Get a sheet of paper and answer the following question: Can something be a success and a failure? –Explain –Any examples?


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Presentation transcript:

Get a sheet of paper and answer the following question: Can something be a success and a failure? –Explain –Any examples?

The Crusades History’s Most Successful FAILURE

Background During the Middle Ages the Catholic Church had risen in power After the fall of Rome, the Eastern portion of the Empire became known as the Byzantine Empire

Many were uncertain where life would lead them and many tragic events lead people to have a higher believe in GOD (Rise of Christianity)

Background- Causes Jerusalem was a holy land for the Christians and each year many come to visit (pilgrimages) The Seljuk Turks (Muslims) controlled that land and the amount of visitors grew too much that they began not allowing visitors It was also believed that the increase in Muslim power would threaten the Byzantine Capital of Constantinople


Pope Urban II and his call Byzantine Emperor Alexius wanted help to save Constantinople from Turks  asks Church Pope Urban II issues a call for a “holy” war or Crusade to capture the Holy land (Palestine) back from Muslims –Pope assured that those that die in Crusade will have a place in Heaven

GOAL: Crusades  recapture the holy land from Muslims

Map of Crusades

1st Crusade Crusaders capture Jerusalem Jerusalem falls back to Muslim rule

Crusade # 2 Fails to recapture city

Third Crusade Led by Richard the Lionhearted- King of England –Despite war, eventually they came to a truce with Saladin, leader of Muslims Christians (unarmed) would be allowed in city

The Crusades = 7-8 total The next 4 were unsuccessful in recapturing city. But there were other crusades….

Children’s Crusade ,000 – 30,000 children went out –Most died of disease, starvation and others were sold to slavery

Spanish Crusade- The Inquisition 1400 kick Muslims/ non Christians out of Spain Reconquisita- Re –conquering of Spain Inquisition – court used to suppress heresy (anyone different from teachings of Church) Like a witch hunt against those not Christians

Why did the Crusades fail? After the 1 st attempt, each attempt was weaker with less emphasis on winning People soon became about making money and getting goods Stealing from Byzantine and Islamic

Effects of Crusades Showed power of Church Increased trading between East and West --> will lead to massive Cultural Diffusion Lead to the Commercial Revolution Muslim bitterness and hatred toward Christians Constantinople (Istanbul) eventually falls to Turks

Effect of Crusades Increased trading helped business flourish Merchants increased

The growth of Trade: As time passed trade began to expand and business began to grow  leading to the Commercial Revolution

Why did business start picking up?

Guild System Protected businesses and allowed them to grow

What was traded? -cloth -dyes -leather

How will increased trading effect society? -More $$ available -Merchants get increased power  taxes increase to king  King no longer need to give land for loyalty, instead can give money -Growth of cities –Move back to cities to trade

Results of Commercial Revolution -Businesses grow -End of Feudalism decline/ Serfdom  kings gain power -Trading increases  Age of exploration?? -Banking -Growth of merchants and middle class

So do we need feudalism to keep people loyal? Commercial revolution means end of feudalism People can live and survive without farming

Banking is fixed Fixing the “coinage” problem: -Merchants developed notes of credit