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To live with the sea Towards community-centred marine conservation in Andavadoaka.

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Presentation on theme: "To live with the sea Towards community-centred marine conservation in Andavadoaka."— Presentation transcript:

1 To live with the sea Towards community-centred marine conservation in Andavadoaka

2 Where is Andavadoaka?

3 Southwest Madagascar 4 th largest reef system in the world Over 500 species of fish and coral Livelihood and cultural identity of Vezo people 70,000 people depend on marine resources Biologically diverse yet least studied marine ecosystems

4 Unsustainable fishing Population growth Rapid expansion of fisheries and businesses External fishing pressures Destructive gear for fishing

5 Alternative Livelihoods Community Eco-lodge Sea Cucumber Farming Eco-guide Training Fish Aggregation Devices Artisanal crafts Whale-watching platform

6 Protected areas Andavadoakas goal Sustainable use and protection of marine resources: –Poverty reduction –Biodiversity conservation

7 Our first community-run marine no take zone ( ) Economic importance of Andavadoaka's octopus fishery

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9 The first reserve 200 ha reef flat surrounding Nosy Fasy island –Closed for 7 months from Nov-2004 –Local law Dina created to protect NTZ –Guardian hired by fishers to prevent poaching

10 Initial conclusions and management implications Short term closures = increase in the size and number of octopus Increasing revenue for octopus fishers Increasing reproductive output

11 CONTRIBUTION TO NATIONAL POLICY Government introduced national NTZs for octopus.

12 2007: 24 zones: multiple uses, multiple habitats, 23 villages, 800 sq km Expansion; evolution; replication 2004: 1 octopus no-take zone, 1 fishery, 1 village, 0.2 sq km

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15 Velondriake to live with the sea - Maintain ecosystem functioning that underpins vital resources - Promote ecotourism - Sustainable fisheries management - Maintain or Increase catches - Insure against management failure - Simplify management

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17 24 Villages 3 Committees Groupe Nord (Vezo Milagnoriake) Groupe Centre (Milasoa) Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse)

18 Nov 04 - May 05 1 NTZ: - Nosy Fasy 24 Villages 3 Committees Groupe Nord (Vezo Milagnoriake) Groupe Centre (Milasoa) Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse)

19 Nov 05 to Apr 06 3 NTZs: - Nosy Fasy - Ampisorogna - Nosy Masay 24 Villages 3 Committees Groupe Nord (Vezo Milagnoriake) Groupe Centre (Milasoa) Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse)

20 Post Oct 06: -NTZs 24 Villages 3 Committees Groupe Nord (Vezo Milagnoriake) Groupe Centre (Milasoa) Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse)

21 24 Villages 3 Committees Groupe Nord (Vezo Milagnoriake) Groupe Centre (Milasoa) Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse) Post Oct 06: -NTZs -MPAs

22 24 Villages 3 Committees Groupe Nord (Vezo Milagnoriake) Groupe Centre (Milasoa) Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse) Post Oct 06: -NTZs -MPAs -Special areas

23 CONTRIBUTION TO NATIONAL POLICY The velondriake protected area has been used as a model by the government for the implementation of the PACP project to support all fishing communities in 50 coastal villages in South West region of Madagascar.

24 Conclusion Andavadoaka has recognised environmental problems and is taking steps to manage its own resources Focus on capacity building and education -Environmental education -Womens Association -Technical management support

25 Our concerns Enforcement & legislation Outside commercial interest in community natural resources beyond community control –Commercial trawlers –Blue Reef luxury hotel development project

26 Misaotra Bevata! Blue Ventures Conservation Institut Halieutique et des Sciences Marines, Universite de Toliara Wildlife Conservation Society Copefrito, Toliara


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