Presentation on theme: "IT303: Week 2 Quando Dio ballava il tango Diaspora, home, gender."— Presentation transcript:
IT303: Week 2 Quando Dio ballava il tango Diaspora, home, gender
Structure of lecture: Introduction to Pariani and text Discussion of first chapter Diaspora and home Images of Home in Quando Dio ballava il tango
Italy and Argentina After 1900, 3 million Italians went to Argentina and 1.5 million to Brazil Worked on construction, railways, pampas and plantations 1936 – almost 300,000 Italians in Buenos Aires Around 55% of Argentinians of Italian descent Seasonal workers – golondrine (rondine/swallows) Most were men, but a third were women Women left behind referred to as white widows.
La Venturina e Corazón; ognuna seguendo il filo di due vite diversissime che non si mescolano luna con laltra, ma armonizzano nonostante tutto, perché in qualche punto della distanza che le separa compongono una risposta. Dato che sono nonna e nipote. (p. 28)
Chapter 1 Language Narrative voice Gender and migration Identity Memory
Diaspora: Etymology Greek: Dia (over, through) Speirein (sow, scatter)
Diaspora as a necklace of scattered pearls (Ali Farah)
Diaspora as web of connections Interconnectedness Attachment Myth of centre
Characteristics of Diaspora (Safran) 1)dispersal from centre to two or more foreign regions 2)collective memory / myth of homeland 3)partly alienated from host society 4)desire to return home 5)commitment to maintain / restore homeland 6)they relate personally to homeland and share sense of co-ethnicity with other members of diaspora.
Types of Diaspora - Cohen Victim diaspora- Jews, Armenians, Africans Imperial diaspora – British Labour diaspora – Indian Trading diaspora – Chinese, Lebanese Cultural diaspora – Caribbean
Diaspora Space - Brah Avoids the divisions of native/non-native or minority/majority. It includes descendants of migrants and the indigenous. Diaspora space is the intersectionality of diaspora, border, and dis/location as a point of confluence of economic, political, cultural and psychic processes. It includes the entanglement, the intertwining of the genealogies of dispersion with those of staying put.
Donna Gabaccia Italy has many diasporas attachments are to home town (il paese) rather than Italy (il Paese). campanilismo high rate of return part of magnetism of home town (over half returned) The modern diasporas of Italy were webs of social connections and channels of communication between the wider world and a particular paese (village) or patria (hometown) (Gabaccia, p. 3).
Meanings of home refuge, comfort, protection, security, stability permanent dwelling (contrast hotel, tent) denotes a sense of attachment (house v home) an architectural, psychological, geographical and social concept domestic space, gendered space site of oppression, restriction, entrapment an idealised, utopian space constructed on patterns of inclusion and exclusion a problematic term for displaced persons or children of migrants
Soltanto due mesi fa Corazón e la sua bambina erano ancora nelle praterie slargate allaltro capo del mondo; adesso invece il loro orizzonte è qui, in questa angusta cucina di cardenzóni tartati, vigilata da scure fotografie di gente che fu (pp ). Come deve essersi sentito prigioniero in questa cascina buia, al suo ritorno dallAmerica, dopo aver assaggiato lampiezza luminosa degli spazi argentini latmosfera di chiuso spaesato spaesamento.
Regalada Majnas the life in the village, una vita immobile e senza vie duscita; una gabbia, (p ). Martinita Colombo leaves home to escape a violent father. una terribile trappola da cui fuggire (p. 276). Raquel Potok, who flees from her home in Poland during the 1930s to escape racial persecution (p. 116). Pietro Colombo voleva la libertà Ambrogio also leaves home in casa Colombo si soffocava (p. 111). Pietro Colombo wants to build a house in Argentina so his children can be born in their own home. Mafalda Cerutti, il suo paese ce laveva nel cuore, p. 169 Wife of Lot (pp. 216, 225).
Topics Language / voice Identity home Loss, nostalgia Gender Memory Intergenerational relationship The sea