2 What is Health?It is a state of body, mind and spirit that must be viewed within the context of community, society and the environment.World Health Organisation defines health as....'a state of complete, physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity'It involves more than just physical wellness.
3 5 Dimensions of Health Physical Social Spiritual Intellectual Emotional
4 5 Dimensions of Health Physical – keep our bodies healthy Social – ability to interact effectively with other people and the social environmentSpiritual – ID your basic purpose in lifeIntellectual – using your mind to gather, process and act on infoEmotional – emotional and mental states
5 Physical HealthIs about the Structure and function of the body: The body's capacity to carry out everyday activities and be free from illness. It includes fitness, weight, body shape and ability to recover from illness.
6 Social HealthThe ability to make and maintain healthy relationships with other people. e.g. being able to relate to parents, friends, teachers in a way that your community finds acceptable. It also includes accepting social standards / norms of behavior, for instance, waiting in queues, behaving appropriately at the cinema.
7 Intellectual HealthIt involves thinking processes (cognition) and learning and making healthy choices. It also involves that passion and concern to continue to facilitate the growth of your mind. To continue to feed your mind inquisitively to stay sharp as an active member in your different relationships.
8 Emotional HealthAn individual's ability to recognize and express feelings adequately and appropriately: It involves being able to develop good self-esteem and a positive self image. The ability to control emotions, maintain a realistic perspective on situations to help decrease stress levels and develop resilience.
9 Spiritual HealthThe need to establish a purpose in life: This can be expressed in many ways. It may involve having goals in life, believing in a higher being which helps guide life decisions. Prescribing to a particuler religion for guidance or finding a meaning behind why we are here.
10 The Wellness Line Optimal, Physical Emotional, Spiritual, and Social HealthDeath from DiseaseMarginal Levelof HealthGood Levelof HealthSuperior Levelof HealthPoor Levelof HealthModerate Levelof Health
11 What is a well person? -Physical and Preventive Care Gets enough sleepMaintains proper weightEnjoys food and uses it for nutritional purposesDoesn’t use drugs or alcoholUses OTC drugs the way they should be usedAccidents can happen and takes precautionsIs aware of infectious diseasesKnows his/her disease risk and takes precautions to preventCan use the health care system wisely
12 What is a well person? - Social Health Develops supportive relationshipsResolves conflicts effectivelyCan have a successful long-term relationshipUnderstands and accepts his/her sexualitySocializes well with others without the influence of alcohol and/or drugsUnderstands the risks of STD’s/pregnancy and takes responsibility for his/her own actionsContinues to grow and be challenged throughout lifeKnows how to face death
13 What is a well person? -Emotional and Spiritual Feels there is a meaning to lifeHas proper valuesWilling to try new behaviors and accept new ideasHas positive self-esteemManages emotions in a good waySeeks help when it is neededManages stress appropriately
14 How do the choices you make affect your wellness lifeline and your 5 Dimensions of Wellness? Positive choicesNegative choicesLife expectancy – levels of wellnessOthers in your life
15 Making a Behavior Change Example: Getting more sleepThe value of the reward. (How big?)Its timing. (How soon will it come, or soon will the price have to be paid?)The costs. (What are the risks/consequences in the reward?)Its probability. (How likely, and how certain the price?)
16 What motivates YOU to change? You WANT to be better at somethingYou will GET something in return (vacation, scholarship, money)
17 How committed are you?Are you committed to the hard work that will be involved?Do you have the will to do it?Do you have a changed self-image?