. These deductions lower the cost of home ownership. Because of these tax savings, owning real estate is a tax shelter.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 10 Chapter 22 Down Payment Mortgage lenders usually require that borrowers pay a certain amount down toward the purchase price. Then they will provide a loan for the balance of the price.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 11 Chapter 22 Mortgage Payments A loan to purchase real estate is called a mortgage. Payments on a mortgage or trust deed are made over an extended period, such as 15 or 30 years. Monthly loan payments include principal and interest.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 12 Chapter 22 Mortgage Payments If the borrower is required to have an escrow account, then the monthly payment will also include property insurance and property taxes. An escrow account, also called a reserve account, is a fund where money is held to pay amounts that will come due during the year. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 13 Chapter 22 Closing Costs Closing costs, also referred to as settlement costs, are the expenses incurred in transferring ownership from buyer to seller in a real estate transaction. The buyer usually pays for a title search to make sure the seller is the legal owner and that no one else has a claim on the property. The buyer may also pay for a credit report, various fees, and a share of taxes and interest currently owed on the property.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 14 Chapter 22 Property Taxes The real estate property tax is a major source of funding for local governments. Homeowners pay property taxes based on the assessed value of land and buildings.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 15 Chapter 22 Property Insurance A homeowner must have property insurance covering the structure. This is usually a requirement of the loan agreement to protect the interests of the mortgage lender as well as the homeowner. Standard homeowner’s insurance includes both fire and liability protection.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 16 Chapter 22 Lesson 22.2 The Home-Buying Process GOALS Describe the steps in the home-buying process. Discuss how to qualify for real estate loans and how to take title to property.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 17 Chapter 22 Finding and Buying a Home Consider these factors to when buying a home: Location Accessibility Nearness to employment Type and quality of construction Cost and effort of maintenance Personal likes and dislikes Make a list of the features you want. Identify the price range you can afford.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 18 Chapter 22 Working with a Real Estate Agent Before selecting a home to buy, look at many houses. You can look by yourself or work with a real estate agent. Real estate agents know the market, can help you find the right home, and will assist you with the purchasing, financing, and closing processes.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 19 Chapter 22 Working with a Real Estate Agent Commission Real estate agents earn a commission income. The commission is a percentage of the home sale price, usually between 5 and 7 percent. The seller pays the commission, and the agents working for the buyer and seller split it. As the purchaser, you do not pay the agents’ commission. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 20 Chapter 22 Working with a Real Estate Agent Buying without an agent If you are buying directly from an owner you might be able to negotiate a lower price because the seller would not have to pay the commission. However, you should still seek advice from a professional, such as a lawyer, to be sure your interests are protected. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 21 Chapter 22 Working with a Real Estate Agent Finding homes for sale Online Newspaper classified ads The Multiple Listing Service (MLS) (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 22 Chapter 22 Working with a Real Estate Agent Visit homes with your agent. Take notes about each house and neighborhood. Do not make a decision on the spot. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 23 Chapter 22 Making an Offer An offer is a serious intent to be bound to an agreement. In real estate, when you make an offer to buy property, it is called an earnest-money offer. The offer is accompanied by a deposit called the earnest money. Earnest money protects the seller in case you fail to meet the terms of the agreement. An acceptance is a formal agreement to the terms of an offer, forming a contract between the parties.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 24 Chapter 22 Making an Offer If the seller wants to change any part of the offer, he or she makes a counteroffer. A counteroffer is a rejection of the original offer with a listing of what terms would be acceptable. In effect, it is a new offer made back to the buyer. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 25 Chapter 22 Types of Mortgages There are two basic types of mortgages: Fixed-rate mortgages Adjustable-rate mortgages
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 26 Chapter 22 Fixed-Rate Mortgage A fixed-rate mortgage is a mortgage on which the interest rate does not change during the term of the loan.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 27 Chapter 22 Adjustable-Rate Mortgages An adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) is a mortgage for which the interest rate changes in response to the movement of interest rates in the economy as a whole.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 28 Chapter 22 Taking Title to Property Title is legally established ownership.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 29 Chapter 22 Taking Title to Property Before you take ownership, you will want to make sure that the title is clear—that is, free of any liens. A lien is a financial claim against property. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Chapter © 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Buying a Home 21.1Why Buy a Home? 21.2The Home-Buying Process 22.
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