Presentation on theme: "WELCOME TO The Land Of Rising Sun ARUNACHAL PRADESH WELCOME TO The Land Of Rising Sun ARUNACHAL PRADESH WELCOME TO The Land Of Rising Sun ARUNACHAL PRADESH."— Presentation transcript:
WELCOME TO The Land Of Rising Sun ARUNACHAL PRADESH WELCOME TO The Land Of Rising Sun ARUNACHAL PRADESH WELCOME TO The Land Of Rising Sun ARUNACHAL PRADESH
Introduction Arunachal Pradesh is a state of India. It is part of what are called the Seven Sister States of the Northeast of India. Arunachal Pradesh borders the state of Assam to the south and Nagaland to the south east. Myanmar lies to the east of the state, Bhutan to the west, while the McMahon Line separates it from the zone of control of the People's Republic of China to the north. Itanagar is the capital of the state. "Arunachal Pradesh" means "land of the dawn-lit mountains" or "land of the rising sun". Arunachal Pradesh,one of the most sparsely populated states of India, covers an area of 83743 sq. Kms. This region acquired an independent political status in January 20, 1972, when it was declared as Union Territory under the name of Arunachal Pradesh. The state of Arunachal Pradesh Bill was passed by the Parliament in 1986 and with effect from February 20, 1987 Arunachal Pradesh became the 24th state of Indian Union.
Modern History of Arunachal Pradesh Modern history of Arunachal Pradesh begins with the inception of British rule in Assam after the treaty of Yandaboo, concluded on 24 February 1826. Before 1962, the area was popularly known as the NEFA, and was constitutionally a part of Assam. Because of its strategic importance, however, it was administered by the Ministry of External Affairs until 1965, and subsequently by the Ministry of Home Affairs, through the Governor of Assam. In 1972, it was constituted as a Union Territory and renamed Arunachal Pradesh. On 20 February 1987, it became the 24th state of the Indian Union.
Much of Arunachal Pradesh is covered by the Himalayas. However, parts of Lohit, Changlang and Tirap are covered by the Patkai hills.HimalayasLohitChanglangTirapPatkai Kangto, Nyegi Kangsang, the main Gorichen peak and the Eastern Gorichen peak are some of the highest peaks in this region of the Himalayas. In 2006 Bumla pass in Tawang was opened to traders for the first time in 44 years. Traders from both sides of the pass were permitted to enter each other's territories. Patkai Bum Hills are low mountains compared to the Greater Himalayas.
Rainfall It receives heavy showers about 2,000 to 4,000 mm between the months of May and September yearly. Seasons The summer season extends from March to May, making the plain areas quite warm. Winters officially arrive in November and prevail till the month of February. During summers, the maximum temperature recorded in the foothills is 40ºC; however, average temperature during winters varies from 15ºC to 21ºC. The areas sited at high altitude become immensely cold during winters. Arunachal Pradesh is best to visit during the months of October- March.
Flora & Fauna of Arunachal Pradesh Flora of the state The Orchids Arunachal is not called the “Orchid Paradise” just for name sake. It alone has 600 species of orchids from thousands found in India. These endangered and rare orchids are vibrant besides have blooming and long lasting flower traits. The Forest Department of Arunachal Pradesh takes care of the orchids at the established centers in various districts.
Species like Dendrobium Gibsonii with its clusters of beautifully formed yellow flowers having centres of rich maroon and Dendrobium Nobile with white and purple flowers can be seen on the trees in the forests along the road from Tipi to Sessa. Sessa, 24 km from Tipi, has an Orchid Sanctuary which abounds in a variety of species including the beautiful white Coelogyne Nitida (which grows on moss covered rocks), the tree borne yellow, Cymbidium Elegans and Dendrobium Chrysanthum (bright yellow flowers with two dark reddish brown blotches in the centre) which present a magnificent sight when in bloom
Fauna of the State The Realm of Animals Many herbivores and wild beasts have Arunachal as their home Tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, snow leopard, golden cat and marbled cat; species of primates (hoolock gibbon, slow loris, Assemese macaque, stumptailed macaque and capped langur); the three goat antelopes (serow, goral and takin ); other mammals as rodents (squirrels, porcupine and rats), civet, mongoose, linsang, shrew and bat species, musk deer, bharal, Himalayan black bear, red panda are abundant here. Bos Frontalis locally called as Mithun
The Realm of Birds White winged duck, sclater monal, temmin'ck's tragopan, Bengal floricanthe great Indian hornbills, jungle fowls and pheasants flop their noisy way through the jungle, and which harbours other colourful bird and animal species which are otherwise rare can be located here in the natural environs attracting you. As many as 500 species of birds will make you surprised. The Realm of Others Significant reptiles, amphibia and pisces are also a specialty of the state. You can find variety of sankes and those huge poisonous pythons you have always seen on television. Many species of butterflies, moths, beetles and all other kinds of small creatures allures Entomologists and Naturalists.
Wildlife in Arunachal Pradesh Given to the topographical and climatic suitability, the woods of Arunachal Pradesh offer a natural habitat for the mammals. Mishmi, Takin, Hoolock Gibbon, Musk Deer, Bharal, Hisbid Hare, Capped Langur, Red panda Tiger, Leopard, Snow-leopard, Clouded leopard, Barking Deer, Serow, Honger, Small cats, Black Bear and rare birds. Flying Squirrel and more than 500 species of birds are some rare and endangered species of animals and birds which are conserved in two National Parks and four Wildlife Sanctuaries of Arunachal Pradesh. Wildlife-TheYak HoolockGibbon
Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks Namdhapa National Park Mouling National Park Pakhui Sanctuary Itanagar Sanctuary Daying Ering Sanctuary Mehao Sancuary Kane Sanctaury Eagle's Nest Sanctuary Kamlang Sanctuary Dibang Sanctuary Sessa Orchid Sanctuary
Tourism The eastern crest of India cocoons a mystical land of bliss- Arunachal Pradesh. This 'Land of Rising Sun' has many wonders and attractions for travelers. The wavering rivers, the snow clad mountains, the stubborn plains, exclusive flora and fauna, legendary cultural heritage trailing since ancient times, the habitat of wild savages, the thick woodlands, the historical heritages, the tribal terrains.... Ahh! A lot many to have a rendezvous with. Each of the attractions in Arunachal Pradesh is at par. Among the thousands of species of orchids as many as 600 species of orchid are found in Arunachal Pradesh. The foreign tourists to Arunachal Pradesh require a Restricted Area Permit and the Indian tourists need an Inner Line Permit.
How to Reach By Rail: It is well connected with rest of India. The closest railway station is Harmuty located at a distance of 33 km from Itanagar. By Air: Lilabari Airport of Assam is the nearest airport for the state. By Road: A good connectivity by bus is provided by Arunachal State Transport and Private transport operators. A direct bus facility from Guwahati (381km), Shillong (481km), Tezpur (216km), Dibrugarh (375km), Tinisukia (415 km), Jorhat (245km), Nagaon (275km), Namsai (495km) connects to Itanagar. Best Time to Visit: The best time to go to Arunachal Pradesh is October to April.
Important Tourist Places Arunachal Pradesh attracts tourists from many parts of the world. Tourist attractions include the Namdapha tiger project in Changlang districtChanglang near to Bomdila, the bamboo bridges hanging over the river. Religious places of interest includeBomdila Malinithan in Lekhabali and Rukhmininagar near Roing, the place where Rukmini, Lord Krishna's wife in Hindu mythology, is said to have livedRoing Parshuram Kund in Lohit district, is believed to be the lake where Parshuram washed away all his sins. Rafting and trekking are also available. A visitor's permit from the tourism department is required.Lohit Tuting has a wonderful scenic beauty, it is a paradise on earth. OtherTourist Centres: Sela Lake,Tawang, Dirang, Bomdila, Tipi, Itanagar Malinithan, Likabali, Pasighat, Along, Tezu, Miao, Roing, Daporijo Namdapha, Bhismaknagar, Parashurarn Kund & Khonsa.
Hill Stations of Arunachal Pradesh The hill stations of the state are a perfect runaway from the monotonous and somberly hectic metro lifestyle. The serene atmosphere, the lush greenery, the pleasant weather, meandering water bodies, breathtaking sites and prominent hillocks will assuage your mind and body, heart and soul. Tawang Hill Station
Hill Stations Tawang Perched at a height of 11,155 ft near the Indo-Bhutan border, Tawang, the beautiful land of the Monpa tribes, is the most famous hill station in Arunachal Pradesh. Also the district headquarters of the Tawang district it is famous for its 400 year old Buddhist monastery, (Tawang Monastery) the biggest monastery in India. Though the journey is tough, steep with hairpin bends, Tawang offers its visitors to view the snow capped Himalayan Mountains, deep valleys, waterfalls, beautiful landscapes and hundred of lakes. Itanagar Located in the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh is the hill resort of Itanagar. Itanagar is incredible and incomparable in natural beauty. The entire state of Arunachal Pradesh has been thrown open to tourism recently in 1998. Besides security it was done as an attempt to preserving the centuries old heritage of the tribal communities in the area. The virginal beauty of the state capital, Itanagar attracts several tourists from far and away.
Monasteries in Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh is a bench of religion marked with the Buddhist Monasteries. Discovering and rediscovering yourself through meditation is what you get to learn here. The three monasteries here are to purge out we mortals. Tawang Monastery : The Lamaistic faith of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism in the terrain makes it the largest monastery. Also named as the 'Galden Namgyal Lhatse', the Tawang monastery bears to have given birth to the 6th Dalai Lama. Traveling amidst the tress of oak, pine, rhododendron and bamboo forests, with breathtaking views of the mountains and valleys all around enthralls the travelers. Buddhism is practiced by 13% of the Buddhism population. Shown here is a statue of the Buddha in Tawang.the Buddha
THREE CULTURAL GROUPS Broadly the people may be divided into three cultural groups on the basis of their socio-religious affinities. The Monpas and Sherdukpens of Tawang and West Kameng districts follow the lamaistic tradition of Mahayana Buddhism. Noted for their religious fervour, the villages of these communities have richly decorated Buddhist temples, locally called 'Gompas'. Though largely agriculturists practising terrace cultivation, many of these people are also pastoral and breed herds of yak and mountains sheep. Culturally similar to them are Membas and Khambas who live in the high mountains along the northern borders. Khamptis and Singphos inhabiting the eastern part of the State are Buddhists of Hinayana sect. They are said to have migrated from Thailand and Burma long ago and still using ancient scripts derived from
People of I Cultural Group Apatani-hunt Apatani Lady Monpa Man Lagam
People of II cultural group Adi taapu Miji lady Nyishi manNishi man
The third group comprises Noctes and Wanchos,adjoining Nagaland in the Tirap District. These are hardy people known for their strictly structured village society in which hereditary village chief still plays a vital role. The Noctes also practise elementary form of Vaishnavism. Wancho Man
Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh If you visit the state you will get see a herd of tribes here. A tribal tour to Arunachal gives you a chance to peep into the lifestyle and culture of the tribes residing in the remote villages of Arunachal Pradesh. You will be greeted by 26 major tribes and many sub tribes in the state. Some of the famous tribes are Adis, Apatanis, Mishmis, Monpas, Nyishi, Khambas and Membas, Idus, Deoris, Wanchos, Hrusso or Akas, Notches, Singphos, Khamptis, Tagins, Sherdukpens and many more. Each of these tribes is distinct and different from other. They have their own ambit, their own culture, tradition, code of conduct, faith and belief, deity, festival and lifestyle yet there is a unifying force within them.“Linguistically diversified but socially unified is what that makes these tribes so affectionate. Dwelling in different parts of the state these tribes gleefully celebrate each moment of life. If you wish to feel the pulse of the state just confabulate with these people and you get a glimpse of the community.
Different tribal groups have their own set of beliefs and notions about their religion. As the people of Arunachal Pradesh are segregated into three cultural groups, each group practices its own religion. The people of the first group are usually Buddhists, while people of the second group practice Donyi Poloism (worship the Sun God and the Moon God). Christianity and Hinduism are generally observed by people of the third group. Donyi Poloism Buddhist Religions
Dance Forms Ani Lhamu Dance Festival dance Folk Dance of Arunachal Pradesh Tapu Dance Yak Dance
Music Music plays an important part in the festivities, whether it’s of marriage or festival, in Arunachal Pradesh. Here songs’ themes are based on fables related to creatures and animals. The folk songs of Pailibos are correlated to their folk history, mythology and their historical accounts. Ja-Jin-Ja is a special song that is sung on occasions of feasts and merriment, like marriages and social gatherings. Baryi is another song in which the history, religious lore and mythology is narrated. Music is often accompanied by musical instruments, like Drums and Cymbals
Masks And Carpets Masks Wooden Masks Masks Handmade Carpets
Those of the second zone are expert workers in cane and bamboo.As a matter of fact most of the domestic requirements are made of these materials. hats, baskets, canes vessels, cane belts - woven and plain, bamboo mugs and carvings, a wide variety of ornaments and jewellery items are all crafted by workmen. The shawls and jackets, shoulder bags and coats all stand for the perfection that the people have attained in this art. Pottery Painting Hornbill Helmet
Ornaments Crafting ornaments is another art widely practised by the Arunachalis. Besides multicoloured beads, feathers of birds and wings of the green beetles are also used as embellishments. The Akas make bamboo bangles and earings which are occassionally decorated with pokerwork designs. With a view to help developing arts and crafts and to substantiate the livelihood of the people, local boys and girls are imparted training in specially set up crafts centres. The rich heritage of art and crafts of Arunachal Pradesh is sure to add colour to the cultural heritage of the country.
Ojiyale Festival The Wanhos celebrate their most popular festival, Ojiyale during March-April, for a period of six to twelve days interspersed with prayer, song and dance. Villagers exchange bamboo tubes of rice beeras a mark of greeting and good will. Pig's skin is offered to the village chief as a mark of respect. Tamladu Festival Another important festival is Tamladu, essentially celebrated by the Digaru Mishmis tribe. During the festival, prayers are offered to the God of Earth and the God of Water for protection against natural calamities. The supreme- Lord Jebmalu, is worshipped and welfare of human beings, the standing crops and domestic animals Sangken &Thsi Festivals It is an occasion to bathe the images of Lord Buddha ceremoniously. Thsi also heralds the new year and people sprinkle water on each other as a sign of merriment.
Animal sacrifices are a common ritual in most of the festivals, particularly in the non-Bodic tribes. The festivals have been firmly blended with the lifestyle of the people of Arunachal Pradesh. For some communities like the Mijis these are occasions to bring all people together who might otherwise be scattered in far flung villages. This serves as a reminder of the richness of their cultural heritage. The spring time festivals are celebrated during the period from January to April by the different groups. In the celebration of these festivals, the religious rites and the sacrifices are generally performed by their priests assisted by some select male members. Animal Sacrifice
By HARSH SHRINGI VIII- A Mrs. Sunipa Acharya Presented Guided By: