Get a sheet of paper and answer the following question: Can something be a success and a failure? –Explain –Any examples?

Slides:



Advertisements
Similar presentations
Hot Seat. A period in European history from about the 400s to the 1400s.
Advertisements

Middle Ages Semester 1 – Day 61.
Middle Ages A.D. Crusades (Holy Wars).
Outcome: Church Reform & The Crusades. 1. Age of Faith a. Between Europe was a dark age b. Around the 900s, a new spirit invaded the church.
Church Reform and the Crusades
The Crusades and the Wider World
Chapter 14 The High Middle Ages
Section 1 Church Reform and the Crusades
The Crusades Background to the Crusades Islam and the Seljuk Turks Islam and the Seljuk Turks Change and disintegration in the Muslim world Seljuk Turks.
The Crusades Why did the Crusades occur? How did the Crusades affect the world?
Aim: Were the Crusades one of history’s “successful failures”?
Objectives Identify the advanced civilizations that were flourishing in Explain the causes and effects of the Crusades. Summarize how Christians.
Answer the following questions on your Journal sheet #1  Can something be a success and a failure?  Explain  Any examples?
The Crusades: A Quest for the Holy Land
The Crusades. Muslim Seljuk Turks conquered nearly all Byzantine provinces in Asia Minor.
The Crusades! Christian Holy War
THE MIDDLE AGES. Aka the Medieval Period Lasted from 5 th to 15 th centuries Began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire to Germanic tribes Ended.
THE CRUSADES A Quest for the Holy Land.
Chapter 9 section 3.  Pope Urban believed the Crusades would increase his power  Possibly reunite the Eastern and Western Churches  Christians believed.
The Crusades Chapter 5 Sec. 1 Causes of the Crusades The Seljuk Turks gained control pf Palestine. –T–They threatened the Byzantine Empire and they asked.
The Crusades 1. Background 600s – Muslims take control of Palestine Christians & Jews allowed to practice own religion This changes during the.
The Crusades: Military expeditions from Christian Europe to Palestine between the 11th and 13th centuries. 7th Grade World History.
THE CRUSADES Mr. Blais European Middle Ages What is a Crusade? How many Crusades were there? What were the Crusades fought over? Why did they start?
The Crusades The Fight for the Holy land. Causes of the Crusades The Pope –Wanted to reunite with Byzantine Empire (Eastern Orthodox) –Wanted to show.
A Quest for the Holy Land The Crusades were a series of attempts to gain Christian control of the Holy Land, had a profound economic, political, and social.
CRUSADES.
The Crusades OVERVIEW: Crusades were religious wars between Christians and Muslims Lasted for 200 years Seljuk Turks had the city of Jerusalem.
The Crusades l Christians during the Middle Ages regarded Palestine as the Holy Land. l Due to the pleadings of the Byzantine Empire and tales of persecutions.
Feudalism.  What were the Crusades?  Seljuk Turks threatened Byzantium  1093, Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus asked Pope Urban II in Rome for help.
Byzantine Empire Christian church became known as Eastern Orthodox Church Eastern (Greek) Orthodox Church.
Formation of Western Europe Chapter 14. I. Crusades Palestine – Holy land where Jesus lived and taught European Christians made regular pilgrimages.
How Was the World in 1095… Byzantines – more stable than any time since Basil Macedonian dynasty Revival in Art and Culture… Muslims – civil wars erode.
The Crusades! Christian Holy War Copyright © Clara Kim All rights reserved.
CHAPTER 13 & 14 The Middle Ages. Mixed Bag Life in Europe The Church People Crusade s
Crusades.  During the Middle Ages the Catholic Church had risen in power.  After the fall of Rome, the Eastern portion of the Empire became known as.
“Das Vault” God Wills it
Church Reform and the Crusades Chapter 14 Section 1.
34e – describe the impact of the Crusades on both the Islamic World and Europe WARM-UP:
Holy Roman Empire and the Crusades. Holy Roman Empire With the rise of Monarchies, there becomes a struggle between the Emperors and the Church –Many.
The Crusades. Byzantine Empire was under attack by Muslins in 1093 and Sought Help from Western Europe Pope Urban II launched the Crusades in 1095 He.
The Crusades AD s.
In 1095, Pope Urban II called for the Crusades Why? 1) Recapture the Holy Land from the Seljuk Turks.
Key Terms – The Crusades
Crusades Military Expeditions aimed at reclaiming the Holy Land from the Muslims.
 were military expeditions funded by the Catholic Church to regain the Holy lands from Muslim control. › From the 11 th -13 th centuries, › European.
 Bellwork: Please take out your notebook and a pen or a pencil.  Want to volunteer for Current Event?  Food Drive items?
Church Reform and the Crusades Objectives: 1. Explain the spiritual revival and Church reforms that began in the 11 th century. 2. Describe the Gothic.
Aim: Were the Crusades one of history’s successful failures?
The Crusades ’s. Conditions that made the Crusades possible for the Europeans The beginning of the Reconquista by the Spanish nobles The Byzantine.
A Quest for the Holy Land
A Quest for the Holy Land
Middle Ages – The Crusades “God Wills It!”. Introduction “Crusades” were military expeditions sent by the Pope to capture the Holy Land from people called.
The Middle ages Outcome: The Crusades.
The Crusades. Call to Fight Byzantine emperor, Alexius I, asked Pope to help in fighting the Seljuk Turks (Muslim) Byzantine emperor, Alexius I, asked.
The Crusades. Background Crusades = military expeditions sent by the pope to capture the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks. The empire of the Turks included.
Key events of Crusades Pope Urban’s speech The capture of Jerusalem Founding of Crusader states Loss of Jerusalem to Saladin Sack of Constantinople by.
THE CRUSADES A Quest for the Holy Land. What Do You Know?? What are the Crusades? What do you think of when you hear the term Crusades? What area of the.
Chapter 11 Section 1 - The Crusades.
1 Ch. 14 The High Midddle Ages Sec. 1: The Crusades.
UNIT III: Regional Civilizations C.E.. The Crusades.
Chapter 10 Lesson 2 The Crusades. Battle for Palestine Causes of the Crusades Seljuk Turks captured Palestine, including Jerusalem, in 1071 Seljuk Turks.
The Crusades Background: Muslims had conquered Palestine in the 600s during the leadership of the Rightly Guided Caliphs. Muslims were at first tolerant.
Aim: Summarize the Causes and Effects of the Crusades
BELLRINGER: 3/30 + 3/31 1. Pick up the papers by the door. 2. Make the following ToC updates: ▫Page #126: Notes: Crusades ▫Page #127: SAC Evidence Sheet.
April 1 st 527 – Justinian becomes the Roman Emperor of the Eastern Empire 1748 – The ruins of Pompeii were discovered 1976 – Apple Computer Company founded.
The Crusades World History. Causes  Economic Younger sons wanted land Wanted to plunder Middle East.
DARK AGES 4 The Crusades Eastern Orthodox Church Churches in Constantinople did not accept the pope’s claim as head of Church (1054) Great Schism = separation.
 A long series or Wars between Christians and Muslims  They fought over control of Jerusalem which was called the Holy Land because it was the region.
The Crusades September 27th.
Presentation transcript:

Get a sheet of paper and answer the following question: Can something be a success and a failure? –Explain –Any examples?

The Crusades History’s Most Successful FAILURE

Background During the Middle Ages the Catholic Church had risen in power After the fall of Rome, the Eastern portion of the Empire became known as the Byzantine Empire

Many were uncertain where life would lead them and many tragic events lead people to have a higher believe in GOD (Rise of Christianity)

Background- Causes Jerusalem was a holy land for the Christians and each year many come to visit (pilgrimages) The Seljuk Turks (Muslims) controlled that land and the amount of visitors grew too much that they began not allowing visitors It was also believed that the increase in Muslim power would threaten the Byzantine Capital of Constantinople

Jerusalem

Pope Urban II and his call Byzantine Emperor Alexius wanted help to save Constantinople from Turks  asks Church Pope Urban II issues a call for a “holy” war or Crusade to capture the Holy land (Palestine) back from Muslims –Pope assured that those that die in Crusade will have a place in Heaven

GOAL: Crusades  recapture the holy land from Muslims

Map of Crusades

1st Crusade Crusaders capture Jerusalem Jerusalem falls back to Muslim rule

Crusade # 2 Fails to recapture city

Third Crusade Led by Richard the Lionhearted- King of England –Despite war, eventually they came to a truce with Saladin, leader of Muslims Christians (unarmed) would be allowed in city

The Crusades = 7-8 total The next 4 were unsuccessful in recapturing city. But there were other crusades….

Children’s Crusade ,000 – 30,000 children went out –Most died of disease, starvation and others were sold to slavery

Spanish Crusade- The Inquisition 1400 kick Muslims/ non Christians out of Spain Reconquisita- Re –conquering of Spain Inquisition – court used to suppress heresy (anyone different from teachings of Church) Like a witch hunt against those not Christians

Why did the Crusades fail? After the 1 st attempt, each attempt was weaker with less emphasis on winning People soon became about making money and getting goods Stealing from Byzantine and Islamic

Effects of Crusades Showed power of Church Increased trading between East and West --> will lead to massive Cultural Diffusion Lead to the Commercial Revolution Muslim bitterness and hatred toward Christians Constantinople (Istanbul) eventually falls to Turks

Effect of Crusades Increased trading helped business flourish Merchants increased

The growth of Trade: As time passed trade began to expand and business began to grow  leading to the Commercial Revolution

Why did business start picking up?

Guild System Protected businesses and allowed them to grow

What was traded? -cloth -dyes -leather

How will increased trading effect society? -More $$ available -Merchants get increased power  taxes increase to king  King no longer need to give land for loyalty, instead can give money -Growth of cities –Move back to cities to trade

Results of Commercial Revolution -Businesses grow -End of Feudalism decline/ Serfdom  kings gain power -Trading increases  Age of exploration?? -Banking -Growth of merchants and middle class

So do we need feudalism to keep people loyal? Commercial revolution means end of feudalism People can live and survive without farming

Banking is fixed Fixing the “coinage” problem: -Merchants developed notes of credit