Presentation on theme: "Let’s look at some action words in English. What do you notice?"— Presentation transcript:
1Let’s look at some action words in English. What do you notice? Verbs = ActionsLet’s look at some action words in English. What do you notice?
2Now let’s look at some action words in Italian. What do you notice? Verbs = ActionsNow let’s look at some action words in Italian. What do you notice?
3Italian Verbs 3 Big Groups of Words Verbs ending in –ARE Verbs ending in – EREVerbs ending in – IRE
4“To” = “-are, -ere, -ire”All verbs in their –are, -ere, -ire forms do NOT indicate the person who’s doing the action but only general actions.Ex. Parlare italiano e’ importante: Speaking Italian is important (not somebody specifically, but in general).
5How can I indicate WHO is doing a certain thing??? Who does What?How can I indicate WHO is doing a certain thing???
6Ex.: I want to say: “I speak Italian” Take the verb you need, in this case: PARLAREIdentify which category your verb falls into: -ARE, -ERE or–IRE?Get rid of the final 3 letters (ending). What you have left is: PARL-
7I have a complete sentence! 4. FINAL STEP: substitute the old ending with a new one, the one that expresses the person you’re talking to or about (in this case, -O):PARL + O =parlo italiano
81. -ARE verbs, like parlare, cantare, suonare, mangiare, etc. ParlO (if you want to say: “I speak”)ParlI (if you want to say: “you speak”)ParlA (if you want to say: “He/She/You formal speaks”)ParlIAMO (if you want to say: “We speak.”)ParlATE (if you want to say: “You guys speak.”)ParlANO (if you want to say: “They speak.”)
92. -ERE verbs like prendere, ricevere, rompere, etc. PrendO (if you want to say: “I take”)PrendI (if you want to say: “you take”)PrendE (if you want to say: “He/She/You formal takes”)PrendIAMO (if you want to say: “We take.”)PrendETE (if you want to say: “You guys take.”)PrendONO (if you want to say: “They take.”)
103. -IRE verbs like partire, dormire offrire, etc. PartO (if you want to say: “I leave”)PartI (if you want to say: “you leave”)PartE (if you want to say: “He/She/You formal leaves”)PartIAMO (if you want to say: “We leave.”)PartITE (if you want to say: “You guys leave”)PartONO (if you want to say: “They leave”)
113a. Special -IRE verbs like pulire, capire, preferire, spedire, finire, etc. Cap -ISC O (if you want to say: “I understand”)Cap -ISC I (if you want to say: “you understand”)Cap-ISC-E (if you want to say: “He/She/You formal understands”)CapIAMO (if you want to say: “We understand”)CapITE (if you want to say: “You guys understand”)Cap-ISC-ONO (if you want to say: “They understand”)
12Now you try!!! How do you say: “She receives a rose” =Lei RICEV+E una rosa.“We sleep here” =Noi DORM+IAMO qui.“I play the guitar” =Io SUON+O la chitarra“My parents understand Italian” =I miei genitori CAP+ISC+ONO l’italiano“Do you eat pasta?”Tu MANG+I PASTA?
13“We don’t play chess.” =Noi non GIOCH+IAMO a scacchi.“My parents take many pictures in Naples” =I miei genitori FANNO molte foto a Napoli.“Do you play cards?” =(Tu) GIOCH+I a carte?“I finish my homework after dinner” =(Io) FIN+ISC+O i compiti dopo cena.“Do you guys listen to Italian music?”(Voi) ASCOLT+ATE la musica italiana?“My brother collects pens.” =Mio fratello FA collezione di penne.“My sister dances and sings very well.”Mia sorella BALL+A e CANT+A molto bene.
14She doesn’t close the window = Lei non chiude la finestra. Now let’s form sentences using flash cards. If you have parts of the following sentences, stand up and place your card in the right spot:I don’t speak German =Io non parlo tedesco.She doesn’t close the window =Lei non chiude la finestra.Do Anna and Marco eat fish? =Anna e Marco mangiano il pesce?My brother does his homework =Mio fratello fa i compiti.
15My friends don’t speak German = I miei amici non parlano tedesco. Italians eat pasta =Gli italiani mangiano la pastaDo you and your mother receive these magazines? =Tu e tua mamma ricevete riviste?(Shall) I close the door? =Chiudo la porta?They eat an ice cream. =Loro mangiano un gelato
16You guys write a postcard. Voi scrivete la cartolina. Italians don’t eat hamburgers and fries!Gli italiani non mangiano hamburger e patatine fritte…She offers an orange juice.Lei offre un'aranciata.She’ll receive the letter at 4.Lei riceve la lettera alle quattro.Do we have a German exam?Abbiamo l’esame tedesco?
17I understand the homework = Io capisco i compiti. I open the window = Io apro la finestra.I leave from Rome at 4. =Io parto da Roma alle quattro.My brother doesn’t prefer dancing =Mio fratello non preferisce ballareMy friends go to Naples.I miei amici vanno a Napoli.
18My sister and I read two books. = Io e mia sorella leggiamo due libri. Do you guys have an exam? =Voi avete un esame?Do you understand the homework? =Tu capisci i compiti?My friends leave from Rome. =I miei amici partono da Roma.We don’t have the letter. =Noi non abbiamo la lettera.Do you speak German? =Tu parli tedesco?Sara cleans the window. =Sara pulisce la finestra.