19 Families Work the Canal Many canal boats were run by families.Mothers and daughters cooked and cleaned.Fathers and sons operated the boats, loaded cargo, and took care of the animals.Families lived on the barges.
20 More Views of the Barges The top picture shows barges tied together for the trip down the Hudson to New York City.The laundry is hung out to dry.
21 Education of Younger Kids Often families lived in the back part of the barge.Kids may have gone to school during the off season, and sometimes they were schooled by family.
22 Products and People Travel the Erie Canal Boats traveling to Albany carried salt, flour, coal, wood, iron, and other products.Factories sent goods to the west and also people, many from Ireland and Germany.In 1826, there are 3,000 Irish working the Erie Canal.
23 How a Lock Works https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S7_Hr3iCPls
25 Why was the Erie Canal so transforming? The use of the Erie Canal and water power brought enormous social and economic changes.People were able to move to the western part of the country west of the Appalachian Mountains. (Timber, minerals and fertile land for farming in the states that would become Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Ohio.)New York became the shipping capital of the Northeast. (Before the canal, New York was 5th after Boston, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New Orleans.)
26 Transforming, continued Goods could be moved from NY to Buffalo and beyond more quickly and for less money. (Goods could be shipped from the western territories to NY as well.)Freight rates from Buffalo to NY went from $100 a ton to $10 a ton.In 1829, almost 3,640 bushels of wheat were transported from Buffalo.By 1837, there were 500,000 bushels, and by 1841 there were 1,000,000 bushels shipped!Cities along the canal route prospered.