Presentation on theme: "Verbs = Actions Lets look at some action words in English. What do you notice?"— Presentation transcript:
Verbs = Actions Lets look at some action words in English. What do you notice?
Verbs = Actions Now lets look at some action words in Italian. What do you notice?
Italian Verbs 3 Big Groups of Words Verbs ending in –ARE Verbs ending in – ERE Verbs ending in – IRE
To = -are, -ere, -ire All verbs in their –are, - ere, -ire forms do NOT indicate the person whos doing the action but only general actions. Ex. Parlare italiano e importante: Speaking Italian is important (not somebody specifically, but in general).
Who does What? How can I indicate WHO is doing a certain thing???
Ex.: I want to say: I speak Italian 1.Take the verb you need, in this case: PARLARE 2.Identify which category your verb falls into: -ARE, -ERE or–IRE? 3.Get rid of the final 3 letters (ending). What you have left is: PARL-
I have a complete sentence! 4. FINAL STEP: substitute the old ending with a new one, the one that expresses the person youre talking to or about (in this case, -O): PARL + O = parlo italiano
1. -ARE verbs, like parlare, cantare, suonare, mangiare, etc. ParlO (if you want to say: I speak) ParlI (if you want to say: you speak) ParlA(if you want to say: He/She/You formal speaks) ParlIAMO(if you want to say: We speak.) ParlATE(if you want to say: You guys speak.) ParlANO(if you want to say: They speak.)
2. -ERE verbs like prendere, ricevere, rompere, etc. PrendO (if you want to say: I take) PrendI (if you want to say: you take) PrendE(if you want to say: He/She/You formal takes) PrendIAMO(if you want to say: We take.) PrendETE(if you want to say: You guys take.) PrendONO(if you want to say: They take.)
3. -IRE verbs like partire, dormire offrire, etc. PartO (if you want to say: I leave) PartI (if you want to say: you leave) PartE(if you want to say: He/She/You formal leaves) PartIAMO(if you want to say: We leave.) PartITE(if you want to say: You guys leave) PartONO(if you want to say: They leave)
3a. Special -IRE verbs like pulire, capire, preferire, spedire, finire, etc. ISCCap -ISC O (if you want to say: I understand) ISCCap -ISC I (if you want to say: you understand) ISC-Cap-ISC-E (if you want to say: He/She/You formal understands) CapIAMO (if you want to say: We understand) CapITE(if you want to say: You guys understand) ISCCap-ISC-ONO (if you want to say: They understand)
Now you try!!! How do you say: She receives a rose = Lei RICEV+E una rosa. We sleep here = Noi DORM+IAMO qui. I play the guitar = Io SUON+O la chitarra My parents understand Italian = I miei genitori CAP+ISC+ONO litaliano Do you eat pasta? Tu MANG+I PASTA?
We dont play chess. = Noi non GIOCH+IAMO a scacchi. My parents take many pictures in Naples = I miei genitori FANNO molte foto a Napoli. Do you play cards? = (Tu) GIOCH+I a carte? I finish my homework after dinner = (Io) FIN+ISC+O i compiti dopo cena. Do you guys listen to Italian music? (Voi) ASCOLT+ATE la musica italiana? My brother collects pens. = Mio fratello FA collezione di penne. My sister dances and sings very well. Mia sorella BALL+A e CANT+A molto bene.
Now lets form sentences using flash cards. If you have parts of the following sentences, stand up and place your card in the right spot: I dont speak German = Io non parlo tedesco. She doesnt close the window = Lei non chiude la finestra. Do Anna and Marco eat fish? = Anna e Marco mangiano il pesce? My brother does his homework = Mio fratello fa i compiti.
My friends dont speak German = I miei amici non parlano tedesco. Italians eat pasta = Gli italiani mangiano la pasta Do you and your mother receive these magazines? = Tu e tua mamma ricevete riviste? (Shall) I close the door? = Chiudo la porta? They eat an ice cream. = Loro mangiano un gelato
You guys write a postcard. Voi scrivete la cartolina. Italians dont eat hamburgers and fries! Gli italiani non mangiano hamburger e patatine fritte… She offers an orange juice. Lei offre un'aranciata. Shell receive the letter at 4. Lei riceve la lettera alle quattro. Do we have a German exam? Abbiamo lesame tedesco?
I understand the homework = Io capisco i compiti. I open the window = Io apro la finestra. I leave from Rome at 4. = Io parto da Roma alle quattro. My brother doesnt prefer dancing = Mio fratello non preferisce ballare My friends go to Naples. I miei amici vanno a Napoli.
My sister and I read two books. = Io e mia sorella leggiamo due libri. Do you guys have an exam? = Voi avete un esame? Do you understand the homework? = Tu capisci i compiti? My friends leave from Rome. = I miei amici partono da Roma. We dont have the letter. = Noi non abbiamo la lettera. Do you speak German? = Tu parli tedesco? Sara cleans the window. = Sara pulisce la finestra.