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Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Site Autorisations.

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Presentation on theme: "Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Site Autorisations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Site Autorisations Simplifying licences and permits: Inventory and evaluation Anne de Chambrier State Secretariat for Economic Affairs, Switzerland Cairo, OCDE, High level regional seminar on « Administrative Simplification »

2 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs An effort with two aims ! Inventory « Licences and permits » Administrative simplificationE-government

3 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Plan I INVENTORY in 1998 « all permits by national laws» Definition Goal and steps Internet site Advantages and disadvantages Experiences with federal and cantonal offices II EVALUATION in 2005 Government mandate Results

4 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Five types of state interventions E) Exception: limited quantity/ e.g. due to market failure or political choice A) Authorization: unlimited quantity/ preserving a level of quality and security N) Notification duty: same as A, but with no waiting period (silence is consent) P) Prescriptions : legal standards to be respected / control afterwards I ) Information duty : making information available (e.g.: quality label)

5 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Definition Authorization procedure « Mandatory submission to an authority generally related to an economic activity requiring explicit or implicit approval by the said authority» Exception : concession, licence, quota, exceptional authorization, numerus clausus Authorization : authorization to practice, permit, patent, certificate Notification duty : registration

6 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Inventory Basic goal Reducing administrative paperwork for companies (request made by the Swiss Parliament) Procedure Inventory => contact with 34 federal offices out of 50 => contact with several cantons => first analysis and some 40 measures Creation of the Internet site (by-product)

7 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Situation in 2005 All licences and permits (federal legislation) permits at the federal level permits at the cantonal level 3.Cantonal permits carried out at the cantonal level => 2005 report «Authorizations: Present situation and trends »

8 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Permits: view by main sectors

9 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Internet site: background 2000 (creation) st content update; site development : links on a legal basis and through forms 2004 Increase of 160 permits by the cantons new concept and design: nd update; 2005 report

10 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Site: Advantages / Disadvantages User + Portal « licences and permits » (by key word) Information level: around fields Communication level: contact tel. / / web site transaction level: online forms (30%) - Risk of obsolete information Administration + Ease of evaluation and international comparisons + Direct access for updates possible (by office/by canton) - Regular updates necessary (1-2 years) - SECO depends of the offices for the content of the files…

11 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Experience with federal offices 34 offices involved What works well today: Regular updates The procedure is known and appreciated More difficult: Identifying new authorizations Evaluating the usefulness of the authorization Justifying the role of SECO by the federal offices

12 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Experiences with the cantons 26 cantons 2 cantons have not provided information Minimal information on cantonal files (law/contact) Differences in application (according to the cantons) Examples of cantonal sites Zurich: (one-stop shop for permits) (site for work-permits) Vaud : (site for building authorizations)

13 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs

14 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs

15 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs

16 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs EVALUATION of licenses & permits Following the 2005 report, The Government decided in 2005 to: => Eliminate 20% of the authorizations

17 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Evaluation: method 1st stage: postulate: Eliminate all authorizations that have been granted less than 50 times a year 3 questions: 1) If so, way to follow 2) If not, justification according to criterias 3) If >50x/year, can the procedure be improved? 2nd stage:Detailed analysis of all the most frequent authorizations (<5,000/year) through SECO

18 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Evaluation: Question 2 Criterias justifying the continuation of the authorization: Multiple choices : 1(44%) public interest (insufficient subsequent control) 2(31%) granting of a specific right 3(10%) legitimization before a heavy investment 4(17%) exemption from a measure/ban 5(10%) possibility to appeal/opposition by a third party 6(33%) easier legal action in case of an offence 7( 9%) confirmation of an administrative law 8(30%) demands of international law 9(24%) others

19 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Evaluation: Question 3 Criteria for improving authorizations: 1Speeding up procedures 2Co-ordinating procedures 3Optimisation of legal measures 4Easing procedures (e.g : E => A => N => P => I) ) 5Use of ICT / NPM (customer orientation)

20 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Permits at the federal level

21 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Permits at the cantonal level

22 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Evaluation: result Result in 2006: 15% of licences and permits were eliminated or simplified!

23 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs An effort with two aims ! Inventory « licences and permits » - Transparency, free of charge, information 24h a day - On-line forms - Ease of international comparisons - Reduce the administrative load on companies - promote the free market economy - Simplify tasks inside the federal administration Administrative simplificationE-government

24 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Challenge Propose « one-stop shops where each provider can complete all administrative procedures relating to his activity, in particular authorizations by electronic means». (conforms to Art. 6 of the project of the EU directive on services)

25 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Thank you for your attention !

26 Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft Secrétariat dEtat à léconomie Segretariato di Stato dell'economia State Secretariat for Economic Affairs Administrative simplification : useful links Site des autorisations : Mesures dallègement administratif : Questionnaire et article «Évaluation des autorisations 2006»: Publication SECO (autorisations / professions réglementées): Portail suisse E-gov et Guichet créateur (pour fonder entreprise online) : et La stratégie E-gov en Suisse (avec lien sur Evanti.ch) :


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