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The Decimal/SI System La Sistema Decimal/SI.

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Presentation on theme: "The Decimal/SI System La Sistema Decimal/SI."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Decimal/SI System La Sistema Decimal/SI

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5 SI The International System of Units, related by multiples of ten, that allows quantities to be measured in the exact same way throughout the world. La sistema internacional de unidades, relacionado por múltiplos de diez, que permite que las cantidades se midan de la misma manera exacta en todo el mundo

6 A SI unit for measuring mass One kilogram is equal to 1000 grams. La SI unidad de masa Un kilogramo es igual que 1000 gramos.

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9 What happens to the unit (ones place) as it moves to the right side?

10 The unit (ones place) divides into ten equal parts.

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13 equals 10¢

14 equals 10¢

15 What happens to the tenths place as it moves to the right side?

16 The tenths place divides into ten equal parts.

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18 equals 1¢

19 equals 1¢

20 What happens to the hundredths place as it moves to the right side?

21 The hundredths place divides into ten equal parts.

22 equals 0.1¢

23 equals 0.1¢

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36 decimeter (dm) decimetro (dm) A hand is about 1 decimeter wide A unit for measuring length 1/10 or 0.1 of a meter 1 meter 1 dm

37 How many centimeters are in a decimeter? one decimeter

38 The meter (unit) divides into ten equal parts.

39 1 m = 10 dm

40 1 dm = 0.1 m

41 1 decimenter equals ___ cm

42 1 decimeter is equal to ____ centimeters 1 cm 1 dm

43 1 decimenter equals 10 cm

44 1 centimeter is 1/100 or 0.01 of a meter centimeter (cm) centimetro (cm) A fingernail is about 1 centimeter wide 1 cm

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46 The meter (unit) divides into hundreds equal parts.

47 1 m = 100 cm

48 1 cm = 0.01 m

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50 1 millimeter A dime is 1 millimeter thick A millimeter is 1/1000 or 0.001 of a meter millimeter (mm) millimetro (mm)

51 The meter (unit) divides into thousands equal parts.

52 1 m = 1000 mm

53 1 mm = 0.001 m

54 1 cm = ___ mm

55 1 mm 1 centimeter is equal to 10 millimeters. How many millimeters equal 1 decimeter? millimeter (mm) millimetro (mm) 1 cm 1 dm

56 1 dm = 100 mm

57 milliliter (mL) millilitro (mL) A fraction of a liter (1/1000 L) 1 cubic centimeter is equal 1 milliliter Una fracción de un litro (1/1000 L) Un centimetro cubico es igual que 1 millilitro 1 cm 3 = 1 mL (cc)

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59 Fractional Units (Decimal Places)

60 deci- (d) tenth 0.1 10 -1 Examples: decimeter, decigram

61 centi- (c) hundredth 0.01 10 -2 Examples: centimeter, centigram

62 milli- (m) thousandth 0.001 10 -3 Examples: millimeter, milligram

63 micro- (µ) millionth 0.000001 10 -6 Examples : micrometer, microorganisms

64 nano- (n) billionth 0.000000001 10 -9 Examples: nanometer, nanoorganisms

65 pico- (p) trillionth 0.000000000001 10 -12 Example : picometer

66 femto- (f) quadrillionths 0.000000000000001 10 -15 Example : femtometer

67 atto- (a) quintillionths 0.000000000000001 10 -18 Example : attometer

68 zepto (z) sextillionths 0.000000000000000001 10 -21 Example : zeptometer

69 yocto (y) sepillionths 0.000000000000000000001 10 -24 Example : yoctometer

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